Concept: Observational study
The influence of social relationships on morbidity is widely accepted, but the size of the risk to cardiovascular health is unclear.
To examine changes in representation of women among first authors of original research published in high impact general medical journals from 1994 to 2014 and investigate differences between journals.
Observational studies have demonstrated an association between decreased vitamin D level and risk of multiple sclerosis (MS); however, it remains unclear whether this relationship is causal. We undertook a Mendelian randomization (MR) study to evaluate whether genetically lowered vitamin D level influences the risk of MS.
- Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
- Published 8 months ago
Being married is associated with healthier lifestyle behaviours and lower mortality and may reduce risk for dementia due to life-course factors. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of the association between marital status and the risk of developing dementia.
The anticancer effects of legumes have been explored extensively, but evidence from epidemiologic studies on colorectal adenoma is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to assess these issues.
Is a higher use of resources by physicians associated with a reduced risk of malpractice claims?
Delirium has become better studied, but is still only partially understood and significantly underestimated. There are some well-known risk factors, but little is known about the incidence of delirium in the diverse patient population of a post anesthesia care unit (PACU). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of delirium using the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (NU-DESC).
We conducted a systematic literature review to assess the adverse event (AE) profile of paracetamol.
Evaluation of Xagrid® Efficacy and Long-term Safety, a Phase IV, prospective, non interventional study performed in 13 European countries enrolled high risk essential thrombocythemia patients treated with cytoreductive therapy. Primary objectives were safety and pregnancy outcomes. Of 3721 registered patients, 3649 received cytoreductive therapy. At registration, 3611 were receiving: anagrelide (Xagrid®) (n=804), other cytoreductive therapy (n=2666), anagrelide + other cytoreductive therapy (n=141). Median age was 56 vs 70 years for anagrelide vs other cytoreductive therapy. Event rates (patients with events/100 patient years) were, for total thrombosis 1.62 vs 2.06, venous thrombosis 0.15 vs 0.53. Anagrelide was more commonly associated with hemorrhage (0.89 vs 0.43), especially with anti-aggregatory therapy (1.35 vs 0.33) and myelofibrosis (1.04 vs 0.30). Other cytoreductive therapies were more associated with acute leukemia (AL) (0.28 vs 0.07) and other malignancies (1.29 vs 0.44). Post-hoc multivariate analyses identified increased risk for thrombosis with prior thrombohemorrhagic events, age ≥65, cardiovascular risk factors, or hypertension. Risk factors for transformation were prior thrombohemorrhagic events, age ≥65, time since diagnosis, and platelet count increase. Safety analysis reflected published data and no new safety concerns for anagrelide were found. Live births occurred in 41/54 pregnancies (76%). (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT00567502).
An affordable, user-friendly fertility-monitoring tool remains an unmet need. We examine in this study the correlation between pulse rate (PR) and the menstrual phases using wrist-worn PR sensors. 91 healthy, non-pregnant women, between 22-42 years old, were recruited for a prospective-observational clinical trial. Participants measured PR during sleep using wrist-worn bracelets with photoplethysmographic sensors. Ovulation day was estimated with “Clearblue Digital-Ovulation-urine test”. Potential behavioral and nutritional confounders were collected daily. 274 ovulatory cycles were recorded from 91 eligible women, with a mean cycle length of 27.3 days (±2.7). We observed a significant increase in PR during the fertile window compared to the menstrual phase (2.1 beat-per-minute, p < 0.01). Moreover, PR during the mid-luteal phase was also significantly elevated compared to the fertile window (1.8 beat-per-minute, p < 0.01), and the menstrual phase (3.8 beat-per-minute, p < 0.01). PR increase in the ovulatory and mid-luteal phase was robust to adjustment for the collected confounders. There is a significant increase of the fertile-window PR (collected during sleep) compared to the menstrual phase. The aforementioned association was robust to the inter- and intra-person variability of menstrual-cycle length, behavioral, and nutritional profiles. Hence, PR monitoring using wearable sensors could be used as one parameter within a multi-parameter fertility awareness-based method.