SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Observational study

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 To examine changes in representation of women among first authors of original research published in high impact general medical journals from 1994 to 2014 and investigate differences between journals.

Concepts: Scientific method, Observational study, Academic publishing, Research, Woman, Author

340

Being married is associated with healthier lifestyle behaviours and lower mortality and may reduce risk for dementia due to life-course factors. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of the association between marital status and the risk of developing dementia.

Concepts: Marriage, Epidemiology, Observational study, The Association, Visual markers of marital status

254

Observational studies have demonstrated an association between decreased vitamin D level and risk of multiple sclerosis (MS); however, it remains unclear whether this relationship is causal. We undertook a Mendelian randomization (MR) study to evaluate whether genetically lowered vitamin D level influences the risk of MS.

Concepts: Vitamin D, Genetics, Observational study, Multiple sclerosis, Vitamins

172

The anticancer effects of legumes have been explored extensively, but evidence from epidemiologic studies on colorectal adenoma is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to assess these issues.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Observational study, Meta-analysis, Legume, Legumes

161

In some patients who undergo presurgical workup for drug-resistant epilepsy invasive seizure monitoring is needed to define the seizure onset zone and delineate eloquent cortex. Such procedures carry risks for complications causing permanent morbidity and even mortality. In this study, prospective data on complications in a national population-based sample were analysed.

Concepts: Observational study, Neurology, Epilepsy, Investment, Seizure

154

Is a higher use of resources by physicians associated with a reduced risk of malpractice claims?

Concepts: Observational study, Physician, Malpractice

151

Delirium has become better studied, but is still only partially understood and significantly underestimated. There are some well-known risk factors, but little is known about the incidence of delirium in the diverse patient population of a post anesthesia care unit (PACU). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of delirium using the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (NU-DESC).

Concepts: Scientific method, Patient, Observational study, Sociology, Anesthesia, Knowledge, Cultural studies, Post anesthesia care unit

144

We conducted a systematic literature review to assess the adverse event (AE) profile of paracetamol.

Concepts: Scientific method, Systematic review, Observational study

140

To examine whether respondents to a survey of health and physical activity and potential determinants could be grouped according to the questions they missed, known as ‘item missing’.

Concepts: Scientific method, Observational study, Knowledge, According to Jim