SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Annals of internal medicine

155

The relationship between coffee consumption and mortality in diverse European populations with variable coffee preparation methods is unclear.

Concepts: Cohort study, Cohort, Epidemiology, Demography, Coffee, Europe

143

Most smoking cessation guidelines advise quitting abruptly. However, many quit attempts involve gradual cessation. If gradual cessation is as successful, smokers can be advised to quit either way.

Concepts: Smoking cessation

138

Little is known about how physician time is allocated in ambulatory care.

Concepts: Allocation, Ambulatory care

125

Coffee consumption has been associated with reduced risk for death in prospective cohort studies; however, data in nonwhites are sparse.

Concepts: Demography, Actuarial science

105

Excessive sedentary time is ubiquitous in Western societies. Previous studies have relied on self-reporting to evaluate the total volume of sedentary time as a prognostic risk factor for mortality and have not examined whether the manner in which sedentary time is accrued (in short or long bouts) carries prognostic relevance.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Actuarial science, Sociology, Long, Western culture, Cold War, Short

102

The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain.

Concepts: Low back pain, Back pain, Medical terms, Chronic, Acute

101

The magnitude, consistency, and manner of association between sedentary time and outcomes independent of physical activity remain unclear.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Medical statistics, Systematic review, Actuarial science, Incidence, Meta-analysis, Prevalence

93

Few remedies effectively treat long-term pain and disability from knee osteoarthritis. Studies suggest that Tai Chi alleviates symptoms, but no trials have directly compared Tai Chi with standard therapies for osteoarthritis.

Concepts: Therapy

93

The Massachusetts 2006 health care reform has been called a model for the Affordable Care Act. The law attained near-universal insurance coverage and increased access to care. Its effect on population health is less clear.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Public health, Health insurance, Health, Demography, Insurance, Massachusetts health care reform

83

Low-carbohydrate diets are popular for weight loss, but their cardiovascular effects have not been well-studied, particularly in diverse populations.

Concepts: Nutrition, Randomized controlled trial, Low-carbohydrate diet