SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Age and ageing

234

screening tool of older people’s prescriptions (STOPP) and screening tool to alert to right treatment (START) criteria were first published in 2008. Due to an expanding therapeutics evidence base, updating of the criteria was required.

Concepts: Medical prescription

175

malnutrition is an important risk factor for poor outcome in patients recovering after hip fracture surgery. This study aimed to investigate the clinical, nutritional and rehabilitation effects of an oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) in an inpatient rehabilitation setting.

Concepts: Osteoporosis, Epidemiology, Hip fracture, The Canon of Medicine, Randomized controlled trial, Avicenna, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical research

174

to determine the impact of recently proposed age-specific alcohol consumption limits on the proportion and number of older people classified at risk of alcohol-related harm.

Concepts: Alcohol, Cross-sectional study, Cross-sectional analysis, Wine, Alcoholic beverage, Drinking culture

171

Introduction: sarcopenia is associated with adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of sarcopenia in community-dwelling older people in the UK using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) consensus definition. METHODS: we applied the EWGSOP definition to 103 community-dwelling men participating in the Hertfordshire Sarcopenia Study (HSS) using both the lowest third of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) lean mass (LM) and the lowest third of skin-fold-based fat-free mass (FFM) as markers of low muscle mass. We also used the FFM approach among 765 male and 1,022 female participants in the Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS). Body size, physical performance and self-reported health were compared in participants with and without sarcopenia. RESULTS: the prevalence of sarcopenia in HSS men (mean age 73 years) was 6.8% and 7.8% when using the lowest third of DXA LM and FFM, respectively. DXA LM and FFM were highly correlated (0.91, P< 0.001). The prevalence of sarcopenia among the HCS men and women (mean age 67 years) was 4.6% and 7.9%, respectively. HSS and HCS participants with sarcopenia were shorter, weighed less and had worse physical performance. HCS men and women with sarcopenia had poorer self-reported general health and physical functioning scores. CONCLUSIONS: this is one of the first studies to describe the prevalence of sarcopenia in UK community-dwelling older people. The EWGSOP consensus definition was of practical use for sarcopenia case finding. The next step is to use this consensus definition in other ageing cohorts and among older people in a range of health-care settings.

Concepts: Osteoporosis, Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, Muscle

171

fifteen percent of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) are elderly; they are less likely to have complications and more likely to have colonic disease.

Concepts: Death, Medical terms, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Colon, Colitis, Dietary fiber, Diarrhea

170

no research has investigated how older people’s use of NHS Direct, the 24-h telephone health advice and¬†information service in England and Wales, varies according to geographical location and deprivation.

Concepts: United Kingdom, England, Wales, Scotland, English law, Kingdom of England, England and Wales, Countries of the United Kingdom

120

the relationship between cognition and sexual activity in healthy older adults is under-researched. A limited amount of research in this area has shown that sexual activity is associated with better cognition in older men. The current study explores the possible mediating factors in this association in men and women, and attempts to provide an explanation in terms of physiological influences on cognitive function.

Concepts: Psychology, Sexual intercourse, Brain, Biology, Cognition, Mind, Human sexual behavior, Association of Ideas

64

UK Dementia Strategies prioritise fair access to mental and physical healthcare. We investigated whether there are inequalities by deprivation or gender in healthcare received by people with dementia, and compared healthcare received by people with and without dementia.

Concepts: United Kingdom, English language, German language, Anarchy in the U.K., Decolonization, Welsh language

57

there are no previous studies linking repeated heat exposure of sauna and the risk of memory diseases. We aimed to investigate whether frequency of sauna bathing is associated with risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Concepts: Alzheimer's disease, Neurology, Memory, Dementia, Semantic memory, Caregiving and dementia, Wandering, Sundowning

44

frailty is an especially problematic expression of population ageing. International guidelines recommend routine identification of frailty to provide evidence-based treatment, but currently available tools require additional resource.

Concepts: Health care, Demography, Population, Evidence-based medicine, Electronic health record, Medical informatics