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Journal: Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers

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To analyze the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1A) and its correlation with clinical outcome in men with localized prostate cancer (PC) treated with dose escalation radiotherapy (RT) and androgen deprivation (AD).

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Ionizing radiation, Proton therapy, Chemotherapy, Prostate cancer, Radiation therapy, Hormonal therapy

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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Pathological complete response (pCR) is commonly used as a valid predictor of NCT long-term outcomes. Blood-based tumor biomarkers have the potential to predict response to NCT at early stage non-invasively. We believed plasma CCL5 could be a potential marker to predict NCT of LABC. Its efficiency and possible mechanism was studied in this work. Human Cytokine Antibody Microarray was applied to screen different cytokine concentration in plasma between low histological regression (Low-R) and high histological regression (High-R) patients. LABC patients were divided into two groups according to pathological reactivity. The concentration of plasma CCL5 in different groups was determined by ELISA analysis. CCK8 assay was performed to analyze epirubicin susceptibility of breast cancer cells. Transwell assay was performed to determine the effect of CCL5 on breast cancer cells' migration and invasion. qRT-PCR and western blot were used to verify the EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) markers in CCL5-treated and epirubicin-treated breast cancer cells. The concentration of plasma CCL5 of Low-R group was higher than High-R group before NCT. The plasma levels of CCL5 were significantly reduced after NCT in the group of high histological regression (High-R). Epirubicin susceptibility decreased in the breast cancer cells treated by recombinant CCL5. Migration and invasion were significantly enhanced in breast cancer cells treated by recombinant CCL5. E-cadherin expression was decreased whereas vimentin increased significantly in CCL5-treated breast cancer cells. The phosphorylation of ezrin in Y-567 and its downstream protein cortactin increased significantly in CCL5-treated breast cancer cells. Plasma CCL5 level could be a promised candidate to predict chemotherapy response of breast cancer. Plasma CCL5 plays an important role in EMT process of breast cancer.

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Hsp70 plays important role in the development and progression of cancer. Previously we described the association between serum Hsp70 levels and mortality of colorectal cancer.

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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a highly malignant and poorly differentiated bile duct cancer with an extremely poor prognosis, but the pathogenesis of CCA remains not well-known. Attention has been increasingly focused on long noncoding RNAs, which plays an important role in tumorigenesis. However, the roles of cancer specific lncRNA and its related competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNA) network in CCA remain elusive. In this study, we comprehensively integrated expression profiles, including data on mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs obtained from 36 CCA tissues and 9 normal tissues in The Cancer Genome Atlas. 1434 cancer specific lncRNAs, 68 miRNAs and 3538 mRNAs (|logFC|> 1, p< 0.05) were identified. Based on bioinformatics generated from miRcode, starBase, miRTarBase, TargetScan and miRDB, we constructed an lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network (ceRNA network) in CCA. We constructed the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network consisting of 206 molecules and 454 interactions. In addition, we used Cytoscape software to visualize the ceRNA network in WGCNA, 22 mRNA network modules were identified, five of which were significantly related to tumor grade and survival time. Moreover, three lncRNAs COL18A1-AS1, SLC6A1-AS1 and HULC were found to be significantly associated with overall survival. The present study provides novel insight for better understanding of lncRNA-related ceRNA network in CCA and useful resource for identifcation of novel biomarkers of CCA.

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Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) are involved in the occurrence and progression of human tumors including ovarian cancer (OC). Long noncoding RNA HOTTIP has been found to be involved in several human tumors development. However, the role of HOTTIP in OC remains large unknown. In the present study, our results observed that lncRNA HOTTIP expression levels were notably higher in ovarian cancer tissue samples compared to adjacent normal tissue samples. Increased lncRNA HOTTIP expression levels were significantly associated with advanced FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis of ovarian cancer patients. Survival plots analysis results showed high lncRNA HOTTIP expression levels in ovarian cancer patients showed a poor prognosis compared to patients with low lncRNA HOTTIP expression levels. Function assays showed that lncRNA HOTTIP knockdown in ovarian cancer cells decreased cell proliferation and cell invasion capacities. Furthermore, we demonstrated that inhibition of lncRNA HOTTIP suppressed Wnt/β-catenin signaling by downregulating β-catenin expression. Thus, these results suggest that aberrant HOTTIP expression level could serve as a promising biomarker for monitoring ovarian cancer and potential target of ovarian cancer treatment.

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Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most common lethal cancer worldwide and lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG3) as a therapeutic target for cancers has been investigated. Herein, our study is to clarify the value of peripheral blood (PB) soluble LAG-3 (sLAG3) in GC.

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Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated as novel biomarkers for various types of cancers. The aim of the study is to identify serum miRNAs with potential in detecting gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA).

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Lymphoma is considered to be a kind of malignant tumour. Gene therapy and radiotherapy have been reported as treatment methods for head and neck lymphoma. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety for the treatment of head and neck lymphoma by a combination of recombinant adenovirus p53 (rAd-p53) and radiotherapy.

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Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Dysfunction of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancers, especially those with role in pluripotency, are approved by increasing evidence.

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Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy which is generally accompanied by lymph node metastasis.