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Concept: Removable partial denture


The frequent instability of mandibular removable complete dentures affects patient Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). An innovative therapeutic strategy used to improve stability involves placing four symphyseal mini-implants. This study was aimed at assessing OHRQoL over time in subjects in which mini-implants were placed and exploring if certain parameters could predict the evolution of their OHRQoL. The OHRQoL of subjects with dentures was assessed using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) before (T0), 2-6 months (T1), twelve months (T2) and twenty-four or more months (T3) after mini-implant setting. Age, gender and chewing ability were tested as explanatory variables for the change in OHRQoL with time. Thirteen women and six men were included (mean age: 69 ± 10 years). After treatment, mean GOHAI scores at T1, T2 and T3 increased significantly (p < 0.001). The GOHAI-Add mean score was not affected by age or gender. Baseline chewing ability impacted the "functional" and "pain and discomfort" fields of the mean GOHAI scores (p < 0.05). The OHRQoL quickly improved after mini-implant placement in complete denture wearers and then stabilized over time. Baseline chewing ability can be used as a predictive parameter of OHRQoL.

Concepts: Scientific method, Medicine, Future, Dentistry, Dentures, Removable partial denture, Currying


The first-line treatment of non-restorable traumatically injured or carious deciduous teeth is extraction which may be a curse for the future dentition as well as social activity of a child. Various therapeutic modalities from removable partial dentures to fixed space maintainer can be used for replacement of such lost teeth. Two types of fixed aesthetic space maintainers for replacing premature loss of maxillary deciduous incisors in 4-year-old children are discussed.

Concepts: Teeth, Tooth development, Maxillary central incisor, Canine tooth, Removable partial denture


Purpose: To analyze masticatory function after a short adaptation period relative to occlusal support length reduction in free-end removable partial denture (RPD) wearers. Materials and Methods: Twenty-three patients (55.2 ± 8.4 years) were rehabilitated with maxillary complete and mandibular free-end RPDs extending to the second molars. Five occlusal support length conditions were determined by removing artificial teeth from the RPDs: full occlusal support (control); occlusal support to the first molars, second premolars, and first premolars; and no occlusal support. To explore a probable short-term adaptation to occlusal support length reduction, participants wore their dentures at each condition for a period of 1 week before starting masticatory function assessment. For this purpose, masticatory performance, masticatory efficiency, chewing rate, selection chance, and breakage function were evaluated at each condition using the sieving method. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA and post hoc Dunnett tests (α= 0.05). Results: Masticatory performance and masticatory efficiency for 2 to 4 mm particles under the condition of occlusal support to the first molars and second premolars were similar to control values (p > 0.05). Masticatory efficiency relative to particles smaller than 2 mm was also seen at the condition of support length to the first premolars (p > 0.05). Chewing rates showed adaptation only at the condition of support length to the first molars (p > 0.05). A similar trend was noted for the selection chance of 8-mm particles, and breakage function for 8- and 2.4-mm particles (p > 0.05). Conclusion: After a 1-week adaptation period to free-end RPDs with occlusal support lengths reduced to the premolars, participants were able to achieve adequate masticatory function.

Concepts: Dentures, Removable partial denture


If prosthodontic treatment is considered after periodontal therapy, the questions arise i) does prosthodontic treatment affect the treatment outcome of the dentition in general and ii) which type of prosthesis is related to best treatment outcome of abutment teeth? Our goal was to compare long-term tooth loss after comprehensive periodontal therapy in patients with or without prosthodontic treatment. Ninety patients' charts with a total of 1937 teeth who had received comprehensive periodontal treatment 5-17 years ago by the same periodontist were retrospectively evaluated. Sixty-five patients received fixed dental prostheses (FDP; n = 29) and/or removable partial dentures anchored with clips (RPDC; n = 25) or double crowns (RPDD; n = 25). Twenty-five patients were also periodontally compromised but treated without prosthodontic treatment and served as a control group. A total of 317 teeth and 70 abutment teeth were lost during 9·7 ± 4·1 years of observation. Thereof, 273 teeth and 48 abutment teeth were lost due to periodontal reasons. Mean tooth loss amounted to 1·2 ± 1·5 (controls) and 4·4 ± 3·4 (partial dentures). Abutment tooth loss was 0·4 ± 1·1 (FDP), 1·0 ± 1·2 (RPDC) and 1·3 ± 1·0 (RPDD). Poisson regressions identified prosthodontic treatment, age, socio-economic status, diabetes mellitus, mean initial bone loss and aggressive periodontitis as factors significantly contributing to tooth loss. Age, diabetes and non-compliance contributed to abutment tooth loss. Not considering biomechanical factors, patients with prosthodontic reconstructions under long-term supportive periodontal therapy were at higher risk for further tooth loss than patients without prostheses. Not only the type of partial denture but also the patient-related risk factors were associated with abutment tooth loss.

