SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Clinics in orthopedic surgery

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Athletes usually complain of an ongoing or chronic pain over the Achilles tendon, but recently even non-athletes are experiencing the same kind of pain which affects their daily activities. Achilles tendinosis refers to a degenerative process of the tendon without histologic or clinical signs of intratendinous inflammation. Treatment is based on whether to stimulate or prevent neovascularization. Thus, until now, there is no consensus as to the best treatment for this condition. This paper aims to review the common ways of treating this condition from the conservative to the surgical options.

Concepts: Medicine, Pain, Chronic pain, Tendon, Achilles tendon, Tendinosis

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Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is caused by a multitude of etiologic factors and is associated with collapse with a risk of hip arthroplasty in younger populations. A focus on early disease management with the use of stem cells was proposed as early as 1985 by the senior author (PH). We undertook a systematic review of the medical literature to examine the progress in cell therapy during the last 30 years for the treatment of early stage osteonecrosis.

Concepts: Medicine, Cell division, Stem cell, Hip replacement, Hip, Avascular necrosis, Osteochondritis dissecans, Femur head

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Recently, patients with shoulder pain have increased rapidly. Of all shoulder disorders, rotator cuff tears (RCTs) are most prevalent in the middle-aged and older adults, which is the primary reason for shoulder surgery in the population. Some authors have reported that up to 30% of total RCTs can be classified as irreparable due to the massive tear size and severe muscle atrophy. In this review article, we provide an overview of treatment methods for irreparable massive RCTs and discuss proper surgical strategies for RCTs that require operative management.

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Although distal radius fractures (DRF) are common fractures, intra-articular comminuted DRF with volar free fragments are uncommon. There is considerable difficulty in the fixation of free fragments beyond the watershed line using the existing volar locking plate. We aimed to examine the efficacy and potential complications associated with the use of juxta-articular volar plates in intra-articular DRF accompanied by free fragments beyond the watershed line.

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Treatment of unstable clavicle fractures remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons, but the evolution of treatment strategies has allowed for reliable results with minimal complications. Although several surgical options exist, open reduction with plating remains the treatment of choice for clavicle fractures. The purpose of this study is to determine an easy way to achieve successful preplating reduction while minimizing surrounding soft tissue damage during treatment of midshaft fractures of the clavicle.

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Bone mineral density (BMD) is the indicator of bone quality in at-risk individuals. Along with the fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX), a quick assessment of BMD from routine radiographs may be useful in the case of lacking X-ray absorptiometry data. This study aimed to investigate the correlation of cortical thickness index (CTI) and canal flare index (CFI) with BMD and FRAX and to evaluate their ability to predict femoral neck BMD (nBMD) and FRAX in the general elderly population.

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Cortical suspensory femoral fixation is commonly performed for graft fixation to the femur in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring tendons. The purpose of this study was to compare graft healing in the femoral tunnel, implant-related failure, and clinical results between fixed- and adjustable-length loop devices in outside-in ACL reconstruction.

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Achieving neutral limb alignment during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been considered an important determinant in the long-term prosthesis survival. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the immediate postoperative mechanical alignment of the lower limb and the rate of revision TKA by comparing an acceptable mechanical axis group (within ± 3° from neutral alignment) and an outlier group (> 3° deviation from neutral alignment).

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Periprosthetic fractures around a total knee replacement (TKR) can be complex and difficult to manage, requiring the surgical expertise of the trauma and arthroplasty surgeon. There are a number of treatment modalities available, each with their own merits and limitations. As data on tumor prosthesis revision in periprosthetic fractures is sparse, this study aims to evaluate the results of revision using a tumor prosthesis and compare them with those of fixation using a locking plate in periprosthetic fractures after TKR.

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The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) and identify the factors that affect PFOA development after single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring autograft. We hypothesized that detecting these factors could be helpful in establishment of a rehabilitation strategy to focus on the modifiable factors.