Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Westminster system


“The only amendment that didn’t get offered today … was that a legislator be in the room. Some places, some decisions do not belong to you. You can’t have them. You just can’t.” - Representative Sondy Pope (D-Cross Plains) speaking in opposition to Wisconsin Senate Bill 206 requiring even medically unnecessary ultrasound before abortion (June 13, 2013). Alicia Beltran is famous for her recent Kafka-esque pregnancy experience. She had stopped using painkillers and weaned herself off the antiaddiction medication. She provided full information to her health care provider. But instead of receiving prenatal care, she was ordered by . . .

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Medicine, Pregnancy, Abortion, Miscarriage, Westminster system, Legislatures


In May 2013 a new Assisted Dying Bill was tabled in the House of Lords and is currently scheduled for a second reading in May 2014. The Bill was informed by the report of the Commission on Assisted Dying which itself was informed by evidence presented by invited experts.This study aims to explore how the experts presenting evidence to the Commission on Assisted Dying conceptualised mental capacity for patients requesting assisted suicide and examine these concepts particularly in relation to the principles of the Mental Capacity Act 2005.

Concepts: Death, Educational psychology, Expert, Abstraction, Suicide, House of Lords, Expert witness, Westminster system


Senate Bill 1108 (SB-1108) allows adult citizens to carry concealed weapons without a permit and without completion of a training course. It is unclear whether the law creates a “deterrent factor” to criminals or whether it escalates gun-related violence. We hypothesized that the enactment of SB-1108 resulted in an increase in gun-related injuries and deaths (GRIDs) in southern Arizona.

Concepts: United States Congress, Law, Hilbert space, Statutory law, Concealed carry in the United States, Legislature, Bill, Westminster system


Objective. To assess antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) and strategies in California general acute care hospitals and to describe the effect of state legislation (Senate Bill 739) requiring hospitals to develop processes for evaluating the judicious use of antimicrobials. Design. Web-based survey of general acute care hospitals. Participants. All 422 general acute care hospital campuses in California were invited to participate. Results. Responses from 223 (53%) of California’s general acute care hospital campuses were included and were statistically representative of all acute care hospital campuses by region but not bed size or rurality. Community hospitals represented 73% of respondents. Fifty percent of hospitals described a current ASP and 30% reported planning an ASP; of these, 51% reported measuring outcomes. Twenty percent of hospitals reported no planned ASP or uncertainty whether an ASP existed and described barriers including staffing constraints (47%), lack of funding (42%), and lack of initiation of a formal proposal to start an ASP (42%). Of 135 responding hospitals, 22% reported that Senate Bill 739 influenced initiation of their ASP. Conclusions. Although many studies have been published that describe hospital-specific ASPs, most have been described within academic centers, and there are limited assessments of ASP strategies across hospital systems. Our study verifies that many ASPs exist in California, particularly in community settings where a scarcity of antimicrobial restriction was thought to exist. Additionally, Senate Bill 739 appears to have played a role in initiating many hospital ASPs, which supports the adoption of similar legislation in other states and nationally.

Concepts: Hospital, Evaluation, United States, United States Congress, Campus, Legislature, Westminster system, Legislatures


The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has accepted six amendments to the National Medical Commission Bill suggested by the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee (1). These amendments are: the proposed National Licentiate Examination has been replaced by a countrywide final MBBS examination called the National Exit Test (NEXT); the bridge course to train practitioners from AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) in modern medicine has been removed, and it has been left to individual states to take a decision about this; the percentage of seats in private medical training institutions under fee regulation has been increased from 40% to 50%; the number of nominees from the states and Union territories who are members of the Commission has been increased from three to six; the penalties for non-compliance with educational norms for colleges has been modified; and the punishment for practising modern medicine without qualification has been made imprisonment up to one year and a fine of Rs 5 lakh.

Concepts: Medicine, Ayurveda, Avicenna, Sociology, Alternative medicine, Prime minister, Cabinet, Westminster system


To report general practitioners' (GPs') views and experiences of an Enhanced Primary Care programme (EPCP) funded as part of the Prime Minister’s Challenge Fund (second wave) for England which aimed to extend patient access to primary care.

Concepts: General practitioner, Funding, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime minister, Cabinet, Westminster system, Government ministers


Optional scientific advice (SA) for the early benefit assessment of pharmaceuticals is offered by the German decision maker, the Federal Joint Committee (FJC). The aim of this study was to elicit manufacturers' experiences with the SA procedures offered by the FJC to date.

Concepts: Decision making, European Union, Republic, Germany, German language, Federal republic, Westminster system


State “Right to Try” laws, which allow terminally ill patients to seek investigational treatments under certain circumstances, have created pressure for Congress to follow up with a federal law. Though facing opposition from patient advocates and the drug industry, a bill passed by the Senate is now making its way to the House.

Concepts: United States, Illness, United States Congress, United States Constitution, Law, Law of the United States, United States Senate, Westminster system


Over the past several years, static has clouded the screen displaying telemedicine’s proper role in health care as musings, arguments, and litigation created a need for real clarity. Now that TMA and other stakeholders put their collective heads together, the picture should clear up significantly. On May 27, Gov. Greg Abbott signed Senate Bill 1107, which allows telemedicine practitioners in Texas to know their requirements when they serve patients via telephone or other audiovisual means.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Health, Illness, United States Congress, Health informatics, Bill, Westminster system


Teachers who have had special training to deal with pupils' mental health problems will make a ‘real difference to children’s lives’, the prime minister has said.

Concepts: Mathematics, Mental disorder, Integer, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime minister, Cabinet, Westminster system, Government ministers