SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Clinical and experimental otorhinolaryngology

168

Spontaneous nystagmus, which has been considered a typical sign of acute vestibulopathy, has recently been reported in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the lateral semicircular canals (LC-BPPV) without unilateral vestibulopathy (pseudo-spontaneous nystagmus, PSN), but research about its clinical application is still limited. Here we investigate the frequency and characteristics of PSN in LC-BPPV patients, and estimate its prognostic value.

Concepts: Medical terms, Semicircular canal, Prognosis, Ear, Canal, Pathologic nystagmus, Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Horizontal semicircular canal

164

The clinical features of various facial deformities in Korean leprosy patients were evaluated according to the type of leprosy.

Concepts: According to Jim, Leprosy

0

An assessment of the effects of ginger on pain, nausea, vomiting, bleeding, and wound site healing that occur after tonsillectomy.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Effect, Effectiveness, ClinicalTrials.gov, Nausea, Morning sickness

0

The earwax (cerumen) that covers external auditory canal (EAC) skin contains a mixture of ceruminous and sebaceous gland substances, such as lipids, peptides, and proteins. The components secreted from the ceruminous gland that is a modified sweat gland form cerumen and contain several antimicrobial factors. Since substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), known as a secretagogue, have been found in sweat glands, our purpose was to determine the expression of SP and CGRP in the glands of EAC skin.

Concepts: Protein, Calcitonin, Calcitonin gene-related peptide, Exocrine gland, Glands, Exocrine system, Sebaceous gland, Earwax

0

Nasal packing after endoscopic sinus surgery is frequently used to control postoperative bleeding, enhance the wound healing process, and prevent lateralization of the middle turbinate, which causes insufficient ventilation. Many biodegradable materials have been developed to reduce pain and mucosal damage during packing removal. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Guardcel (Genewel Co.) middle meatal packing with a traditional nonabsorbable middle meatal packing, Merocel (Medtronic Xomed), on wound healing and patient satisfaction.

Concepts: Scar, Wound healing, Healing, Randomized controlled trial, Wound, Traumatology, Chronic wound, Jimmy Eat World

0

Patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) theoretically have difficulty producing voiceless consonants. However, perceptual studies have revealed clear production of voiceless consonants with good articulation scores in nontracheostomized patients. The purpose of this study was to clarify the production of voiceless stops during articulation in patients with BVFP compared to normal speakers.

Concepts: Human voice, Larynx, Phonation, Vocal folds, International Phonetic Alphabet, Phonetics, Cultural studies, Stop consonant

0

To investigate the expression of prostaglandin E2 receptor subtypes, E-prostanoid (EP) 1-4 receptors, in acquired cholesteatoma and its possible role in the pathologic process of this disorder.

Concepts: Hormone, Receptor, Prostaglandin E2, Prostaglandin E2 receptor

0

The aim of this study was to evaluate and report the long-term results of the butterfly cartilage tympanoplasty. Short-term and long-term hearing outcomes were compared according to age and perforation location as well.

0

It is well known that allergic rhinitis (AR) has positive association with adenotonsillectomy. However, the impact of AR on symptom improvement after adenotonsillectomy is not well documented. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the effect of AR on the symptom improvement after adenotonsillectomy between AR and nonallergic patients.

Concepts: Allergy

0

Vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) refers to neurological causes of reduced or absent movement of one or both vocal folds. Bilateral BVFP is characterized by inspiratory dyspnea due to narrowing of the airway at the glottic level with both vocal folds assuming a paramedian position. The primary objective of intervention for BVFP is to relieve patients' dyspnea. Common clinical options for management include tracheostomy, arytenoidectomy and cordotomy. Other options that have been used with varying success include reinnervation techniques and botulinum toxin (Botox) injections into the vocal fold adductors. More recently, research has focused on neuromodulation, laryngeal pacing, gene therapy, and stem cell therapy. These newer approaches have the potential advantage of avoiding damage to the voicing mechanism of the larynx with an added goal of restoring some physiologic movement of the affected vocal folds. However, clinical data are scarce for these new treatment options (i.e., reinnervation and pacing), so more investigative work is needed. These areas of research are expected to provide dramatic improvements in the treatment of BVFP.

Concepts: Stem cell, Human voice, Larynx, Phonation, Vocal folds, Phonetics, Botulinum toxin, Botulism