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Concept: Trent Accreditation Scheme


OBJECTIVE: /st>The aim of the study was to determine accreditation surveyors' and hospitals' use and perceived usefulness of clinical indicator reports and the potential to establish the control relationship between the accreditation and reporting systems. The control relationship refers to instructional directives, arising from appropriately designed methods and efforts towards using clinical indicators, which provide a directed moderating, balancing and best outcome for the connected systems. DESIGN: /st>Web-based questionnaire survey. SETTING: /st>Australian Council on Healthcare Standards' (ACHS) accreditation and clinical indicator programmes. RESULTS: /st>Seventy-three of 306 surveyors responded. Half used the reports always/most of the time. Five key messages were revealed: (i) report use was related to availability before on-site investigation; (ii) report use was associated with the use of non-ACHS reports; (iii) a clinical indicator set’s perceived usefulness was associated with its reporting volume across hospitals; (iv) simpler measures and visual summaries in reports were rated the most useful; (v) reports were deemed to be suitable for the quality and safety objectives of the key groups of interested parties (hospitals' senior executive and management officers, clinicians, quality managers and surveyors). CONCLUSIONS: /st>Implementing the control relationship between the reporting and accreditation systems is a promising expectation. Redesigning processes to ensure reports are available in pre-survey packages and refined education of surveyors and hospitals on how to better utilize the reports will support the relationship. Additional studies on the systems' theory-based model of the accreditation and reporting system are warranted to establish the control relationship, building integrated system-wide relationships with sustainable and improved outcomes.

Concepts: Game theory, Better, Report, Management, Utility, Trent Accreditation Scheme


In the United States, hospitals receive accreditation through unannounced on-site inspections (ie, surveys) by The Joint Commission (TJC), which are high-pressure periods to demonstrate compliance with best practices. No research has addressed whether the potential changes in behavior and heightened vigilance during a TJC survey are associated with changes in patient outcomes.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, United States, Quality assurance, Hospital accreditation, Accreditation, Joint Commission, Trent Accreditation Scheme


This article describes the processes and tools used by WellStar Paulding Hospital to plan and design a new intensive care unit (ICU) as part of a 108-bed replacement hospital on a new site. Seeking to create a culture of safety centered around patient care, quality, and efficiency, the team used multiple external resources to increase their effectiveness as participants in the design process and to ensure that the new ICU achieves the functional performance goals identified at the beginning of planning and design. Specific focus on evidence-based design was assisted through participation in the Center for Health Design’s Pebble Project process as well as the Joint Commission International Safe Health Design Learning Academy Pilot Program.

Concepts: Health care, Patient, Hospital, Design, Healthcare quality, Hospital accreditation, Joint Commission, Trent Accreditation Scheme


Ernest Amory Codman had an early penchant fondness for recording surgical complications and analyzing these recordings to determine a surgeon’s ability along with a hospital’s efficiency. This idea and the actions that followed suit in his career were not well received by his fellow colleagues. However, Codman’s influence and spirit remained and helped shape important institutions in American medicine such as the The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Hospital accreditation, Accreditation, Joint Commission, Trent Accreditation Scheme, Ernest Codman


Low mobility is common during hospitalization and associated with loss or declines in ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and limitations in community mobility.

Concepts: Health care, Clinical trial, Patient, Hospital, Physician, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical research, Trent Accreditation Scheme


A documented penicillin allergy is associated with increased morbidity including length of hospital stay and an increased incidence of resistant infections attributed to use of broader-spectrum antibiotics. The aim of the systematic review was to identify whether inpatient penicillin allergy testing affected clinical outcomes during hospitalization.

Concepts: Medicine, Epidemiology, Bacteria, Medical statistics, Antibiotic resistance, Allergy, Penicillin, Trent Accreditation Scheme


In an effort to decrease antimicrobial resistance and inappropriate antibiotic use, The Joint Commission (TJC) recently issued new antimicrobial stewardship standards, consisting of 8 elements of performance, applicable to hospitals effective January 1, 2017. These standards coincide with those recommended by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the Society of Healthcare Epidemiology (SHEA) guidelines. Little guidance exists on the “how” from these guidance documents. We review the 8 standards and provide real-world experience from established antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) on how institutions can comply with these guidelines to reduce inappropriate antibiotic usage, decrease antimicrobial resistance, and optimize patient outcomes. TJC antimicrobial stewardship standards demonstrate actions being taken at the national level to make quality and patient safety a priority.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Infectious disease, Hospital, Infection, Hospital accreditation, Joint Commission, Trent Accreditation Scheme, International healthcare accreditation


Among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF), the long-term clinical implications of hospitalization at hospitals based on 30-day risk-standardized mortality rates (RSMRs) is not known.

Concepts: Mortality rate, Patient, Hospital, Cardiology, Physician, Trent Accreditation Scheme


Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) improve antibiotic prescribing. 73% of United States (US) hospitals have < 200 beds. Small hospitals (< 200 beds) have similar rates of antibiotic prescribing compared to large hospitals but the majority of small hospitals lack ASPs that satisfy the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) core elements. All hospitals, regardless of size, are now required to have ASPs by The Joint Commission and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has proposed a similar requirement. Very few studies have described the successful implementation of ASPs in small hospitals. We describe barriers commonly encountered in small hospitals when constructing an antibiotic stewardship team, obtaining appropriate metrics of antibiotic prescribing, implementing antibiotic stewardship interventions, obtaining financial resources, and utilizing the microbiology laboratory. We propose potential solutions that tailor stewardship activities to the needs of the facility and the resources typically available.

Concepts: Medicare, Hospital, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Medicaid, Hospital accreditation, Medicare and Medicaid, Joint Commission, Trent Accreditation Scheme


Malnutrition is a problem within hospitals, which impacts upon clinical outcomes. The present audit assesses whether a hospital menu meets the energy and protein standards recommended by the British Dietetic Association’s (BDA) Nutrition and Hydration Digest and determines the contribution of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) and additional snacks.

Concepts: Protein, Metabolism, Nutrition, Obesity, Hydrolysis, Digestion, Trent Accreditation Scheme, American Dietetic Association