SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Plato

140

The Italian Registry of Thrombosis in Children (RITI) was established by a multidisciplinary team with the aims of improving knowledge about neonatal and paediatric thrombotic events in Italy and providing a preliminary source of data for the future development of specific clinical trials and diagnostic-therapeutic protocols.

Concepts: Blood, Thrombosis, ClinicalTrials.gov, Hematology, Vein, Deep vein, Plato

116

Music listening has been suggested to beneficially impact health via stress-reducing effects. However, the existing literature presents itself with a limited number of investigations and with discrepancies in reported findings that may result from methodological shortcomings (e.g. small sample size, no valid stressor). It was the aim of the current study to address this gap in knowledge and overcome previous shortcomings by thoroughly examining music effects across endocrine, autonomic, cognitive, and emotional domains of the human stress response.

Concepts: Psychology, Brain, Sample size, Effect, Effects unit, Sympathetic nervous system, The Current, Plato

36

Scientific editors are responsible for deciding which articles to publish in their journals. However, we have not found documentation of their required knowledge, skills, and characteristics, or the existence of any formal core competencies for this role.

Concepts: Scientific method, Truth, Skill, Logic, Plato

29

Contraception is a pillar in reducing adolescent pregnancy rates. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians develop a working knowledge of contraception to help adolescents reduce risks of and negative health consequences related to unintended pregnancy. Over the past 10 years, a number of new contraceptive methods have become available to adolescents, newer guidance has been issued on existing contraceptive methods, and the evidence base for contraception for special populations (adolescents who have disabilities, are obese, are recipients of solid organ transplants, or are HIV infected) has expanded. The Academy has addressed contraception since 1980, and this policy statement updates the 2007 statement on contraception and adolescents. It provides the pediatrician with a description and rationale for best practices in counseling and prescribing contraception for adolescents. It is supported by an accompanying technical report.

Concepts: Medicine, Pregnancy, Infant, Birth control, Abortion, Pediatrics, Sex education, Plato

28

Effective use of routine data to support integrated chronic disease management (CDM) and population health is dependent on underlying data quality (DQ) and, for cross system use of data, semantic interoperability. An ontological approach to DQ is a potential solution but research in this area is limited and fragmented.

Concepts: Medicine, Demography, Chronic, Disease management, Ontology, Metaphysics, Plato, Interoperability

27

Little is known regarding the outcomes of endovascular and surgical treatment of penetrating ulcers in the abdominal aorta. The potential benefit of conservative management of asymptomatic disease is also debatable. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to investigate these issues.

Concepts: Medicine, Abdominal aorta, Aorta, Descending aorta, Nature, Thoracic aorta, History of science, Plato

25

Hanging is known not only as a common method of suicide but also as a capital punishment method in some countries. Although several cases have been reported to survive after the attempted suicidal/accidental hanging, to the extent of our knowledge, no modern case of survival after judicial hanging exists. We reported a case of an individual who revived after modern judicial hanging despite being declared dead. The case was admitted with poor clinical presentations and the Glasgow Coma Scale of 6/15. The victim received all the standard supportive intensive care and gained complete clinical recovery.

Concepts: Scientific method, Death, Intensive care medicine, Capital punishment, Hanging, Glasgow Coma Scale, Coma, Plato

25

The literature contains confusing and opposing views about the naming, prevalence, anatomic structure, and clinical significance of the arcade of Struthers. The conflicting rates of arcade (between 0% and 100%) prevalence found in the literature may be due to the varying definition of the arcade among the authors, as well as the dissection method.The present study aims to examine the structure to determine whether or not the arcade of Struthers exists through an anatomic dissection study of a fresh human cadaver and seeks to compare its findings with those in the literature. Twenty arms from fresh frozen cadavers were dissected. An arcade of Struthers was not found in any specimen. Study concluded that its existence is unproven, and the arcade of Struthers does not exist.

Concepts: Biology, Ontology, Anatomy, Existence, Reality, Cadaver, Dissection, Plato

25

A growing number of studies have documented the existence racial shooting biases against Black versus White targets (Correll et al., 2002). Little is known about individual differences that may moderate these biases. The goals of this study were to examine (a) whether White participants' fear of racial/ethnic minorities is associated with racial shooing biases, and (b) whether dehumanization and empathy moderate this effect.

Concepts: Black people, United Kingdom, Race, Ethnic group, Cultural studies, White people, Plato

21

Many states have laws requiring mammography facilities to tell women with dense breasts and a negative screening mammography result to discuss supplemental screening tests with their providers. The most readily available supplemental screening method is ultrasonography, but little is known about its effectiveness.

Concepts: Breast cancer, Breast, Mammography, Plato