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Concept: ObsCure II


The emphasis placed on the activities of mobile teams in the detection of gambiense human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) can at times obscure the major role played by fixed health facilities in HAT control and surveillance. The lack of consistent and detailed data on the coverage of passive case-finding and treatment further constrains our ability to appreciate the full contribution of the health system to the control of HAT.

Concepts: Parasitic diseases, Trypanosoma brucei, African trypanosomiasis, Major, Trypanosome, Tsetse fly, Sleeping sickness, ObsCure II


Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous malignancy. Terminal hair is not routinely removed for assessment of BCCs on the scalp and yet may obscure the true size of scalp BCCs. This can compromise effective management.

Concepts: Medical terms, Epithelium, Squamous cell carcinoma, Basal cell carcinoma, ObsCure II


Retrograde parotidectomy is employed in situations where tumors or scar tissue obscure the facial nerve trunk, making anterograde parotidectomy hazardous. Hence, the reliability of anatomical landmarks in retrograde parotidectomy is of equal practical importance.

Concepts: Scar, Cranial nerves, ObsCure II


The purpose of the study was to determine the volumes of pleural fluid (PF) required to produce visible menisci in the lateral and posterior costophrenic angles (CPA) and obscure the hemidiaphragms (HD) on upright frontal and lateral chest radiographs (CXRs), using volumetric analysis of chest computed tomography (CT).

Concepts: Volume, Medical imaging, Radiography, Pleural effusion, Tomography, Logic, ObsCure II


In the past, high resolution spectroscopy has been limited to small, simple molecules that yield relatively uncongested spectra. Larger and more complex molecules have a higher density of peaks and are susceptible to complications (e.g., effects from conical intersections) that can obscure the patterns needed to resolve and assign peaks. Recently, high resolution coherent 2D spectroscopy has been used to resolve and sort peaks into easily identifiable patterns for molecules where pattern-recognition has been difficult. For very highly congested spectra, however, the ability to resolve peaks using coherent 2D spectroscopy is limited by the bandwidth of instrumentation. In this paper, we introduce and investigate high resolution coherent 3D spectroscopy (HRC3D) as a method for dealing with heavily congested systems. The resulting patterns are unlike those in high resolution coherent 2D spectra. Analysis of HRC3D spectra could provide a means for exploring the spectroscopy of large and complex molecules that have previously been considered too difficult to study.

Concepts: Molecule, Dimension, Computer graphics, Display resolution, ObsCure II