SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

170

PURPOSE: To directly compare the clinical effectiveness of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)-performed alone and in combination-for the treatment of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators designed and implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of patients with moderate to severe OSA (baseline AHI >15). The predictor variable was operative treatment and included MMA, UPPP, and MMA followed by UPPP (UPPP/MMA). The primary outcome variable was the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) measured preoperatively and 3 months to 6 months postoperatively. Other variables were grouped into the following categories: demographic, respiratory, and sleep parameters. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were computed. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 106 patients grouped as follows: MMA (n = 37), UPPP (n = 34), and UPPP/MMA (n = 35) for treatment of OSA. There were no significant differences between the 3 groups for the study variables at baseline, except for AHI. Surgical treatment resulted in a significant decrease in AHI in each group: MMA (baseline AHI, 56.3 ± 22.6 vs AHI after MMA, 11.4 ± 9.8; P < .0001), UPPP/MMA (baseline AHI, 55.7 ± 49.2 vs AHI after UPPP/MMA, 11.6 ± 10.7; P < .0001), and UPPP (baseline AHI, 41.8 ± 28.0 vs AHI after UPPP, 30.1 ± 27.5; P = .0057). After adjusting for differences in baseline AHI, the estimated mean change in AHI was significantly larger for MMA compared with UPPP (MMA AHI, -40.5 vs UPPP AHI, -19.4; P = < .0001). UPPP/MMA was no more effective than MMA (P = .684). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that MMA should be the surgical treatment option of choice for most patients with moderate to severe OSA who are unable to adequately adhere to CPAP.

Concepts: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Hypopnea, Clinical trial, Cohort study, Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea

28

Flexible optic laryngoscopy (FOL) allows us to visualize the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-related airway passages. Retropalatal region is a part of upper airway contributing to the OSA. We aimed to demonstrate the changes in the retropalatal surface area (RPSA) after submucosal uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (smUPPP) in an attempt to exhibit enlargement as a predictor of surgical treatment. It is a prospective, case-control study and conducted at the Otolaryngology department in a university hospital. Twenty patients with OSA who underwent smUPPP were prospectively evaluated. Pre and postoperative respiratory disturbance index (RDI) and RPSA measurements were studied. Retropalatal region videos were obtained at the base of uvula during FOL. Photographic images were captured at the same level of a virtual horizontal line passing through the base of uvula posteriorly to measure RPSAs using AutoCad2004. RDI levels, RPSA measurements were compared using paired t test. Twenty patients underwent smUPPP. There were 17 (85 %) male and 3 (15 %) female. The mean age was 37 years. The RPSA measurements were between 18.41 and 144.102 (mean 63.39) preoperatively. The RPSA measurements were between 83.784 and 255.463 (mean 143.87) postoperatively. The RPSA measurements were significantly enlarged postoperatively (p < 0.0005). The mean RPSA increased from 63.39 ± 29.3 to 143.82 ± 57.8. The mean RDI decreased from 22.95 ± 19.2 to 9.0 ± 8.2 (p = 0.011). RPSA increases in smUPPP patients postoperatively, evidencing enlarged retropalatal region. Decreased RDI levels indicate amelioration in OSA. RPSA measurements can be used to predict UPPP surgical treatment success.

Concepts: Case-control study, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Measurement, Hospital, Pulmonology, Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea

0

To investigate whether uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) improves sleep quality in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) using the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ) and the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire (KSQ).

Concepts: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Abnormal respiration, Randomized controlled trial, Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea

0

To verify the short-time remolding of upper airway in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep disordered breathing after Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP).

Concepts: Obstructive sleep apnea, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

0

(1) Determine the rate of postoperative complications, reoperation, readmission, and death after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) for sleep apnea through multi-institutional clinical data. (2) Compare outcomes of UPPP between multilevel and single-level procedures for the treatment of sleep apnea.

Concepts: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Sleep apnea

0

Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) remains one of the most common surgical treatments for patients with obstructive sleep apnea. However, the results after UPPP are unpredictable. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to identify predictors of success after UPPP.

Concepts: Prediction, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Abnormal respiration, Obstructive sleep apnea, Sleep apnea

0

The efficacy of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) can be achieved without application of an apposition suture of the palatopharyngeal arch and the palatoglossal arch.

Concepts: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

0

This study evaluates the outcomes of multilevel surgery for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS) (i.e., posterior glossectomy and limited lateral pharyngectomy) with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP).

Concepts: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Abnormal respiration, Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea

0

BACKGROUND Adequate sedation is important in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) to ensure patient comfort and decrease the duration of mechanical ventilation (MV), PACU stay, and bleeding. This study aimed to compare dexmedetomidine and propofol as sedatives after UPPP in the PACU. MATERIAL AND METHODS We randomized 124 mechanically ventilated adults following UPPP who were managed in the PACU of the General Hospital of the Shenyang Military Region between January 2014 and June 2014, to receive either dexmedetomidine or propofol. The patients in the propofol group received an infusion of propofol (3 mg/kg/h) titrated up to 6 mg/kg/h to attain a Ramsay sedation score ≥4. The dexmedetomidine group patients received 1.0 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine over a period of 10 minutes and then 0.5 to 1.0 μg/kg/h infusion to maintain a Ramsay sedation score ≥4. RESULTS Bispectral index (BIS) values were significantly lower in the dexmedetomidine group than in the propofol group at Ramsay sedation scores of 4 and 5. The mean times to spontaneous breathing, waking, and extubation were shorter in the dexmedetomidine group. Tramadol requirement was significantly reduced in the dexmedetomidine group (P<0.05). Incidence of cough during the extubation process in the propofol group was higher than in the dexmedetomidine group. After extubation, Bruggemann comfort scale (BCS) and Rass agitation scores (RASS) were decreased in the dexmedetomidine-sedated patients. CONCLUSIONS Dexmedetomidine provides safe and effective sedation for post-UPPP surgical patients and significantly reduces the use of analgesics, with minimal adverse effects.

Concepts: Sedation, Scores, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Hospital, Morphine, Midazolam, Mechanical ventilation, Anesthesia

0

To determine if the use of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) and transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with improved outcomes and acceptable complication rates when compared to uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) with or without tonsillectomy (± T).

Concepts: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Abnormal respiration, Sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea