SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Current clinical pharmacology

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Tacrolimus HEXAL®/Crilomus® is an approved generic immunosuppressant for the prevention and treatment of rejection following renal transplantation. For safe and socioeconomically efficient conversion from the innovator to generic formulation, high-quality data are necessary, in view of the different and country-specific comorbidities and pharmacokinetics in kidney transplant recipients.

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Several studies reported that abnormal behavior was noted in pediatric patients receiving several drugs including neuraminidase inhibitors (NIs). However, information on drugs associated with abnormal behavior in a real-world setting remains limited. The purpose of this study was to clarify drugs associated with abnormal behavior using a spontaneous reporting system database.

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Coronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A major health concern in developing countries is opioid addiction, which has controversial cardiovascular side effects. We aimed to investigate whether myocardial infarction (MI) and its risk factors are associated with morphine dependency in the Iranian population.

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Our study aims at assessing the pre-clinical impact of the synergistic mechanism of Daptomycin (DAP) and Ceftaroline (CFT) in patients with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia infections (MRSAB).

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The study was conducted to determine whether synthetic disease modifying Anti Rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) suppresses the latency of Tuberculosis (TB) infection in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients along with other variables.

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Ceftriaxone is recommended for empiric antimicrobial therapy in patients with sepsis. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) guided dose optimisation could elucidate pharmacokinetic variabilities, improving treatment efficacy. However, detailed data on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for unbound ceftriaxone quantification in serum are scarce.

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While facing potentially high morbidity from COVID-19 without known effective therapies, the off-label use of several non-specific drugs has been advocated, including re-purposed anti-virals (e.g. remdesivir or the lopinavir/ritonavir combination), biologic agents (e.g. tocilizumab), and antimalarial drugs such as chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, in association with or without azithromycin. Data regarding the effectiveness of these drugs in treating COVID-19 has been shown in some trials and clinical settings, but further randomised controlled trials are still being carried out. One of the main concerns regarding their widespread use however, are their possible effects on the QT interval and their arrhythmogenic potential. Some of this drugs have been in fact associated to QT prolongation and Torsades de Point, a potentially lethal ventricular arrhythmia. Aim of this review is to highlight the magnitude of this problem, to quickly refresh clinically impacting cornerstones of QT interval and TdP pathophysiology, to summarize the available evidence regarding the QT and arrhythmia impact of drugs used in different clinical settings in COVID-19 patients, and to help the physician dealing with the knowledge needed in the everyday clinical duties in case of doubts regarding QT-induced arrhythmias in this time of emergency.

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The prevalence of cholelithiasis in developed countries is high and its cause multifactorial, with a negligible proportion of drug-induced cholelithiasis.

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Poisoning is one of the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the advancement of poison detection by modern investigation methods, the clinical skill of toxidrome recognition by combining the findings from a detailed history, thorough physical examination, and the results of basic investigations is still indispensable for the management of children with suspected poisoning.

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Iron-folic acid supplementation is a central preventive measure for maternal anemia, so a consideration of the factors leading to or deterring from adherence is important. This review aims to establish if there is a correlation between increasing maternal education and adherence of iron-folic acid supplementation in Ethiopia.