SciCombinator

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Concept: Veneto

147

A new Italian earthworm morphologically close to the similarly large and anecic Eophila tellinii (Rosa, 1888) is described. Distribution of Eophila crodabepis sp. nov. extends over 750 km2 from East to West on the Asiago Plateau and Vittorio Veneto Hills, from North to South on mounts Belluno Prealps (Praderadego and Cesen), Asiago, Grappa and onto the Montello foothills. This range abuts that of Eophila tellinii in northern Friuli Venezia Giulia region. Known localities of both E. tellinii and E.crodabepis sp. nov. are mapped. mtDNA barcoding definitively separates the new western species from classical Eophila tellinii (Rosa, 1888).

Concepts: Italy, Veneto, Earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Alpine foothills, Foothills

28

The accumulation of heavy metals in freshwaters has direct consequences to man and ecosystem. Thus, in this study, the concentrations of mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic and chromium in organs of the predator European catfish (Silurus glanis) were investigated. Samples were collected annually in five sites covering the area of the Po River (North Italy) between 2007 and 2009. Metals were differently distributed in the various organs, the highest concentrations of Hg were found in muscle and liver, Cd in kidney, Pb in gill and liver, as in muscle, and of Cr in gill and liver. Our survey found Hg exceeding the Maximum Levels (MLs) of 0.5ppm in 18% of samples, while Pb and Cd were lower than the MLs set by European regulations in muscle tissues (1881/2006/EC and 629/2008/EC). Hg concentrations were significantly related to sampling stations studied, according to the presence of many industrial activities in the catchment area of Bormida and Tanaro Rivers. The finding that Hg did not fit food fish legislation limits indicated that S. glanis flesh might not be utilised for human consumption. A close monitoring of metals pollution is strongly recommended especially in piscivorous fish, cause their bioaccumulation capacity.

Concepts: Fish, Toxicology, Cadmium, Lead, Veneto, Heavy metal music, Chromium, Wels catfish

25

Aims. The first aim of this study is to compare involuntary admissions across the Veneto Region in Italy. The second aim is to explore the relation between mental health services provision, characteristics of population, individual factors and involuntary admissions. Methods. For 21 Mental Health Departments (MHDs) in the Veneto Region (Italy), the average population prevalence rate of involuntary admissions between 2000 and 2007 and the percentage of involuntary admissions were calculated. Chi-square tests for equality of proportions were used to test hypotheses. Variables at the individual, contextual and organisational levels were used in multiple regressions, with the involuntary admission data as dependent variables. Results. The average prevalence rate of involuntary commitment was 12.75 ranging from 1.96 to 27.59 across MHDs . About 75% of the involuntary admissions referred to psychotic patients, and almost half of patients were aged 25-44. Significant differences among MHDs emerged; higher percentages of involuntary admissions were generally found in densely populated areas. Higher ageing indices and rates of social workers were found as predictors of the prevalence rate. In the multilevel regression, being males and psychotic significantly increased involuntary admissions, while the percentage of singles in population decreased it. Conclusions. This study contributes to define the specific contribution of each factor predicting the use of involuntary admission, even within areas under the same legislation. It shows how the inclusion of both individual and contextual factors may lead to better predictions and provides precious data for the services improvement.

Concepts: Population, Prediction, Population density, Psychiatry, Veneto

19

The aim of this study was to describe the mortality of a cohort of asbestos-cement workers in the largest plant in the most industrialized Italian region (Lombardy).

Concepts: Italy, Veneto, Milan, Regions of Italy, Lombardy, Lega Nord, Lombards, Lombard language