Concepts: Diabetes mellitus, Periodontology, Periodontitis, Prosthesis, Oral hygiene, Dentures, Removable partial denture, Prosthodontology



In dental applications, precision attachments have been used to retain removable partial dentures (RPDs) for several decades. Various types of extracoronal attachments are commonly used in combination with fixed partial dentures and RPDs to achieve retention and stability. Fracture of the framework, fracture of the roots or teeth, and irretrievable decrease of retention are common reasons for a failed attachment-retained RPD. Another complication of metal ceramic crowns with precision attachment is decementation of the crowns. When fixed components of the attachment-retained RPD fail, the traditional treatment approach requires remaking both the fixed and removable components of the attachment-retained RPD. This technique describes retrofitting of a metal ceramic crown to a resilient attachment-retained RPD.

Concepts: The Roots, Crown, Oral hygiene, Dentures, Restorative dentistry, Removable partial denture, Prosthodontology, Precision attachment


Several clasp types are used in distal extension removable partial dentures. In some cases the terminal abutments have only distal retentive undercuts that can be occupied by bar clasps; however, bar clasps may be contraindicated with no suitable alternative. This article presents a reasonable solution by introducing a new clasp design as a modification to the well-known RPA clasp. The design includes a mesial rest, proximal plate, and buccal retentive arm arising from the rest and extending to reach the distal retentive undercut.

Concepts: The Terminal, Removable partial denture, 2004 films


Background Regular good denture hygiene by individuals with removable partial dentures (RPDs) is an important component of oral health and in the prevention of further dental problems. These individuals should be provided with advice on the importance of denture care and be aware of this information.Aim To establish deficiencies in patient knowledge surrounding denture hygiene by RPD wearers.Methodology The study was undertaken as an audit. Data was collected from April 2012 to October 2012 via a questionnaire completed by 196 RPD wearers attending as patients at the University Dental Hospital Wales and the dental units at St David’s Hospital and Cynon Valley Hospital. The audit criterion was patients with RPDs should have knowledge of denture hygiene, with the standard set at 100%.Results While 91.8% of participants stated they were provided with instructions on denture hygiene when provided with their current prosthesis, 60.2% were shown to have less than an appropriate level of denture cleanliness, with 9.2% reporting that they slept wearing their prosthesis.Conclusion The audit criterion and standard set were not achieved. A lack of knowledge surrounding denture hygiene was demonstrated among participants. As a part of the audit process the health education of RPD wearers' hygiene needs to be improved and awareness levels of the whole dental team needs to be raised. All partial dentures should receive information and regular reinforcement of key dental hygiene messages.

Concepts: Health, Patient, Prosthesis, Oral hygiene, Dentures, Restorative dentistry, Removable partial denture, Prosthodontology


The objective was to compare the adaptation between the major connectors of removable partial dentures derived from intraoral digital impressions and extraoral digital impressions. Twenty-four volunteers were enrolled. Each volunteer received an intraoral digital impression and one extraoral digital impression digitized from conventional gypsum impression. A software was used to create the major connectors on digital impression datasets. After all the virtual major connectors designed from Group intraoral digital impressions (Group I) and Group extraoral digital impressions (Group E) were directly fabricated by 3D printing technique, the adaptation of the final major connectors in volunteers' mouths were measured. The adaptation ranged from 159.87 to 577.99 μm in Group I while from 120.83 to 536.17 μm in Group E. The adaptation of major connectors in Group I were found better at the midline palatine suture while the adaptation of major connectors in Group E were found better at the two sides of the palatal vault. In both groups, the highest accuracy in adaptation was revealed at the anterior margin of the major connectors. It is feasible to manufacture the major connectors by digital impression and 3D printing technique. Both the adaptation of the two kinds of digital impressions were clinical acceptable.

Concepts: Comparison, The Final, Comparisons, Printing, Major, Dentures, Removable partial denture, The Impressions


Tongue activity, involving stereognosis of denture position, food bolus distribution, and direct denture pressing, can affect the stability of removable mandibular dentures. Knowledge of details of tongue activity in patients with removable dentures could contribute to the development of training methods to improve bilateral mastication. The hypothesis of this study was that tongue force improves mandibular complete denture stabilization on the atrophied foundation during mastication load transfer with a typical balanced occlusion.

Concepts: Improve, Digestive system, Dentures, Removable partial denture