SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Clinical and experimental otorhinolaryngology

168

Spontaneous nystagmus, which has been considered a typical sign of acute vestibulopathy, has recently been reported in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the lateral semicircular canals (LC-BPPV) without unilateral vestibulopathy (pseudo-spontaneous nystagmus, PSN), but research about its clinical application is still limited. Here we investigate the frequency and characteristics of PSN in LC-BPPV patients, and estimate its prognostic value.

Concepts: Medical terms, Semicircular canal, Prognosis, Ear, Canal, Pathologic nystagmus, Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Horizontal semicircular canal

164

The clinical features of various facial deformities in Korean leprosy patients were evaluated according to the type of leprosy.

Concepts: According to Jim, Leprosy

0

Clusterin (CLU) is known as apolipoprotein J, and has three isoforms with different biological functions. CLU is associated with various diseases such as Alzheimer disease, atherosclerosis, and some malignancies. Recent studies report an association of CLU with inflammation and immune response in inflammatory airway diseases. However, the effect of CLU on mucin secretion of airway epithelial cells has not yet been understood. Therefore, the effect and brief signaling pathway of CLU on MUC5AC (as a major secreted mucin) expression were investigated in human airway epithelial cells.

Concepts: Immune system, Inflammation, Cancer, Disease, Organism, Cytosol, Cell biology, Endothelium

0

This study analyzed short-term prognosis in patients with acute low frequency hearing loss (ALHL), and also investigate hearing recovery rates in patients with ALHL accompanied vertigo.

Concepts: Cochlear implant, Ear, Tinnitus

0

Nicotine has various adverse effects including negative impacts associated with maternal exposure. In the current study, we examined nicotine-induced damage of hair cells and embryotoxicity during zebrafish development.

Concepts: Protein, 2000s music groups

0

Growth of vestibular schwannomas (VS) causes progressive vestibular symptoms and postural instability. Since the tumor grows slowly, compensation of decaying vestibular input may decrease subjective symptoms of dizziness. This study aims to estimate the relationship of subjective vestibular symptoms and objective postural instability in patients with VS.

Concepts: Neurology, Vestibular system, Objective pronoun, Vestibular schwannoma, Schwannoma, Balance disorder

0

Our aim was to present our endoscope-assisted cochlear implantation (CI) technique, in which the middle ear landmarks were identified through the facial recess exposure by using an endoscopic view without elevating the tympanic annulus. The secondary goal was to assess whether the situation of difficult surgical exposure could be predicted by evaluating preoperative axial computed tomography (CT) examinations.

Concepts: School terminology, Auditory system, Cochlear implant, Sensorineural hearing loss, Inner ear

0

The aim of this prospective clinical study was to measure the audiologic outcomes of the patients that underwent endoscopic transcanal cartilage tympanoplasty, and to investigate the effects on cochlear function.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Medical statistics, Effect, Effectiveness, Cochlea, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical research, Effects unit

0

The number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) and the ratio between the number of metastatic LNs and the total number of retrieved LNs (the LN ratio [LNR]) have been proposed as risk factors for recurrence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the significance of the number of LNs and the LNR in patients with clinically node negative PTC has not been clearly determined. The purpose of this study is to evaluate their significance.

0

Local administration of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) to the inner ear induces sensorineural hearing loss. Several studies have shown the otoprotective effects of ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761. Moreover, EGb 761 has been reported to activate Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). The present study was designed to investigate whether EGb 761 prevents 3-NPinduced sensorineural hearing loss and determine its effects on the expression of SIRT1.

Concepts: Ear, Tinnitus, Ginkgo biloba, Sirtuin 1