10

West Nile virus lineage 2 (WNV-2) was mainly confined to sub-Saharan Africa until the early 2000s, when it was identified for the first time in Central Europe causing outbreaks of human and animal infection. The aim of this study was to reconstruct the origin and dispersion of WNV-2 in Central Europe and Italy on a phylodynamic and phylogeographical basis. To this aim, discrete and continuous space phylogeographical models were applied to a total of 33 newly characterised full-length viral genomes obtained from mosquitoes, birds and humans in Northern Italy in the years 2013-2015 aligned with 64 complete sequences isolated mainly in Europe. The European isolates segregated into two highly significant clades: a small one including three sequences and a large clade including the majority of isolates obtained in Central Europe since 2004. Discrete phylogeographical analysis showed that the most probable location of the root of the largest European clade was in Hungary a mean 12.78 years ago. The European clade bifurcated into two highly supported subclades: one including most of the Central/East European isolates and the other encompassing all of the isolates obtained in Greece. The continuous space phylogeographical analysis of the Italian clade showed that WNV-2 entered Italy in about 2008, probably by crossing the Adriatic sea and reaching a central area of the Po Valley. The epidemic then spread simultaneously eastward, to reach the region of the Po delta in 2013, and westward to the border area between Lombardy and Piedmont in 2014; later, the western strain changed direction southward, and reached the central area of the Po valley once again in 2015. Over a period of about seven years, the virus spread all over an area of northern Italy by following the Po river and its main tributaries.

Concepts: Germany, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Veneto, Slovenia, Milan, Croatia, Lombardy

2

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted pathogens. This observational study was conducted to estimate the trend of hospitalization for genital warts (GWs) in the Veneto region (Italy) from 2004 to 2015.

Concepts: Immune system, Human papillomavirus, Cervical cancer, Papillomavirus, HPV vaccine, Anal cancer, Veneto, Genital wart

2

In Italy, asbestos has been extensively used from 1945 to 1992. We evaluated the impact of exposure to asbestos on occurrence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) in the Lombardy Region, Northwest Italy, the most populated and industrialised Italian region.

Concepts: Cancer, Mesothelioma, Italy, Veneto, Milan, Regions of Italy, Lombardy, Lega Nord

2

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually-transmitted pathogens. A number of studies in the literature have estimated the burden of HPV-related diseases by collecting data at primary care level, while a comprehensive assessment of the global burden of HPV-related diseases on hospital resources is still lacking.

Concepts: Cancer, Human papillomavirus, Italy, Veneto, Venice, Venetian language, Verona, Vicenza

1

The European Union has an established mechanism which enables patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) to receive dialysis abroad, allowing them to benefit from the legal right to freedom of movement. The number of patients seeking dialysis abroad has increased in recent years and the Veneto Region of Italy, a major tourist destination, has made significant investment in providing tourist haemodialysis services.

Concepts: Chronic kidney disease, European Union, Human rights, Switzerland, Italy, Veneto, Tourism, Regions of Italy

1

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) for mortality based on information collected by the Multidimensional Assessment Schedule (SVaMA), the recommended standard tool for multidimensional assessment of community-dwelling older subjects in seven Italian regions. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling subjects older than 65 years who underwent an SVaMA evaluation from 2004 to 2010 in Padova Health District, Veneto, Italy. MEASUREMENTS: The MPI-SVaMA was calculated as a weighted (weights were derived from multivariate Cox regressions) linear combination of the following nine domains: age, sex, main diagnosis, and six scores, ie, the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, the Barthel index (contains two domains: activities of daily living and mobility), the Exton-Smith scale, the Nursing Care Needs, and the Social Network Support by a structured interview. Subjects were followed for a median of 2 years; those who had not died were followed for at least 1 year. The MPI-SVaMA score ranged from 0 to 1 and 3 grades of severity of the MPI-SVaMA were calculated on the basis of estimated cutoffs. Discriminatory power and calibration were further assessed. RESULTS: A total of 12,020 subjects (mean age 81.84 ± 7.97 years) were included. Two random cohorts were selected: (1) a development cohort, ie, 7876 subjects (mean age 81.79 ± 8.05, %females: 63.1) and (2) a validation cohort, ie, 4144 subjects (mean age: 81.95 ± 7.83, %females: 63.7). The discriminatory power for mortality of MPI-SVaMA was 0.828 (95% CI 0.817-0.838) and 0.832 (95% CI 0.818-0.845) at 1 month and 0.791 (95% CI 0.784-0.798) and 0.792 (95% CI 0.783-0.802) at 1 year in development and validation cohorts, respectively. MPI-SVaMA results were well calibrated showing lower than 10% differences between predicted and observed mortality, both in development and validation cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The MPI-SVaMA is an accurate and well-calibrated prognostic tool for mortality in community-dwelling older subjects, and can be used in clinical decision making.

Concepts: Cohort study, Clinical trial, Evaluation methods, Assessment, Linear algebra, Standard, Veneto, Barthel scale