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Concept: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Posterior cranial vault distraction (PCVD) has become an important modality in the management of complex craniosynostosis to increase intracranial volume and improve the cranial vault appearance. This technique can safely be performed as early as 3 months of age for the initial management of patients with complex craniosynostosis. A retrospective review was performed of all the patients with syndromic, multiple-suture synostosis treated with PCVD at Primary Children’s Hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah, between 2012 and 2014. During this time period, a total of nine children with an average corrected age of 21.4 weeks were treated. Demographics, intraoperative data, and postoperative distraction data were collected. Occipital frontal head circumferences (OFCs) were recorded pre- and postdistraction, and at 3- and 6-month follow-up examinations. All patients had a substantial increase in head circumference with subjective improvement of the posterior calvarium shape. The average increase in OFC from preoperative to postdistraction was 4.9 cm. Only two significant postoperative complications were encountered, one hardware infection and one cerebrospinal fluid leak. PCVD is an effective procedure in the management of complex craniosynostosis and can be safely initiated very early in life.

Concepts: Hospital, Skull, Periodization, Great Salt Lake, Utah, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

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The FilmArray® Blood Culture ID (BCID) panel (BioFire Diagnostics, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT) is a FDA-cleared multiplex PCR panel for pathogen identification from positive blood culture bottles.….

Concepts: Immune system, Bacteria, Pneumonia, Blood culture, Great Salt Lake, Utah, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake City, Utah

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FilmArray Respiratory Panel (RP) (Idaho Technology, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, USA) performance was retrospectively evaluated in respiratory samples collected from neonates in 2 reference neonatology units. Using the FilmArray RP assay, 121/152 (79.6%) samples were positive for at least 1 respiratory virus, while 31/152 (20.4%) were negative. FilmArray RP results were concordant in 68/72 (94.4%) respiratory samples tested with laboratory-developed real-time PCR assays, while in 4/72 (5.6%) samples, the FilmArray RP assay detected an additional virus (2 human rhinovirus/enterovirus and 2 bocavirus). In addition, FilmArray RP results for 70 of 80 (87.5%) respiratory samples tested were concordant with the Seegene Seeplex RV15® detection assay (Seegene, Inc., Seoul, South Korea), while 10/80 (12.5%) were discordant. The advantages of the FilmArray RP are the rapid detection of respiratory viruses (1 hour), the wide number of pathogens detectable in a single assay, and the reduced hands-on time.

Concepts: Polymerase chain reaction, Pediatrics, Laboratory techniques, South Korea, Utah, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake City, Utah, University of Utah

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