SciCombinator

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Concept: Post

20

Facebook, the most widely used social media platform, has been adopted by public health organisations for health promotion and behaviour change campaigns and activities. However, limited information is available on the most effective and efficient use of Facebook for this purpose. This study sought to identify the features of Facebook posts that are associated with higher user engagement on Australian public health organisations' Facebook pages. We selected 20 eligible pages through a systematic search and coded 360-days of posts for each page. Posts were coded by: post type (e.g., photo, text only etc.), communication technique employed (e.g. testimonial, informative etc.) and use of marketing elements (e.g., branding, use of mascots). A series of negative binomial regressions were used to assess associations between post characteristics and user engagement as measured by the number of likes, shares and comments. Our results showed that video posts attracted the greatest amount of user engagement, although an analysis of a subset of the data suggested this may be a reflection of the Facebook algorithm, which governs what is and is not shown in user newsfeeds and appear to preference videos over other post types. Posts that featured a positive emotional appeal or provided factual information attracted higher levels of user engagement, while conventional marketing elements, such as sponsorships and the use of persons of authority, generally discouraged user engagement, with the exception of posts that included a celebrity or sportsperson. Our results give insight into post content that maximises user engagement and begins to fill the knowledge gap on effective use of Facebook by public health organisations.

Concepts: Social information processing, Social media, Facebook, Post

10

In recent years many parents, advocates and policy makers have expressed concerns regarding the potential negative impact of social media use. Some studies have indicated that social media use may be tied to negative mental health outcomes, including suicidality, loneliness and decreased empathy. Other studies have not found evidence for harm, or have indicated that social media use may be beneficial for some individuals. The current correlational study examined 467 young adults for their time spent using social media, importance of social media in their lives and tendency to engage in vaguebooking (posting unclear but alarming sounding posts to get attention). Outcomes considered included general mental health symptoms, suicidal ideation, loneliness, social anxiety and decreased empathy. Results indicated that social media use was not predictive of impaired mental health functioning. However, vaguebooking was predictive of suicidal ideation, suggesting this particular behavior could be a warning sign for serious issues. Overall, results from this study suggest that, with the exception of vaguebooking, concerns regarding social media use may be misplaced.

Concepts: Anxiety, Psychology, Mental disorder, Policy, Bipolar disorder, Suicide, Warning sign, Post

7

Drawing on public commitment theory, this research examined the association between Facebook self-presentations of coupledom and relationship longevity among college-aged dating partners. Using a longitudinal design and a path model analytic approach, this study shows that Facebook self-presentational cues (i.e., being listed as “in a relationship,” posting dyadic photographs, writing on the partner’s wall) were associated with an increase in relationship commitment for dating couples, which, in turn, increased their likelihood of remaining together after 6 months. Contrary to predictions, the number of mutual Friends and the number of posts written by partners on participants' walls were negatively related to relationship commitment. This study is the first to apply public commitment theory to an online romantic relationship context, and one of the few to examine the effects of Facebook on the state and fate of romantic relationships.

Concepts: Relationship, Longitudinal study, Sociology, Interpersonal relationship, Writing, Couples, Facebook, Post

2

The abundance of text available in social media and health related forums along with the rich expression of public opinion have recently attracted the interest of the public health community to use these sources for pharmacovigilance. Based on the intuition that patients post about Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) expressing negative sentiments, we investigate the effect of sentiment analysis features in locating ADR mentions.

Concepts: Pharmacology, Illness, Adverse drug reaction, Expression, Post, Forum, Sentiment analysis

0

It was possible to restore the shape and function of a severely ankylosed tooth by fabricating a ceramic crown for placement on a resin reconstruction supported by mini fiberglass posts. By increasing the retention of the morphological reconstruction for the future support of indirect restorations, cementable intradentinal fiberglass posts enhance the longevity of these restorations. Ultimately, all proposals that seek to improve the long-term prognosis of restorations on ankylosed teeth, especially severely impacted ones, are of extreme clinical relevance.

Concepts: Time, Function, Future, Teeth, Tooth, Support, Post, Power-on self-test

0

The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial was to evaluate the survival rate of glass fiber-reinforced posts cemented with self-adhesive or regular resin cements.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Clinical trial, ClinicalTrials.gov, Pharmaceutical industry, Clinical research, Multicenter trial, Post

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The optimal irrigating solution with antimicrobial and dentin cleansing properties for post space preparation for fiber posts is unclear. Peracetic acid is one option but is available in various chemical formulations that require evaluation.

Concepts: Chemistry, Post

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To evaluate the effects of direct composite resin without a post or with one or two fiberglass posts on the restoration of severely compromised endodontically treated molars.

Concepts: Composite material, Solid mechanics, Linear elasticity, Composite materials, Post, Power-on self-test

0

This study evaluated the effect of simulated chewing forces on the flexural strength of fiber reinforced posts (FRPs). Four different brands of FRPs were selected as main group for the study: RelyX Fiber Post (RX), IceLight (ICE), Unicore Posts (UC), FlouroPost (FP). Ten posts in each main group didn’t receive any aging process and tested as baseline (BL), other ten posts were subjected to simulated chewing forces/mechanical aging (MA) as follows: Post spaces were prepared in acrylic with drill. Depth of preparation was adjusted to leave 4-mm coronal part of posts protruding from canals. Coronal parts were incrementally restored with resin-composite (Clearfil Majesty Posterior A2, Kuraray, Osaka, Japan). Prepared samples were subjected to chewing cycles in a chewing simulator (Chewing Simulator CS-4, Mechatronik, Germany). Flexural strengths of all groups were measured with three-point bending test. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α = 0.05). After MA, flexural strengths of all posts were significantly decreased when compared with BL for all FRPs tested (p < 0.05). At BL, highest flexural strength values were obtained for ICE. After MA, similar to BL, highest flexural strength values were obtained for ICE. Only RX showed statistically significant difference when compared with ICE (p < 0.05). UC and FP showed similar flexural strength values with ICE (p > 0.05). It may be concluded that chewing forces on post-core systems may reduce the flexural strengths of FRPs.

Concepts: Statistics, Statistical significance, Difference, Simulation, Ageing, Aging, Analysis of variance, Post

0

The aim of this study was to access the biomechanical behavior of teeth without remaining coronal structure when restored with posts of different materials and configurations. Fifty bovine teeth (n=10 per group) with standard dimensions were restored as follows: cast post and core (CPC), prefabricated metallic post (PFM), parallel glass-fiber post (P-FP), conical glass-fiber post (C-FP) or composite core (no post, CC). The survival rate during thermomechanical challenging (TC), the fracture strength (FS), and failure pattern (FP) were evaluated. Finite element models were realized to evaluate the stress distribution with a 100N load. All post-containing teeth survived TC, while CC had 30% of failures. CPC and C-FP had the higher fracture strength, but a high number of irreparable fractures (60%), such as PFM (70%). Von Mises analysis has shown the maximum stresses into the canal in groups restored with metallic posts, while glass-fiber posts and CC presented the maximum stresses at load contact point in the crown. CPC led to higher modified von Mises (mvM) stress in the cervical third of dentin. However, mvM values did not reach the dentin fracture limit for any group. Analysis of maximal contact pressure has shown better stress distribution along with the dentin interface in post-containing groups, especially for CPC.

Concepts: Fracture, Fracture mechanics, Materials science, Failure, The Higher, Solid mechanics, Plasticity, Post