Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: BMC anesthesiology


Delirium has become better studied, but is still only partially understood and significantly underestimated. There are some well-known risk factors, but little is known about the incidence of delirium in the diverse patient population of a post anesthesia care unit (PACU). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of delirium using the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (NU-DESC).

Concepts: Scientific method, Patient, Observational study, Sociology, Anesthesia, Knowledge, Cultural studies, Post anesthesia care unit


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) leading to increased mortality and morbidity. Urinary G1 cell cycle arrest proteins TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 have recently been suggested as sensitive biomarkers for early detection of AKI in critically ill patients. However, the precise role of urinary TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 in patients undergoing TAVI is unknown.

Concepts: Cell nucleus, Medical terms, Glucose, DNA replication


Noninvasive ventilation is used worldwide in many settings. Its effectiveness has been proven for common clinical conditions in critical care such as cardiogenic pulmonary edema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. Since the first pioneering studies of noninvasive ventilation in critical care in the late 1980s, thousands of studies and articles have been published on this topic. Interestingly, some aspects remain controversial (e.g. its use in de-novo hypoxemic respiratory failure, role of sedation, self-induced lung injury). Moreover, the role of NIV has recently been questioned and reconsidered in light of the recent reports of new techniques such as high-flow oxygen nasal therapy.

Concepts: Medicine, Pulmonology, Lung, Pneumonia, Pulmonary contusion, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Emphysema, Pulmonary edema


After cesarean delivery, analgesia is often incomplete and a multimodal approach to analgesia is necessary. Transverse abdominal plane (TAP) block has been advocated in this setting, yet no systematic description of the ultrasound anatomy in pregnant women exists in the literature. Therefore, we aimed to describe the sonographical features of relevant structures in pregnant women before and after elective cesarean.

Concepts: Childbirth, Obstetrics, Transversus abdominis muscle, Caesarean section, Transversus abdominis


Delirium is a common complication after cardiac surgery in older adult patients. However, risk factors and the influence of delirium on patient outcomes are not well established. We aimed to determine the incidence, predisposing and triggering factors of delirium following cardiac surgery.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Heart, Atrial fibrillation, Mitral valve, Mitral regurgitation, Mitral valve prolapse, Mitral stenosis


General anesthesia does not block central nervous processing of auditive information. Therefore, positive suggestions even given during surgery might have the potential to encourage well-being and recovery of patients. Aim of this review was to summarize the evidence on the efficacy of therapeutic suggestions under general anesthesia in adults undergoing surgery compared to an attention control (i.e. white noise).

Concepts: Medicine, Epidemiology, The Canon of Medicine, Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Randomized controlled trial, Anesthesia, Meta-analysis


With increasingly intensive treatments and population ageing, more people face complex treatment and care decisions. We explored patterns of the decision-making processes during critical care, and sources of conflict and resolution.

Concepts: Decision making, Population, Sociology, Conflict, Ethnography


Endotracheal intubation of patients with massive regurgitation represents a challenge in emergency airway management. Gastric contents tend to block suction catheters, and few treatment alternatives exist. Based on a technique that was successfully applied in our district, we wanted to examine if endotracheal intubation would be easier and quicker to perform when the patient is turned over to a semiprone position, as compared to the supine position.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Physician, Patience, Endotracheal tube, Monte Carlo method, Intubation


In trauma patients intubated in a physician-led pre-hospital trauma service we prospectively examined the rate of misplaced tracheal tubes, the presence and nature of gross airway contamination, and the value of ‘quick look’ airway assessment to identify patients with subsequent difficult laryngoscopy.

Concepts: Hospital, Mechanical ventilation, Physician, Endotracheal tube, Intubation, General anaesthesia


Preoperative frailty predicts adverse postoperative outcomes. Despite the advantages of incorporating frailty assessment into surgical settings, there is limited research on surgical healthcare professionals' use of frailty assessment for perioperative care.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Healthcare