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Journal: Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers

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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Pathological complete response (pCR) is commonly used as a valid predictor of NCT long-term outcomes. Blood-based tumor biomarkers have the potential to predict response to NCT at early stage non-invasively. We believed plasma CCL5 could be a potential marker to predict NCT of LABC. Its efficiency and possible mechanism was studied in this work. Human Cytokine Antibody Microarray was applied to screen different cytokine concentration in plasma between low histological regression (Low-R) and high histological regression (High-R) patients. LABC patients were divided into two groups according to pathological reactivity. The concentration of plasma CCL5 in different groups was determined by ELISA analysis. CCK8 assay was performed to analyze epirubicin susceptibility of breast cancer cells. Transwell assay was performed to determine the effect of CCL5 on breast cancer cells' migration and invasion. qRT-PCR and western blot were used to verify the EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) markers in CCL5-treated and epirubicin-treated breast cancer cells. The concentration of plasma CCL5 of Low-R group was higher than High-R group before NCT. The plasma levels of CCL5 were significantly reduced after NCT in the group of high histological regression (High-R). Epirubicin susceptibility decreased in the breast cancer cells treated by recombinant CCL5. Migration and invasion were significantly enhanced in breast cancer cells treated by recombinant CCL5. E-cadherin expression was decreased whereas vimentin increased significantly in CCL5-treated breast cancer cells. The phosphorylation of ezrin in Y-567 and its downstream protein cortactin increased significantly in CCL5-treated breast cancer cells. Plasma CCL5 level could be a promised candidate to predict chemotherapy response of breast cancer. Plasma CCL5 plays an important role in EMT process of breast cancer.

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Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most common lethal cancer worldwide and lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG3) as a therapeutic target for cancers has been investigated. Herein, our study is to clarify the value of peripheral blood (PB) soluble LAG-3 (sLAG3) in GC.

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Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated as novel biomarkers for various types of cancers. The aim of the study is to identify serum miRNAs with potential in detecting gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA).

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Lymphoma is considered to be a kind of malignant tumour. Gene therapy and radiotherapy have been reported as treatment methods for head and neck lymphoma. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety for the treatment of head and neck lymphoma by a combination of recombinant adenovirus p53 (rAd-p53) and radiotherapy.

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Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Dysfunction of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancers, especially those with role in pluripotency, are approved by increasing evidence.

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Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy which is generally accompanied by lymph node metastasis.

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Cervical cancer (CC) is a common malignant tumor in the female reproductive system that is characterized by a high metastatic potential. LncRNA ANRIL has been found to be a cancer oncogene in multiple tumors. In our study, we altered the expression of ANRIL in CC cells and evaluated its ability on influencing proliferation, migration and invasion of CC cells and associated mechanism.

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Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most aggressive form of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

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Although up-regulation of EIF3B correlates with poor prognosis in carcinomas, the role of EIF3B in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is rarely known.

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MiRNAs regulated most genes expression, which were proved important in various tumors. In this study, we want to investigate miR-101 effect and molecular mechanism on pancreatic cancer (PC), the research about this was blank now. RT-PCR analysis showed that miR-101 expression was declined in PC. MTT assay found that miR-101 mimic suppressed cell viability, while suppressing miR-101 facilitated cell proliferation. Transwell assay showed that miR-101 mimic inhibited cell invasion, but promoted cell invasion by miR-101 inhibitor. With TargetScanHuman’s help, we verified STMN1 as a specific target of miR-101 and luciferase reporter assay was carried out to further confirm this discovery. STMN1 expression was reduced by miR-101 mimic and increased by miR-101 inhibitor. We next found that STMN1 was elevated in PC and its expression was negatively correlated with miR-101 expression. Furthermore, STMN1 siRNA curbed cell proliferation and invasion, which was opposite to miR-101 inhibitor effect on PC progression and STMN1 siRNA attenuated miR-101 inhibitor effect on cell proliferation and invasion. In conclusion, miR-101 inhibited PC cell proliferation and invasion via regulating STMN1, which provided a potential therapeutic for PC patients.