SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Contraception

168

BACKGROUND: Significant racial disparities exist in the US unplanned pregnancy rate. We conducted a qualitative study using the theory of planned behavior as a framework to describe how low-income, African-American women approach family planning. STUDY DESIGN: Structured focus groups were held with adult, low-income, nonpregnant, African-American women in Connecticut. Data were collected using a standardized discussion guide, audio-taped and transcribed. Four independent researchers coded the transcripts using the constant comparative method. Codes were organized into overarching themes. RESULTS: Contraceptive knowledge was limited, with formal contraceptive education often occurring after sexual debut. Attitudes about contraception were overtly negative, with method effectiveness being judged by the presence of side effects. Family and friends strongly influence contraceptive decisions, while male partners are primarily seen as a barrier. Contraceptive pills are perceived as readily accessible, although compliance is considered a barrier. CONCLUSIONS: Contraception education should occur before sexual debut, should involve trusted family and community members and should positively frame issues in terms of achieving life goals.

Concepts: Scientific method, Pregnancy, Sexual intercourse, Family planning, Focus group, Combined oral contraceptive pill, Abortion, Qualitative research

134

To examine levels of, correlates of, and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among U.S. females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Humid subtropical climate, Henry David Thoreau, Marilyn Monroe, Ralph Waldo Emerson

93

The Natural Cycles application is a fertility awareness-based contraceptive method, which uses dates of menstruation and basal body temperature to inform couples whether protected intercourse is needed to prevent pregnancies. Our purpose with this study is to investigate the contraceptive efficacy of the mobile application by evaluating the perfect- and typical-use Pearl Index.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Birth control, Menstrual cycle, Abortion, Personal digital assistant, Pregnancy test, Mobile software, Mobile computing

88

To analyze data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 21 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to examine patterns of interpregnancy intervals, unmet need, pregnancy risk, and family planning method use and method mix among women 0-23months postpartum.

Concepts: Family, Childbirth, Birth control, Family planning, Abortion, Planning, Sex education

57

We aimed to document the experience of buying abortion pills from online vendors that do not require a prescription and to evaluate the active ingredient content of the pills received.

Concepts: Internet, History of the Internet, Media technology, Abortifacient, First-person shooter, Mifepristone, Misoprostol

46

Many reasons inform women’s reproductive decision-making. This paper aims to present the reasons women give for obtaining induced abortions in 14 countries.

Concepts: Reproduction, Female

35

We modeled the potential impact of novel male contraceptive methods on averting unintended pregnancies in the US, South Africa, and Nigeria.

Concepts: United States, International Monetary Fund

32

The Affordable Care Act requires most private health plans to cover contraceptive methods, services and counseling, without any out-of-pocket costs to patients; that requirement took effect for millions of Americans in January 2013.

Concepts: Birth control, Family planning, Sex education, Reimbursement, Federal

30

Physicians who provide abortion care are targets of stigma, harassment and violence. As a result, many providers do not speak openly about their work. We hypothesize that stigma and silence produce a vicious cycle: when abortion providers do not disclose their work in everyday encounters, their silence perpetuates a stereotype that abortion work is unusual or deviant, or that legitimate, mainstream doctors do not perform abortions. This contributes to marginalization of abortion providers within medicine and the ongoing targeting of providers for harassment and violence. This reinforces reluctance to disclose abortion work, and the cycle continues. We call this phenomenon a “legitimacy paradox.” The paradox is that although many highly trained, legitimate physicians provide abortion care, abortion providers continue to be depicted as illegitimate, deviant or substandard doctors. The legitimacy paradox has adverse consequences for abortion human resources, for women’s experiences of abortion care and for abortion law and policy.

Concepts: Physician, Abortion, Abortion law, History of abortion, Paternal rights and abortion

29

To examine the motivations and circumstances of individuals seeking information about self-abortion on the Internet.

Concepts: Web search engine, World Wide Web, Internet, Usenet, Linux, MySpace, Instant messaging, Stanford University