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Journal: Clinics in orthopedic surgery


The aim of this study was to determine if there were significant differences in glenohumeral joint morphology between North American and East Asian populations that may influence sizing and selection of shoulder arthroplasty systems.

Concepts: Asia, Joints, Shoulder, North America, Asian American, Deltoid muscle, Glenohumeral joint


Athletes usually complain of an ongoing or chronic pain over the Achilles tendon, but recently even non-athletes are experiencing the same kind of pain which affects their daily activities. Achilles tendinosis refers to a degenerative process of the tendon without histologic or clinical signs of intratendinous inflammation. Treatment is based on whether to stimulate or prevent neovascularization. Thus, until now, there is no consensus as to the best treatment for this condition. This paper aims to review the common ways of treating this condition from the conservative to the surgical options.

Concepts: Medicine, Pain, Chronic pain, Tendon, Achilles tendon, Tendinosis


Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is caused by a multitude of etiologic factors and is associated with collapse with a risk of hip arthroplasty in younger populations. A focus on early disease management with the use of stem cells was proposed as early as 1985 by the senior author (PH). We undertook a systematic review of the medical literature to examine the progress in cell therapy during the last 30 years for the treatment of early stage osteonecrosis.

Concepts: Medicine, Cell division, Stem cell, Hip replacement, Hip, Avascular necrosis, Osteochondritis dissecans, Femur head


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used in clinic for approximately 20 years. During this period, various new populations of MSCs have been found or manipulated. However, their characters and relative strength for bone regeneration have not been well known. For a comprehensive understanding of MSCs, we reviewed the literature on the multipotent cells ranging from the definition to the current research progress for bone regeneration. Based on our literature review, bone marrow MSCs have been most widely studied and utilized in clinical settings. Among other populations of MSCs, adipose-derived MSCs and perivascular MSCs might be potential candidates for bone regeneration, whose efficacy and safety still require further investigation.


Displaced anterior column fractures have increasingly been treated surgically by the ilioinguinal approach and fixation with lag screws and a buttress plate on the pelvic brim. However, a major disadvantage of the ilioinguinal approach is possible damage to the neurovascular bundle and the lymphatic structures in the intermediate part of the approach. This study aims to present a novel surgical technique of the less invasive anterior iliac approach and compression osteosynthesis for high anterior column fractures of the acetabulum.


Our goal was to determine whether postoperative delirium is associated with inpatient complication rates after primary elective total hip arthroplasty (THA).


We evaluated the radiological and clinical results of reduction using a dynamic hip screw according to the grade of medial cortical support in patients with AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification type 31-A2 pertrochanteric fractures.


Although satisfactory mid- to long-term results of rotational acetabular osteotomy for early osteoarthritis secondary to acetabular dysplasia have been reported, there is still controversy about the long-term effects of this surgery in more advanced osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the radiographic progression of osteoarthritic changes after rotational acetabular osteotomy in acetabular dysplasia according to the preoperative Tönnis grade and evaluate its effects after minimum 10-year follow-up.


Mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament is a rare pathological entity. Several authors have identified this condition, described their experiences, and suggested their own guidelines for management. The aim of this study was to detail the clinical, radiological, arthroscopic, and pathological findings of mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament and report the clinical outcomes following arthroscopic treatment.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA) in obese patients.