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Concept: The Remedy


Whilst being hailed as the remedy to the world’s ills, cities will need to adapt in the 21(st) century. In particular, the role of public transport is likely to increase significantly, and new methods and technics to better plan transit systems are in dire need. This paper examines one fundamental aspect of transit: network centrality. By applying the notion of betweenness centrality to 28 worldwide metro systems, the main goal of this paper is to study the emergence of global trends in the evolution of centrality with network size and examine several individual systems in more detail. Betweenness was notably found to consistently become more evenly distributed with size (i.e. no “winner takes all”) unlike other complex network properties. Two distinct regimes were also observed that are representative of their structure. Moreover, the share of betweenness was found to decrease in a power law with size (with exponent 1 for the average node), but the share of most central nodes decreases much slower than least central nodes (0.87 vs. 2.48). Finally the betweenness of individual stations in several systems were examined, which can be useful to locate stations where passengers can be redistributed to relieve pressure from overcrowded stations. Overall, this study offers significant insights that can help planners in their task to design the systems of tomorrow, and similar undertakings can easily be imagined to other urban infrastructure systems (e.g., electricity grid, water/wastewater system, etc.) to develop more sustainable cities.

Concepts: City, Complex system, Central America, Social network, Centrality, Public transport, Train station, The Remedy


Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) accounts for over a million premature deaths annually; however, there is little contemporary information on presentation, complications, and treatment.

Concepts: Diseases and disorders, Rheumatic fever, The Remedy


To use any domestic remedy, specific knowledge and skills are required. Simple logic dictates that the use of wild plants in the context of limited interaction with nature requires prior identification, while in the case of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants this step can be omitted. This paper aims to document the current and past uses of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants in the study region for human/animal medication; to analyze the human medicinal and veterinary use areas in the context of the remedy groups; to qualitatively compare the results with relevant historical publications; and to compare the intensity and purpose of use between the remedy groups.

Concepts: Pharmacology, Medicine, Logic, The Current, Reason, Specific Identification, The Remedy, Remedy


Unfortunately there have been no positive changes in the main indicators of cancer incidence in Hungarian population since the turn of the millennium. The main goal of psycho-oncologic treatment is to provide the highest possible quality of life to the patient. The prevalence of mental disorders in cancer patients is high and it is accompanied by a rather small number of qualified staff. Thus, the remedy might be the identification of high-risk patients, i.e. the systematic psycho-oncologic screening. Hungary is still lacking a unified screening method that involves all oncologic treatment-providing units. Compiling the Hungarian standards for the Distress Thermometer and the Problem List is the first step of a complex program for creating a general psycho-oncologic screening. Such a comprehensive program might improve oncologic patient-care and, eventually, the quality and prospect of the lives of patients.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Oncology, Patient, Taxonomy, Mental disorder, Hungary, The Remedy, Hungarian people


We developed a novel pedicled DIEP flap model in rat to explore the possible remedy for the distal necrosis of the flap.

Concepts: Blood vessel, Developed country, Artery, The Remedy


Healthcare providers and patients are often disappointed by the level of care public hospitals can deliver. The remedy is to lower expectations. Providers should be brought to see their obligations as only to give the best care resources allow. The public should be clearly told what care hospitals can and cannot provide and involved in decision-making. Healthcare leaders can play innovative roles in both these remedies.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Hospital, Management, Strategic management, Leadership, The Remedy, Remedy


In ancient Egypt, if a woman was unable to lactate, the remedy was to massage her back with the bones of a swordfish that had been warmed in oil.

Concepts: Middle East, Woman, Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Ancient history, The Remedy, Achaemenid Empire, Ancient Near East