SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Ralph Waldo Emerson

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Numerous concerns have been raised about the sustainability of the biomedical research enterprise in the United States. Improving the postdoctoral training experience is seen as a priority in addressing these concerns, but even identifying who the postdocs are is made difficult by the multitude of different job titles they can carry. Here, we summarize the detrimental effects that current employment structures have on training, compensation and benefits for postdocs, and argue that academic research institutions should standardize the categorization and treatment of postdocs. We also present brief case studies of two institutions that have addressed these challenges and can provide models for other institutions attempting to enhance their postdoctoral workforces and improve the sustainability of the biomedical research enterprise.

Concepts: U.S. state, Academic administration, Ralph Waldo Emerson, United States, Scientific method, Research

182

To assess the extent to which stage at diagnosis and adherence to treatment guidelines may explain the persistent differences in colorectal cancer survival between the USA and Europe.

Concepts: Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Cancer, European Union, English language, United States, Colorectal cancer

129

To examine levels of, correlates of, and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among U.S. females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014.

Concepts: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Marilyn Monroe, Henry David Thoreau, Humid subtropical climate, U.S. state, Poverty in the United States, United States

7

Females in the United States consume less alcohol and cause and experience fewer alcohol-related harms than males. However, recent research suggests such gaps might be narrowing. The purpose of this study was to explore changes in alcohol use and associated outcomes among females and males in the United States between 2002 and 2012.

Concepts: Ralph Waldo Emerson, U.S. state, Poverty in the United States, United States

6

This document represents the official position of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology. Where there were no randomized controlled trials or specific U.S. FDA labeling for issues in clinical practice, the participating clinical experts utilized their judgment and experience. Every effort was made to achieve consensus among the committee members. Position statements are meant to provide guidance, but they are not to be considered prescriptive for any individual patient and cannot replace the judgment of a clinician.

Concepts: Good clinical practice, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Linguistics, International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use, Randomized controlled trial, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical trial, Clinical research

6

Opioid pain reliever abuse rates have increased sharply in the U.S. This study examines Americans' personal experience with opioid pain reliever use and abuse, and views about the seriousness of the problem, factors causing it, responsibility for addressing it, and support for policies to solve it.

Concepts: Problem solving, Ralph Waldo Emerson, United States, Pain, Suffering, Opioid

4

Persons with a college degree are more likely to engage in eHealth behaviors than persons without a college degree, compounding the health disadvantages of undereducated groups in the United States. However, the extent to which quality of recent eHealth experience reduces the education-based eHealth gap is unexplored.

Concepts: University, Higher education, U.S. state, Poverty in the United States, Logistic regression, Ralph Waldo Emerson, United States, Bachelor's degree

4

This study aimed to determine whether Pennsylvania ACT 13 of 2002 (Mcare) requiring the written and verbal disclosure of “serious events” was accompanied by increased malpractice claims or compensation costs in a large U.S. health system.

Concepts: Massachusetts, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Universal health care, Medical malpractice, Healthcare, Health care, Health economics, Medicine

4

Approximately one in six adults in the United States (U.S.) binge drinks. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care physicians screen patients for such hazardous alcohol use, and when warranted, deliver a brief intervention.

Concepts: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Philippines, Appeal, Humid subtropical climate, Primary election, U.S. state, Poverty in the United States, United States

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