SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

166

Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession, but little is known about why people self-harm when in financial difficulty, and in what circumstances self-harm occurs. This study aimed to understand events and experiences leading to the episode of self-harm and to identify opportunities for prevention or mitigation of distress.

Concepts: Scientific method, Understanding, Qualitative research, Knowledge, Suicide, Unemployment, Recession, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

39

Tobacco products differ in their relative health harms. The need for educating consumers about such harms is growing as different tobacco products enter the marketplace and as the FDA moves to regulate and educate the public about different products. However, little is known about the patterns of the public’s knowledge of relative harms.

Concepts: Understanding, Tobacco, Learning, Knowledge, Harm reduction, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit, Robert Nozick, Tobacco harm reduction

25

Understanding quality improvement from a patient perspective is important for delivering patient-centred care. Yet the ways patients define quality improvement remains unexplored with patients often excluded from improvement work. We examine how patients construct ideas of ‘quality improvement’ when collaborating with healthcare professionals in improvement work, and how they use these understandings when attempting to improve the quality of their local services.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Patient, Understanding, Illness, Perception, Knowledge, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

5

The need to identify priorities to help shape future directions for research and practice increases as the knowledge translation (KT) field advances. Since many KT trainees are developing their research programs, understanding their concerns and KT research and practice priorities is important to supporting the development and advancement of KT as a field. Our purpose was to identify research and practice priorities in the KT field from the perspectives of KT researcher/practitioner trainees.

Concepts: Practice, Knowledge, Identification, Perspective, Research and development, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

5

Mobile messaging interventions have been shown to improve outcomes across a number of mental health and health-related conditions, but there are still significant gaps in our knowledge of how to construct and deliver the most effective brief messaging interventions. Little is known about the ways in which subtle linguistic variations in message content can affect user receptivity and preferences.

Concepts: Psychology, Understanding, Cognition, Philosophy, Knowledge, Communication, Message, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

4

In four experiments, we tested the community-of-knowledge hypothesis, that people fail to distinguish their own knowledge from other people’s knowledge. In all the experiments, despite the absence of any actual explanatory information, people rated their own understanding of novel natural phenomena as higher when they were told that scientists understood the phenomena than when they were told that scientists did not yet understand them. In Experiment 2, we found that this occurs only when people have ostensible access to the scientists' explanations; the effect does not occur when the explanations exist but are held in secret. In Experiment 3, we further ruled out two classes of alternative explanations (one appealing to task demands and the other proposing that judgments were mediated by inferences about a phenomenon’s understandability). In Experiment 4, we ruled out the possibility that the effect could be attributed to a pragmatic inference.

Concepts: Understanding, Science, Observation, Perception, Knowledge, Theory, Explanation, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

1

- Statistical literacy can be defined as understanding the statistical tests and terminology needed for the design, analysis, and conclusions of original research or laboratory testing. Little is known about the statistical literacy of clinical or anatomic pathologists.

Concepts: Scientific method, Statistics, Understanding, Data, University, Learning, Knowledge, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

1

(1) To understand the implicit and explicit perceptions of accountability from the perspective of bedside nurses and their managers. (2) To identify the factors that facilitate accountability behaviors.

Concepts: Understanding, Perception, Knowledge, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

1

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is considered to be a risk factor for the development of invasive breast carcinoma, but it may also be a non-obligate precursor to invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). Many LCIS lesions do not progress to ILC, and the molecular changes that are necessary for progression from LCIS to ILC are poorly understood. Disruption in the E-cadherin complex is the hallmark of lobular lesions, but other signaling molecules, such as PIK3CA and c-src, are consistently altered in LCIS. This review focuses on the molecular drivers of lobular carcinoma, a more complete understanding of which may give perspective on which LCIS lesions progress, and which will not, thus having immense clinical implications.

Concepts: Cancer, Breast cancer, Carcinoma in situ, Understanding, Molecule, Knowledge, In situ, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

1

Despite guidance and evidence for the beneficial effects of intradialytic exercise (IDE), such programmes are rarely adopted within practice and little is known about how they may best be sustained. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) was used to guide the understanding of the barriers and facilitators to initial and ongoing IDE participation and to understand how these are influential at each stage.

Concepts: Scientific method, Psychology, Understanding, Cognition, Perception, Knowledge, Explanation, Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit