SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

72

The study objective was to test the utilization of a crosslinked, thiolated hyaluronic acid (CMHA-S) film for treating corneal chemical burns.

Concepts: Burn, Alkali

30

Burn scars remain a serious physical and psychological problem for the affected people. Clinical studies as well as basic scientific research have shown that medical needling can significantly increase the quality of burn scars with comparatively low risk and stress for the patient with regards to skin elasticity, moisture, erythema and transepidermal water loss. However, medical needling has no influence on repigmentation of large hypopigmented scars. The goal of this study is to evaluate whether two established methods - needling (for improvement of scar quality) and non-cultured autologous skin cell suspension (for repigmentation) - can be successfully combined. Twenty subjects with mean age of 33 years (6-60 years) with scars from deep second and third degree burns have been treated. The average treated surface area was 94cm(2) (15-250cm(2)) and was focused on prominent areas such as the face, neck, chest and arm. Percutaneous collagen induction or “medical needling” was performed using a roller covered with 3mm long needles. The roller is vertically, horizontally and diagonally rolled over the scar, inducing microtrauma. Then, non-cultured autologous skin cell suspension (NCASCS) was produced and applied using the ReNovaCell Autologous Cell Harvesting Device (Avita Medical), according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The patients were followed 12 months postoperatively. Pigmentation changes were measured objectively, as well as with patient and observer ratings. Patient satisfaction/preference was also obtained. Taken together, the pigmentation ratings and objective measures indicate individual improvement in 17 of the study participants. The melanin increases seen 12 months after NCASCS treatment are statistically significant. Medical needling in combination with NCASCS shows promise for repigmentation of burn cars.

Concepts: Statistics, Patient, Scar, Collagen, Organ, Skin, Epidermis, Burn

29

Accurate pain assessment is essential for proper analgesia during medical procedures in pediatric patients. The Faces, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability (FLACC) scale has previously been shown to be a valid and reliable tool for assessing pediatric procedural pain in research labs. However, no study has investigated how rater factors (gender, number of dressing changes performed/week, burn history, having children, nursing experience, stress at home/work) and patient factors (pain intensity) affect the accuracy of FLACC ratings for procedural pain when implemented by bedside care providers.

Concepts: Evaluation, Physician, Face, Rod Stewart, Small Faces

29

To describe the epidemiology of pediatric burn patients seen in U.S. emergency departments (EDs) and to determine factors associated with inter-facility transfer.

Concepts: Hospital, Physician

28

The administration of first aid in burns has been shown to have a significant influence on the ultimate severity of the burn. We wanted to assess in-hospital healthcare (HCW), and non-healthcare workers' (nHCW) knowledge of first aid in burns.

28

Legislation enacted to curb methamphetamine production has only temporarily succeeded. Experiencing a recent increase in burns as a result of the new one-pot method, we compared methamphetamine related burn patients who utilized the previous anhydrous ammonia method of production to current patients who largely used the new one-pot method of production.

Concepts: Ammonia, Iodine, Lithium, Methylamine

28

Acid burns are not very frequent, occupying between 3% and maximum 14% of all etiologies. They mostly occur at home or at work, however there has been an increase in publications outlining chemical burns where aggression is the cause of this burn. There is a different epidemiological profile between developed countries and developing ones. It seems an ongoing upsurge is occurring in the number of registered attacks within developing countries in recent years. A cross sectional retrospective review of attacks by acid was done in Bogota, Colombia from 1995 to the first trimester 2012. A cumulative number of 35 burn patients were registered during the study period. It is found that the main target, almost the unique target, of this attack are young women belonging to low socioeconomic status with low education degree and high dependence on her partner. The patient’s age mean was 22.7 years, ranging from 13 to 41 years. The physical and psychological scars were very severe.

Concepts: Patient, Socioeconomic status, Developed country, Developing country, Colombia, Burn, Cyprus, Chemical burn

28

The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms and patterns of antimicrobial resistance among the isolates obtained from burned patients with wound infections at a teaching hospital in Tehran, Iran. A total of 23 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates were collected from patients with burn wound infections between August 2009 and July 2010 from a hospital in Tehran. The susceptibility of these strains against 11 antimicrobial agents was determined by E-test according to the CLSI guidelines. All the resistant strains were then subjected to PCR assay for 28 distinct resistance genes. The most active antimicrobial agent was colistin with 100% sensitivity followed by gentamicin, amikacin and imipenem with 69.5%, 52.1% and 51.1% sensitivity, respectively. The most frequent resistance genes detected were bla(OXA-51-like) genes (n=23; 100%) that was intrinsic to A. baumannii isolates, gyrA (n=23; 100%), carO (n=23; 100%), tetA (n=22; 95.5%), tetB (n=15; 65.2%), intI (n=13; 56.5%) and PER (n=12; 52.1%), respectively. In order to make a proper choice of antibiotic for burn patients, it would be beneficial to physicians to identify drug resistance patterns in A. baumannii isolates.

Concepts: Microbiology, Nosocomial infection, Hospital, Antibiotic resistance, Pseudomonadales, Acinetobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter, Moraxellaceae

27

The healing of grafted areas after surgical treatment of deep burns frequently generates mutilating scars, and rises the risk of subsequent scar hypertrophy. Scar assessment based on clinical evaluation is inherently subjective, which stimulates search for objective means of evaluation.

Concepts: Scar, Wound healing, Collagen, Healing, Evaluation, Acne vulgaris, FN SCAR

27

Retrospective surveys of all hospitalized pediatric burns under the age of 15 years were conducted in 18 hospitals from 5 provinces and municipal cities of North China between 2001 and 2010. A total of 17770 patients were included in this study. The epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized pediatric burns and influencing factors of length of hospital stay and hospitalization cost were analyzed. In this study, children accounted for 43.57% of all hospitalized burns, with a gradually increasing trend (P=0.003). Among children hospitalized burns, the percentage of children younger than three years was 69.9%, with an upward trend (P<0.001). The ratio of male to female was 1.53:1. Scald burns accounted for 89.79% and 71.54% had burns of <10% total body surface area, with increasing trends (P≤0.001). The medians of length of hospital stay and hospitalization cost were eight days and 2469RMB yuan respectively. The most important factors affecting length of hospital stay and hospitalization cost were burned surface area, surgery and treatment outcome. Children under three years of age, boys and children with a small area of mild scald burns should be made the focus of childhood burn prevention. Improving the medical insurance system for children is urgently needed.

Concepts: Health insurance, Patient, Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Ratio, Children's hospital, Hospitals