SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Valve Corporation

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Reoperation for failing stentless aortic valve replacement is a technically demanding procedure that has traditionally been tackled in one of two ways: either root replacement or the more conservative option of implanting a stented valve within the valve. We sought to determine the relative operative risks, follow-up status and medium to long-term survival of these two methods.

Concepts: Derivative, Left ventricle, Aortic valve, Valve, Valve Corporation, Aortic valve replacement, Aortic insufficiency

18

Endobronchial valves (EBV) have been successfully used in patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema to improve lung physiology. Limited available data suggests that EBVs are also effective in homogeneous emphysema.

Concepts: Lung, Valve, Valve Corporation

4

Use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for severe aortic stenosis is growing rapidly. However, to our knowledge, the durability of these prostheses is incompletely defined.

Concepts: Left ventricle, Aortic valve, Valvular heart disease, Valve, Valve Corporation, Aortic valve stenosis, Aortic valve replacement, Aortic insufficiency

3

To reduce the possibility of secondary deterioration of spinal injuries, it is desirable to maintain the spinal immobilisation that is applied in the prehospital setting throughout computed tomography (CT) scanning. A previous study found that metallic components within the inflation valve of the vacuum mattresses caused CT artefacts. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of vacuum mattresses with plastic valves on CT artefacts, the radiation dose, and noise compared to a trauma transfer board and the spine boards currently used in our trauma system.

Concepts: Ionizing radiation, Aluminium, Physical trauma, Emergency medicine, Valve, Valve Corporation, The Spine, Board

2

Transcatheter valve-in-valve (VIV) implantation in small surgical tissue valves is challenged by the problem of residual stenosis. We report our first ten cases of fracturing small dysfunctional Mitroflow bioprostheses by high-pressure balloon dilatation to increase the internal diameter of the surgical valve before VIV (BF-VIV).

Concepts: Valve, Valve Corporation, Problem of evil

1

1

Early experience with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) within failed bioprosthetic surgical aortic valves has shown that valve-in-valve (VIV) TAVR is a feasible therapeutic option with acceptable acute procedural results.

Concepts: Surgery, Left ventricle, Aortic valve, Valve, Valve Corporation, Aortic valve replacement, Aortic insufficiency, Bicuspid aortic valve

1

Sex-related differences in morbidity and survival in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) adults are fundamentally unknown. Contemporary studies portend excellent survival for BAV patients identified at early echocardiographic-clinical stages. Whether BAV adults incur a survival disadvantage throughout subsequent echocardiographic-clinical stages remains undetermined.

Concepts: Sexual dimorphism, Sex, Left ventricle, Aortic valve, Valve, Valve Corporation, Aortic insufficiency, Bicuspid aortic valve

0

Pulmonary valve replacement is becoming the most frequent congenital heart surgery performed on adolescents and young adults. Numerous surgical options are available, including autologous pericardium, mechanical valves, allografts, and bioprosthetic valves. Each option has limitations with durability and freedom from reintervention for stenosis or insufficiency, particularly in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to analyze our uniquely designed, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) valved conduit (VC) for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction.

Concepts: Medicine, Heart, Surgery, Pulmonary artery, Right ventricle, Cardiothoracic surgery, Valve, Valve Corporation

0

Rapid deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) has emerged as an attractive alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement. This single-center study directly compared two commercially available rapid deployment valves with regard to clinical outcomes, valve-related complications, and hemodynamic performance.

Concepts: Left ventricle, Aortic valve, Valve, Valve Corporation, Aortic valve replacement, Aortic insufficiency, Bicuspid aortic valve