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Journal: Cardiovascular revascularization medicine : including molecular interventions


The EucaTax stent (EUPES) is a coronary stent with biodegradable polymer and camouflage coating that has been developed to promote the complete elution of drugs and decrease the risk of late complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the double-coated EUPES in patients with stable angina versus sirolimus-eluting stent CYPHER (SES) with permanent polymer coating.

Concepts: Angina pectoris, Cardiology, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Stent, Drug-eluting stent, Coronary stent


The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of distal radial (DR) versus traditional radial (TR) approach during coronary angiography.


Chronic coronary total occlusions (CTO) are diagnosed in up to 20% of patients with coronary artery disease and have a detrimental effect on patients' quality of life and long-term prognosis. The exponential developments in CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) equipment, recanalization techniques, and operator expertise have been merged into the hybrid approach that represents a percutaneous revascularization algorithm for treating CTOs and has led to technical success over 90% at experienced centers. Therefore, patient selection for CTO PCI should be focused on anticipated patient benefit in terms of health status and long-term prognosis rather than coronary anatomic complexity.


Recurrent in-stent restenosis (R-ISR) refers to the re-occlusion of a successfully treated in-stent restenosis. Much of the present understanding of this condition stems from studies on in-stent restenosis, as literature on R-ISR is sparse. Compounded by multiple previous struts, narrower luminal diameters and worse patient profiles, R-ISR is a clinical challenge that demands urgent attention. Recent studies have explored various diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to identify and suitably manage R-ISR. In this review, we discuss our understanding of the risk factors, invasive and non-invasive imaging techniques, therapeutic options and gaps in present knowledge for the management of R-ISR.


Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion has been shown to be a safe and cost-effective treatment for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation with increased stroke and bleeding risk. Venous system might be occluded from prior procedures or have structural abnormalities. Herein, we present a successful WATCHMAN device implantation in a patient with inferior vena cava filter thrombosis and iliac vein occlusions.


Partner 2 and SURTAVI trials (mean STS score of 5.8 and 4.5) support extending TAVR into the intermediate risk group. We present our results of TAVR in a group with mean STS score of 2.9 and 2 year follow up.


Multiple randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that transradial intervention (TRI) improves clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with transfemoral intervention (TFI). However, chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have more procedure-related complications; TRI is frequently avoided for future creation of arteriovenous fistulas essential for hemodialysis. Therefore, limited information on TRI among CKD patients exists. We aimed to assess the impact of TRI on CKD patients.


Post myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare, but devastating complication which carries a poor prognosis if left untreated. Optimal therapy remains unclear and surgical repair is associated with high mortality.


Described is a complication of rescue left main coronary stenting due to threatened left main closure following a “valve in valve” TAVR procedure. Left main stent post dilatation with a NC Trek balloon was complicated by a failure to deflate the balloon. The patient spiraled into cardiogenic shock and was stabilized by an intra-aortic balloon pump. Attempts to withdraw the balloon resulted in shearing of the balloon off the shaft. Parallel wiring and sequential balloon dilatations allowed left main bifurcation stenting while crushing the inflated balloon underneath the stent’s struts. Follow up of 13 months was uneventful. The management of entrapped inflated coronary balloon is reviewed.


Increased comorbidities and a perceived high-bleeding risk often prevent the use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in female patients. However, more aggressive antiplatelet treatment would certainly offer additional outcome benefits in coronary artery disease, especially among diabetic patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the gender differences in high-residual on treatment platelet reactivity (HRPR) among diabetic patients treated with DAPT.