SciCombinator

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Concept: Wittenoom, Western Australia

146

Asbestos is a harmful and exceptionally persistent natural material. Malignant mesothelioma (MM), an asbestos-related disease, is an insidious, lethal cancer that is poorly responsive to current treatments. Minimally invasive, specific, and sensitive biomarkers providing early and effective diagnosis in high-risk patients are urgently needed. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are endogenous, non-coding, small RNAs with established diagnostic value in cancer and pollution exposure. A systematic review and a qualitative meta-analysis were conducted to identify high-confidence miRNAs that can serve as biomarkers of asbestos exposure and MM.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Medical terms, MicroRNA, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia

132

Malignant mesothelioma caused by asbestos exposure has a long latency period. A ban on asbestos use may not be apparent in decreased incidence in the population until after several decades. The aim was to evaluate changes in the incidence of malignant mesothelioma, and the possible impact of the asbestos ban implemented in Iceland in 1983.

Concepts: Cancer, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia

121

Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a deadly cancer mainly caused by previous exposure to asbestos. With a latency period up to 50 years the incidence of MM is still increasing, even in countries that banned asbestos. Secondary prevention has been established to provide persons at risk regular health examinations. An earlier detection with tumor markers might improve therapeutic options. Previously, we have developed a new blood-based assay for the protein marker calretinin. Aim of this study was the verification of the assay in an independent study population and comparison with the established marker mesothelin.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Cancer, Oncology, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia, Calretinin

114

Malignant mesothelioma is closely associated to asbestos exposure. One such exposure may occur through contact with occupationally exposed household members and their belongings. This study examines the features of pleural mesothelioma attributable only to asbestos brought home by another family member.

Concepts: Cancer, Household, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Asbestos and the law, Trieste, Wittenoom, Western Australia

24

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential value of certain biomarkers in predicting the presence of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in individuals environmentally exposed to asbestos.

Concepts: Cancer, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia

22

To describe the incidence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) in Aboriginal people in Western Australia (WA) and determine the main routes of exposure to asbestos in this population.

Concepts: Cancer, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Indigenous Australians, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia

21

Malignant mesothelioma (MM) has distinct histological subtypes (epithelioid, sarcomatoid and biphasic) with variable behaviour and prognoses. It is well recognised that survival time varies with the histological subtype of MM. It is not known, however, if asbestos exposure characteristics (type of asbestos, degree of exposure) are associated with different histological subtypes.

Concepts: Cancer, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Type theory, Polymorphism in object-oriented programming, Data types, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia

18

Diffuse peritoneal malignant mesothelioma (DPM) is caused by exposure to asbestos. The medical literature has linked DPM primarily to high levels of asbestos exposure, in particular amosite. Controversy persists as to whether chrysotile is capable of causing DPM, especially when exposures are paraoccupational.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Peritoneal mesothelioma, Chrysotile, Wittenoom, Western Australia

3

Previous ecological spatial studies of malignant mesothelioma cases, mostly based on mortality data, lack reliable data on individual exposure to asbestos, thus failing to assess the contribution of different occupational and environmental sources in the determination of risk excess in specific areas. This study aims to identify territorial clusters of malignant mesothelioma through a Bayesian spatial analysis and to characterize them by the integrated use of asbestos exposure information retrieved from the Italian national mesothelioma registry (ReNaM).

Concepts: Cancer, Statistics, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia

1

The risk of malignant mesothelioma (MM) increases proportionally to the cumulative exposure, and to the 3rd or 4th power of time since first exposed, to asbestos. However, little is known about the risk of MM after more than 40 years since first exposure because most epidemiological studies do not have follow-up for sufficient periods of time.

Concepts: Cancer, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Asbestos and the law, Wittenoom, Western Australia