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Concept: Psychiatric hospital

10

Current approaches to assess violence risk in secure hospitals are resource intensive, limited by accuracy and authorship bias and may have reached a performance ceiling. This study seeks to develop scalable predictive models for violent offending following discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals.

Concepts: Scientific method, Crime, Violent crime, Violence, Psychiatry, Anti-psychiatry, Clinical prediction rule, Psychiatric hospital

9

Over the past few years, methamphetamine-induced psychosis (MIP) has increased in Iran, accounting for a significant percentage of psychiatry hospital admissions. The present study was conducted with an aim to investigate clinical symptoms, and course and treatment methods of MIP inpatients in Shafa Psychiatry Hospital in northern Iran.

Concepts: Present, Time, Future, Islamic Golden Age, Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Past, Psychiatric hospital

9

Compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals may be distressing, disruptive to patients and families, and associated with considerable cost to the health service. Improved patient experience and cost reductions could be realised by providing cost-effective crisis planning services.

Concepts: Health care provider, Patient, Hospital, Randomized controlled trial, Illness, Economics, Psychiatry, Psychiatric hospital

8

The recent epidemiologic changes of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) have resulted in substantial economic burden to U.S. acute care hospitals. Past studies evaluating CDAD-attributable costs have been geographically and demographically limited. Here, we describe CDAD-attributable burden in inpatients, overall, and in vulnerable subpopulations from the Premier hospital database, a large, diverse cohort with a wide range of high-risk subgroups.

Concepts: Hospital, Demography, Cultural studies, Clostridium difficile, Psychiatric hospital

7

Building a culture of health in hospitals means more than participating in community partnerships. It also requires an enhanced capacity to recognize and respond to disparities in utilization patterns across populations. We identified all pediatric hospitalizations at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, in the period 2011-16. Each hospitalized child’s address was geocoded, allowing us to calculate inpatient bed-day rates for each census tract in Hamilton County, Ohio, across all causes and for specific conditions and pediatric subspecialties. We then divided the census tracts into quintiles based on their underlying rates of child poverty and calculated bed-day rates per quintile. Poorer communities disproportionately bore the burden of pediatric hospital days. If children from all of the county’s census tracts spent the same amount of time in the hospital each year as those from the most affluent tracts, approximately twenty-two child-years of hospitalization time would be prevented. Of particular note were “hot spots” in high-poverty census tracts neighboring the hospital, where bed-day rates were more than double the county average. Hospitals that address disparities would benefit from a more comprehensive understanding of the culture of health-a culture that is more cohesive inside the hospital and builds bridges into the community.

Concepts: Hospital, Poverty, Physician, Pediatrics, Community, Psychiatric hospital, Children's hospital, Hospitality

7

Violent behaviour by forensic psychiatric inpatients is common. We aimed to systematically review the performance of structured risk assessment tools for violence in these settings.

Concepts: Violence, Psychiatric hospital

6

The time following discharge from psychiatric hospitalisation is a high risk period. Rates of hospital readmission are high and there is increased risk for homelessness and suicide. Transitional and post-discharge support programs have demonstrated positive results in terms of enhanced wellbeing, improved connection with community-based services and, in some cases, reductions in hospital re-admission. This paper reports on the outcomes of a peer-delivered post-discharge support program.

Concepts: Hospital, Program, Psychiatric hospital, Program management

6

High levels of hospital readmission (rehospitalisation rates) is widely used as indicator of a poor quality of care. This is sometimes also referred to as recidivism or heavy utilization. Previous studies have examined a number of factors likely to influence readmission, although a systematic review of research on post-discharge factors and readmissions has not been conducted so far. The main objective of this review was to identify frequently reported post-discharge factors and their effects on readmission rates.

Concepts: Psychiatric hospital

6

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is associated with significant healthcare expenditures and a greater utilization of psychiatric health services. High utilization may not be evenly distributed across individuals with ASD. The objective of this study was to identify individual and family characteristics that increase the risk of psychiatric hospitalization. Naturalistic study of two age- and gender-matched ASD cohorts, inpatients enrolled in the Autism Inpatient Collection (AIC) and outpatients enrolled in the Rhode Island Consortium of Autism Research and Treatment (RI-CART), revealed a number of factors associated with hospitalization. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that adaptive functioning, ASD symptom severity, primary caregiver’s marital status, the presence of mood disorders, and the presence of sleep problems independently increased the risk of psychiatric hospitalization.

Concepts: Regression analysis, Logistic regression, Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder, Mental disorder, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum, Psychiatric hospital

5

Aims and method To evaluate differences between male patients in secure psychiatric settings in the UK based on whether they are detained under civil or forensic sections of the Mental Health Act 1983. A cohort of patients discharged from a secure psychiatric hospital were evaluated for length of stay and frequency of risk-related incidents. Results Overall, 84 patients were included in the study: 52 in the forensic group and 32 in the civil group. Civil patients had more frequent incidents of aggression, sex offending, fire-setting and vulnerability, whereas forensic patients had more frequent episodes of self-harm. Clinical implications Secure hospitals should ensure treatment programmes are tailored to each patient’s needs. Civil patients require greater emphasis on treatment of their mental illness, whereas forensic patients have additional offence-related treatment needs. Regular liaison between forensic and general adult services is essential to help ensure patients can return to appropriate settings at the earliest opportunity in their recovery.

Concepts: Psychology, Patient, Hospital, Mental health, Illness, Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Psychiatric hospital