SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Nubia

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Significant losses in sorghum biomass and grain yield occur in sub-Saharan Africa due to infection by the root parasitic weed Striga hermonthica [Del.] Benth. One strategy to avoid these losses is to adopt resistant crop varieties. To further delineate the role of germination stimulants in resistance we conducted a field experiment employing six sorghum genotypes, in eastern Sudan, and in parallel analysed the strigolactone levels in the root exudates of these genotypes under controlled conditions in Wageningen.

Concepts: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Sahara, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sorghum, Nubia

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To propose a roadmap and explore the cost implications of establishing a teleradiotherapy network to provide comprehensive cancer care and capacity building in countries without access to radiation therapy.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Chemotherapy, Black people, Nubia

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The metabolic impact of participating in a diabetes camp is little known among children and adolescents living with type 1 diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to assess the changes in glycemic control and insulin doses in a group of children and adolescents living with type 1 diabetes in Cameroon during and after camp attendance.

Concepts: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes, Equatorial Guinea, Nubia

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Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic childhood disorder worldwide. There is limited information about the CP panorama in sub-Saharan Africa. Our aim was to describe the clinical subtypes, gross and fine motor functions and presence of co-morbidities in a group of children with CP attending a tertiary hospital in Uganda.

Concepts: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cerebral palsy, Southern Africa, Motor skill, Nubia

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CT scanning of ancient human remains has the potential to provide insights into health and diseases. While Egyptian mummies have undergone CT scans in prior studies, a systematic survey of the orthopedic conditions afflicting a group of these ancient individuals has never been carried out.

Concepts: Geometry, Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptians, Ancient history, Mummy, Nubia, British Museum

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Sub-Saharan Africa has a shortage of well-trained biomedical research methodologists, in particular, biostatisticians. In July 2014, a group of biostatisticians and researchers from the region attended a brainstorming workshop to identify ways in which to reduce the deficit in this critical skill. The workshop recognized that recommendations from previous workshops on building biostatistics capacity in sub-Saharan Africa had not been implemented. The discussions culminated with a proposal to setup an Africa Center for Biostatistical Excellence, a collaborative effort across academic and researcher institutions within the region, as a vehicle for promoting biostatistics capacity building through specialized academic masters programs as well as regular workshops targeting researchers. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Concepts: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Sahara, Research, Southern Africa, Collaboration, Nubia

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We sought to identify the socioeconomic impact on people living with HIV (PLWH) in Sudan. Focus group discussions were used to collect data and identify the most outstanding domains of HIV impact on PLWH and the survival mechanisms that may be common to a group of diverse HIV-infected persons (n = 30). The findings indicated that the most striking financial and social impacts were due to stigma associated with HIV in the conservative Sudanese society, which led to loss of work with all its consequences (e.g., children’s education and health care expenses were affected). The socioeconomic impacts of HIV on infected populations are discussed, and suggestions for possible interventions to mitigate harmful impacts and stigma within the society, the workplace, and health care settings are highlighted. We concluded that HIV has intensified the existing problems of infected people, contributing to their vulnerability to poverty.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Africa, Focus group, Sociology, Uganda, Sudan, Nubia

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An enhanced meningitis surveillance network was established across the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa in 2003 to rapidly collect, disseminate, and use district weekly data on meningitis incidence. Following 10 years' experience with enhanced surveillance that included the introduction of a group A meningococcal conjugate vaccine, PsA-TT (MenAfriVac), in 2010, we analyzed the data on meningitis incidence and case fatality from countries reporting to the network.

Concepts: Malaria, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Black people, Meningitis, Neisseria meningitidis, African people, Nubia

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The Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP) was established to address epidemic meningitis as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa and, to that end, worked to develop a group A meningococcal conjugate vaccine, PsA-TT.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Malaria, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Vaccination, Meningitis, African people, Nubia

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In 2001, the Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP) was tasked to develop, test, license, and introduce a group A meningococcal (MenA) conjugate vaccine for sub-Saharan Africa. African public health officials emphasized that a vaccine price of less than US$0.50 per dose was necessary to ensure introduction and sustained use of this new vaccine.

Concepts: AIDS, Public health, Malaria, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Black people, Nubia