SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Clinics in orthopedic surgery

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Athletes usually complain of an ongoing or chronic pain over the Achilles tendon, but recently even non-athletes are experiencing the same kind of pain which affects their daily activities. Achilles tendinosis refers to a degenerative process of the tendon without histologic or clinical signs of intratendinous inflammation. Treatment is based on whether to stimulate or prevent neovascularization. Thus, until now, there is no consensus as to the best treatment for this condition. This paper aims to review the common ways of treating this condition from the conservative to the surgical options.

Concepts: Medicine, Pain, Chronic pain, Tendon, Achilles tendon, Tendinosis

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Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is caused by a multitude of etiologic factors and is associated with collapse with a risk of hip arthroplasty in younger populations. A focus on early disease management with the use of stem cells was proposed as early as 1985 by the senior author (PH). We undertook a systematic review of the medical literature to examine the progress in cell therapy during the last 30 years for the treatment of early stage osteonecrosis.

Concepts: Medicine, Cell division, Stem cell, Hip replacement, Hip, Avascular necrosis, Osteochondritis dissecans, Femur head

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In a previous study, we reported clinical and radiographic results of our modified Salter innominate osteotomy technique in 16 hips affected by Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) with an average follow-up of 31.8 months. In this study, we present the long-term results of the osteotomy in LCPD patients followed until physeal closure.

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors associated with the risk of articular surface perforation during anchor placement for arthroscopic acetabular labral repair using follow-up computed tomographic arthrography (CTA).

Concepts: Skeletal system

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We investigated whether the calcar femorale, a cortical septum in the region of the lesser trochanter of the femur, correlates with results of femoral stem implantation in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip secondary to developmental dysplasia using computed tomography.

Concepts: Femur, Bones of the lower limb, Lesser trochanter, Greater trochanter

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The incidence of hip fractures has been reported to vary geographically, and its trend has also varied widely. However, the trend in the age-adjusted incidence of hip fractures has not been well studied in Korea. After we identified eligible studies presenting multiple age-adjusted incidences of hip fractures in the Korean population in PubMed, we evaluated changes in the absolute number of occurrence and calculated the annual percentage change (APC) of age-adjusted incidences of hip fractures.

Concepts: Japan, South Korea, Seoul, Korea, North Korea, Korean language, Korean Peninsula, Korea under Japanese rule

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This study aimed to compare stability, functional outcome, and second-look arthroscopic findings after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction between remnant-preserving tibialis tendon allograft and remnant-sacrificing hamstring tendon autograft.

Concepts: Knee, Anterior cruciate ligament, Ligament, Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Cruciate ligament

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This study was designed to evaluate predictors of good outcomes following medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in Asian patients.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and analgesic efficacy of polmacoxib 2 mg versus placebo in a superiority comparison or versus celecoxib 200 mg in a noninferiority comparison in patients with osteoarthritis (OA).

Concepts: Clinical trial, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Celecoxib, Rofecoxib

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The tibial cut referenced to the center of the intercondylar eminence often leads to varus malalignment in the presence of preexisting proximal tibia vara. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lateralization of the lateral tibial plateau reference point (based on the amount of proximal tibia vara) on the postoperative coronal plane alignment.

Concepts: Knee replacement, Reference