SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: United States Department of Justice

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We assessed 12-month prevalence and incidence data on sexual victimization in 5 federal surveys that the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted independently in 2010 through 2012. We used these data to examine the prevailing assumption that men rarely experience sexual victimization. We concluded that federal surveys detect a high prevalence of sexual victimization among men-in many circumstances similar to the prevalence found among women. We identified factors that perpetuate misperceptions about men’s sexual victimization: reliance on traditional gender stereotypes, outdated and inconsistent definitions, and methodological sampling biases that exclude inmates. We recommend changes that move beyond regressive gender assumptions, which can harm both women and men.

Concepts: United States, Gender, Gender role, United States Department of Justice, Law enforcement agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, J. Edgar Hoover

7

The US federal government is spending billions of dollars in physician incentives to encourage the meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs). Although the use of EHRs has potential to improve patient health outcomes, the existing evidence has been limited and inconsistent.

Concepts: Hospital, President of the United States, Federal government of the United States, Electronic health record, United States Department of Justice, Personal health record

2

The US Federal Government is investing up to $29 billion in incentives for meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs). However, the effect of EHRs on ambulatory quality is unclear, with several large studies finding no effect.

Concepts: President of the United States, United States Congress, United States Constitution, Federal government of the United States, U.S. state, Electronic health record, United States Department of Justice

1

Using a nationwide sample of reported rape cases collected by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI; 389 victims; 89% stranger rapes), this study investigates assumptions about self-protective behaviors for rape victims. Past research on victim resistance strategies often specifies active resistance as self-protective, inadvertently underestimating the potential for biologically based reactions, such as tonic immobility, to be self-protective as well. Results confirm that rape victims who were verbally and physically immobile during the attack were less likely to be injured and have force used against them. In addition, victims who were verbally immobile suffered a less severe attack. The results indicate that immobility may protect the victim from increased injury, force, and severity of the attack. Implications for the legal and public definition of consent are discussed.

Concepts: Rape, United States Department of Justice, Terrorism, Victim, Law enforcement agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, J. Edgar Hoover

1

The grading of fingerprint quality by fingerprint examiners as currently practised is a subjective process. Therefore, an objective system was devised to remove the subjectivity. The devised grading system is quantitative and uses three separate, easily available, software packages to ultimately identify the portions of a fingerprint that correspond to low-, medium-, and high-quality definitive minutiae as defined on the Universal Latent Workstation of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Concepts: United States Department of Justice, Law enforcement agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, J. Edgar Hoover

0

In 2012/13, the Federal government of Nigeria approved the surveillance of salmonellae in commercial poultry farms with the aim of generating baseline data for the development of a control programme. That baseline provided an opportunity to investigate potential risk factors in commercial layer farms.

Concepts: United States, President of the United States, Federal government of the United States, United States Department of Justice, NASA, COINTELPRO

0

Proponents of a block grant or per-capita cap trumpet them as vehicles for the federal government to give the states a capped amount of funding for Medicaid that legislatures would effectively distribute how they see fit. Questions abound as to what capped Medicaid funding would look like, and what effect it would have on the current Medicaid-eligible population, covered services, and physician payments.

Concepts: United States, President of the United States, Federal government of the United States, U.S. state, United States Department of Justice

0

To determine the impact of national and local antimicrobial stewardship measures on overall antibiotic prescribing in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

Concepts: Criminal justice, United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal, Federal Bureau of Prisons

0

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) changed hydrocodone-containing products (HCPs) from Schedule III to II status on October 6, 2014, making codeine-containing products (CCPs) the only non-Schedule II oral opioid agents.

Concepts: Opioid, Medical prescription, Controlled Substances Act, MDMA, United States Department of Justice, Recreational drug use, Codeine, Drug Enforcement Administration

0

The U.S. Marshals Service (USMS) prisoner population is diverse and includes immigration violators, fugitives that have evaded apprehension, perpetrators of Medicaid fraud, and parole and probation violators. Unlike state and local jails, the USMS has numerous housing options for its prisoners. Given the unique characteristics, federal prisoners' quality of care, and subsequent clinical outcomes, may differ from those of state and local inmates. However, little is known about hospitalization rates and length of stay for HIV-positive USMS prisoners. The purpose of this study is to examine hospitalizations among HIV-infected prisoners in the custody of the USMS.

Concepts: United States, United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States Marshals Service, The Fugitive, Fugitive, Marshal, United States Secret Service