SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Australian family physician

162

Case study A boy aged 6 years was referred to our clinic for evaluation of the presence of fair, thin hair on both of his elbows. This condition had first been observed when he was 2 years of age and the hair had subsequently increased in length and thickness (Figure 1). He had a history of asthma and was being treated by a paediatrician. His family medical record was otherwise unremarkable. This unusual hairiness was symmetrically distributed on the extensor surfaces of both proximal forearms and distal arms. The underlying skin showed no abnormalities. No hypertrichosis was found elsewhere and examination of teeth, skeleton and fingernails was also normal. No other morphological changes were noted. In addition, his height was appropriate for his age. No developmental, mental or physical impairment was observed. The blood cell count and general biochemistry, as well as thyroid and sexual hormonal profiles were all normal. Radiological examination, which was performed on the parents' request, was normal. The boy was diagnosed with hypertrichosis cubiti (HC), and shaving of the areas was recommended.

Concepts: Scientific method, Protein, Height, Hair, Hair follicle, Keratin, Facial hair, Long hair

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Pericarditis is an important diagnosis to consider, along with various other differential diagnoses, in a patient who presents with chest pain.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Medical terms, Diagnosis, Greek loanwords, Medical diagnosis, Differential diagnosis, Chest pain

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Pulmonary embolism is a common condition and can be the source of significant morbidity and mortality.

Concepts: Source

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Chest pain is a common presenting complaint in general practice. Serum troponin testing is an important clinical tool to help identify patients who present with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Medical terms, Acute coronary syndrome

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Diverticular disease and its spectrum of complications are increasingly encountered in the Australian population. Accurate management of patients before and after an acute episode entails extension beyond the acute event to include dietary advice and colonoscopy.

Concepts: Death, Medical terms, Colonoscopy, Australia, Acute accent

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General practitioners (GPs) are often the first health professional consulted in regard to eating disorders and their varied presentations. Given the prognostic significance of early detection of, and intervention for, such conditions, it is important that GPs feel confident to do so.

Concepts: Nutrition, General practitioner

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Longevity, the increase in the ageing population and a lifestyle of minimal physical activity come with a hefty price. Consequently, two diseases are increasingly becoming a concern for the welfare of patients and the health industry: osteoporosis and sarcopenia. These conditions are usually interrelated through several mechanisms and metabolic pathways, and comprise a syndrome called osteosarcopenia.

Concepts: Medicine, Metabolism, Demography, Population, Muscle, Gerontology, Aging, Aging-associated diseases

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance reduces mortality in at-risk people living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), but is difficult to achieve in practice. The objective of this study was to measure participation and adherence to liver cancer HCC surveillance in eligible patients in a community health centre, following support from the Integrated Hepatitis B Service (IHBS).

Concepts: Cancer, Cirrhosis, Hepatitis, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Jade Ribbon Campaign

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The objective of this article is to investigate patients' attitudes to the use of chaperones for intimate physical examinations (IPEs) in a sample of Australian general practices.

Concepts: Chaperone, Physical examination

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Erectile dysfunction is a common but often neglected condition. Prevalence increases with age, but is not insignificant in younger men.

Concepts: Erectile dysfunction