SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Wang Hongwei

169

This interactive feature presents the case of a 24-year-old man with abnormal and agitated behavior. Test your diagnostic and therapeutic skills at NEJM.org.

Concepts: Psychology, Wang Hongwei, The Park

15

To evaluate whether off-patent prescription drugs at risk of sudden price increases or shortages in the United States are available from independent manufacturers approved in other well regulated settings around the world.

Concepts: Scientific method, Pharmacology, United States, United Arab Emirates, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Drugs, Wang Hongwei

11

Engaging the public as architects, rather than simply as subjects or objects, of the substantive content of interactive dialogue may help fulfill the democratic potential of public engagement.

Concepts: Cell, Cell division, Stem cell, Public library, Wang Hongwei, Socrates, The Park, Lemma

10

In the aftermath of the Ebola crisis, the global health community has a unique opportunity to reflect on the lessons learned and apply them to prepare the world for the next crisis. Part of that preparation will entail knowing, with greater precision, what the scale and scope of our specific global health challenges are and what resources are needed to address them. However, how can we know the magnitude of the challenge, and what resources are needed without knowing the current status of the world through accurate primary data? Once we know the current status, how can we decide on an intervention today with a predicted impact decades out if we cannot project into that future? Making a case for more investments will require not just better data generation and sharing but a whole new level of sophistication in our analytical capability-a fundamental shift in our thinking to set expectations to match the reality. In this current status of a distributed world, being transparent with our assumptions and specific with the case for investing in global health is a powerful approach to finding solutions to the problems that have plagued us for centuries.

Concepts: Future, Investment, CBC Radio One, Wang Hongwei

6

Pacing strategy plays a major role in sport performance. However, there is a dearth of knowledge concerning pacing during ultra-endurance sport events. The present case study investigated the pacing of an ultra-cyclist in a self-paced attempt to break the world record in 24-h road cycling and, with all the caveats and the limitations affecting a case report, could be useful in generating hypotheses and further studies about pacing dynamics during prolonged sport performances.

Concepts: Scientific method, Play, Wang Hongwei

5

Chronic conditions are the leading cause of disability throughout the world and the most expensive problem facing the health care systems. One such chronic condition is osteoarthritis (OA), a frequent cause of major disability.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Health economics, Medicine, Illness, Wang Hongwei, Jia Zhangke, Zhao Tao

4

While increasingly used for research, Twitter remains largely untapped as a source of data about housing. We explore the growth of social media and use of Twitter in health and social research, and question why housing researchers have avoided using Twitter to explore housing issues to date. We use the #characterbuildings campaign, initiated by an online media platform in New Zealand in 2014 to illustrate that Twitter can provide insights into housing as a public health and social problem. We find that Twitter users share details of problems with past and present homes on this public platform, and that this readily available data can contribute to the case for improving building quality as a means of promoting public health. Moreover, the way people responded to the request to share details about their housing experiences provides insight into how New Zealanders conceive of housing problems.

Concepts: Sociology, Research, New Zealand, Denmark, Problem, Wang Hongwei, Twitter, Insight

4

Type 1 diabetes can be identified by the presence of beta-cell autoantibodies that often arise in the first few years of life. The purpose of this perspective is to present the case for primary prevention of beta-cell autoimmunity and to provide a study design for its implementation in Europe.

Concepts: Immune system, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Autoimmune diseases, Design, Autoimmunity, Wang Hongwei

3

Fermented foods have been a well-established part of the human diet for thousands of years, without much of an appreciation for, or an understanding of, their underlying microbial functionality, until recently. The use of many organisms derived from these foods, and their applications in probiotics, have further illustrated their impact on gastrointestinal wellbeing and diseases affecting other sites in the body. However, despite the many benefits of fermented foods, their recommended consumption has not been widely translated to global inclusion in food guides. Here, we present the case for such inclusion, and challenge health authorities around the world to consider advocating for the many benefits of these foods.

Concepts: Health, Bacteria, Metabolism, Nutrition, Organism, Microbiology, Wang Hongwei, Pickling

3

The most recent strategic call to action of the World Health Organization sets the elimination of pediatric HIV as a goal. While recent efforts have focused on building infrastructure and ensuring access to high-quality treatment, we must now turn our focus to the behavior change needed to eliminate vertical transmission. We make the case for the application of concepts from the field of behavioral economics to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs to more effectively address demand-side issues of uptake and retention.

Concepts: AIDS, Infectious diseases, Tuberculosis, Strategic management, Motivation, World Health Organization, Vertical transmission, Wang Hongwei