Concept: Ras Tanura
To assess the epidemiological characteristics of prematurity and survival rate in preterm infants diagnosed at a university hospital in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia.
Anxiety and depression during the antenatal period is a growing problem with major effects on the mother, the developing fetus, and the neonate.
This study assessed the association between caries preventive measures including regular dental checkups, twice a day tooth brushing using fluoridated toothpaste and pit and fissure sealants on one side and the presence of caries among primary schoolchildren in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Mammary hamartoma is a rare benign lesion accounting for approximately 4.8% of all benign breast masses. It is often underdiagnosed and therefore is underreported mostly due to lack of awareness of the characteristic clinical and histological features. Raising awareness of this poorly recognized benign entity is of utmost significance as it clinically mimics other breast tumors including both benign and malignant ones. This study is to report and present our experience of breast hamartomas from Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia from which there have not been previous studies in literature.
The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of premature loss of primary teeth and its effect on malocclusion in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia.
To compare the levels of blood pressure (BP) between male and female adolescents in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and reference percentiles for Saudi adolescents. A secondary aim was to explore the distribution of BP among the participants based on age and gender.
This is a follow-up study to our previous analysis of thyroid aspirates utilizing the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytology (BSRTC). The same study design was utilized for 2 years comparing 2 periods. A total of 251 thyroid aspirates from 218 patients were reviewed and deemed comparable to the previous cohort. The variance and consequently the number of interpretations dropped from 26 to 11 with a statistically significant 58% reduction and more consistency. Our unsatisfactory rate dropped from 22 to 10% (reduction of 55%). The risk of malignancy in this follow-up study showed a similar trend: an increase in risk with each step up in the BSRTC categories starting from the ‘nondiagnostic’ and up to ‘malignant’. Few of our benign cases ended up with resection. We noticed sensitivity to the word ‘follicular’ in this benign category; therefore we propose a modification of the current BSRTC system by omitting the word ‘follicular’ from the benign category. We strongly believe that this modification harbors no serious damage to the intentions of BSRTC. This follow-up study has shown that the previous awareness campaign about the implementation has worked and can be considered a valid performance improvement program. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
The current study reassesses the prevalence of fragility fractures and lifetime costs in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Forty-two percent (391) of the fractures were at the neck of the femur, and 38.6 % (354) were inter-trochanteric fractures. The overall incidence was assessed to be 7528 (1,300,336 population 55 years or older) with the direct cost of SR564.75 million ($150.60 million). A National Fracture Registry and osteoporosis awareness programs are recommended.