SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Universities and colleges

259

This interactive feature presents the case of an 18-year-old woman with a history of anorexia and depression who was found near her college campus in an unresponsive state. Test your diagnostic and therapeutic skills at NEJM.org.

Concepts: Hospital, University, Campus, Universities and colleges, Satellite campus

29

We examined student support for a policy that would allow carrying of concealed handguns on university campuses. Large percentages of students at 2 universities expressed very low levels of comfort with the idea of permitting concealed handgun carrying on campus, suggesting that students may not welcome less restrictive policies. Students held slightly different opinions about concealed handguns on and off campus, suggesting that they view the campus environment as unique with respect to concealed handgun carrying.

Concepts: University, Policy, Student, Campus, Public policy, Firearm, Universities and colleges, Handgun

26

College campus tobacco-free policies are an emerging trend. Between September 2013 and May 2014, we surveyed 1309 college students at 8 public 4-year institutions across California with a range of policies (smoke-free indoors only, designated outdoor smoking areas, smoke-free, and tobacco-free). Stronger policies were associated with fewer students reporting exposure to secondhand smoke or seeing someone smoke on campus. On tobacco-free college campuses, fewer students smoked and reported intention to smoke on campus. Strong majorities of students supported outdoor smoking restrictions across all policy types. Comprehensive tobacco-free policies are effective in reducing exposure to smoking and intention to smoke on campus. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print December 18, 2014: e1-e3. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302251).

Concepts: Smoking, Tobacco smoking, University, Campus, Universities and colleges, Satellite campus, Campuses

7

We investigated how the removal of bottled water along with a minimum healthy beverage requirement affected the purchasing behavior, healthiness of beverage choices, and consumption of calories and added sugars of university campus consumers.

Concepts: Health care, Health, Human, Nutrition, University, Bottled water, Campus, Universities and colleges

6

University campuses offer an opportunity to study the extent to which modifying the food environment influences eating, but in-depth characterizations of campus food environments are needed to identify potential targets for intervention. The objective of this project was to describe the availability, accessibility, and quality of healthful food choices in dining venues and food stores at or near a public, 4-year university in California.

Concepts: Nutrition, Eating, Food, University, Campus, Universities and colleges, Campuses

5

Abstract Objective: To assess the perceptions and practices of a national sample of college and university presidents regarding their support for concealed carry on college campuses. Participants: The sample for this study consisted of a national random sample of 900 college or university presidents. Methods: In the Spring of 2013, a 3-wave mailing procedure was used to ensure an adequate response rate to a valid and reliable questionnaire. Results: The response rate was 46%, more than what was needed based on the power analysis. The vast majority (95%) of respondents were not supportive of carrying concealed handguns on campuses. They perceived there to be more disadvantages than advantages to handguns on campus. However, college administrators were not focused enough on the primary prevention of campus firearm trauma. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest a number of activities that could be implemented to enhance safety on college and university campuses.

Concepts: Sampling, University, Campus, Firearm, Concealed carry in the United States, Universities and colleges, Satellite campus, Chancellor

4

Factors affecting non-suicidal self-injury cessation are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify differences between individuals with current and past non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in a large probability sample of university students using quantitative and qualitative methods. Predictors of psychological growth related following NSSI cessation were also examined.

Concepts: Psychology, Sampling, University, Qualitative research, Quantitative research, Student, Qualitative psychological research, Universities and colleges

4

Evidence suggests that interventions to engage bystanders in violence prevention increase bystander intentions and efficacy to intervene, yet the impact of such programs on violence remains unknown. This study compared rates of violence by type among undergraduate students attending a college campus with the Green Dot bystander intervention (n = 2,768) with students at two colleges without bystander programs (n = 4,258). Violent victimization rates were significantly (p < .01) lower among students attending the campus with Green Dot relative to the two comparison campuses. Violence perpetration rates were lower among males attending the intervention campus. Implications of these results for research and practice are discussed.

Concepts: University, Violence, Intervention, Higher education, Campus, Universities and colleges, Satellite campus, Bystander effect

3

We examined the efficacy of different methods (ie, in-class policy reading; in-class policy reading and discussion; no reading or discussion) to deliver campus sexual misconduct policy information to students on seven campuses.

Concepts: University, Student, Campus, Universities and colleges, Satellite campus, Misconduct, Sexual misconduct

2

Campus police and security personnel are often the first to respond to alcohol-related incidents on campus. The purpose of this study is to examine how campus law enforcement and security respond to alcohol-related incidents, and how consequences and communication differ based on characteristics of the incident.

Concepts: Police, Law enforcement, Universities and colleges, Law enforcement and society