SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Clinical colorectal cancer

138

Köhne prognostic score is used to classify patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) as high, intermediate, or low risk. Using data from 2 phase III trials, we analyzed survival in patients categorized according to Köhne prognostic category and virus-induced rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) mutation.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Lung cancer, Taxonomy, Colorectal cancer, Types of cancer, Oncogene

137

The objective of the present phase I study was to define the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of irinotecan, capecitabine, and oxaliplatin given in combination (IXO regimen) to patients with previously untreated, unresectable advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC).

28

To compare the efficacy and safety of pharmacokinetically (PK) guided fluorouracil (5-FU) dose adjustment vs. standard body-surface-area (BSA) dosing in a FOLFOX (folinic acid, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin) regimen in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

Concepts: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Colorectal cancer, Pancreatic cancer, Oxaliplatin, Basal cell carcinoma, FOLFOX, Capecitabine

20

A multitarget stool DNA (mt-sDNA) test was recently approved for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening for men and women, aged ≥ 50 years, at average risk of CRC. The guidelines currently recommend a 3-year interval for mt-sDNA testing in the absence of empirical data. We used clinical effectiveness modeling to project decreases in CRC incidence and related mortality associated with mt-sDNA screening to help inform interval setting.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Clinical trial, Cancer, Medical statistics, Effectiveness, Colorectal cancer, Interval finite element, Order theory

10

The effects of advancing age on clinical outcomes after radioembolization (RE) in patients with unresectable liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) are largely unknown.

Concepts: Cancer, Death, Effectiveness, Colorectal cancer, Ageing

3

Multidrug regimens are active against advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC). However, the increased toxicity requires the use of biomarkers to select the patients who will derive the most benefit. We assessed circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as a prognostic biomarker in patients treated with a 4-drug regimen.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Cancer, Oncology, Colorectal cancer, Benign tumor, Tumor, Neoplasm, Biomarker

2

The primary tumor location has a prognostic impact in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We report the results from retrospective analyses assessing the effect of tumor location on prognosis and efficacy of second- and later-line panitumumab treatment in patients with RAS wild-type (WT) mCRC and on prognosis in all lines of treatment in patients with RAS mutant (MT) mCRC.

1

Preoperative radiotherapy (RT) plays an important role in the management of locally advanced rectal cancer (RC). Tumor regression after RT shows marked variability, and robust molecular methods are needed to help predict likely response. The aim of this study was to review the current published literature and use Gene Ontology (GO) analysis to define key molecular biomarkers governing radiation response in RC. A systematic review of electronic bibliographic databases (Medline, Embase) was performed for original articles published between 2000 and 2015. Biomarkers were then classified according to biological function and incorporated into a hierarchical GO tree. Both significant and nonsignificant results were included in the analysis. Significance was binarized on the basis of univariate and multivariate statistics. Significance scores were calculated for each biological domain (or node), and a direct acyclic graph was generated for intuitive mapping of biological pathways and markers involved in RC radiation response. Seventy-two individual biomarkers across 74 studies were identified. On highest-order classification, molecular biomarkers falling within the domains of response to stress, cellular metabolism, and pathways inhibiting apoptosis were found to be the most influential in predicting radiosensitivity. Homogenizing biomarker data from original articles using controlled GO terminology demonstrated that cellular mechanisms of response to RT in RC-in particular the metabolic response to RT-may hold promise in developing radiotherapeutic biomarkers to help predict, and in the future modulate, radiation response.

0

Previous small retrospective studies have suggested a benefit, mainly in preventing local recurrence, for postoperative radiation in nonmetastatic pathologic stage T4 colon cancers in patients who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy. Current guidelines recommend postoperative radiation in nonmetastatic T4 colon cancers with penetration to a fixed structure, as well as for all patients with positive surgical margins. We aimed to assess the survival benefit of postoperative radiation in individuals with T4 colon cancers who received adjuvant chemotherapy.

0

Initial treatment with either neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) or induction FOLFOX (5-Fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) chemotherapy followed by CRT is considered standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. We compared patient-reported outcomes (PRO) during CRT in patients who had received induction chemotherapy versus those who did not.