Concept: Natural philosophy
The natural history of unruptured cerebral aneurysms has not been clearly defined.
A restatement of recent advances in the natural science evidence base concerning neonicotinoid insecticides and insect pollinators
- Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society
- Published over 4 years ago
A summary is provided of recent advances in the natural science evidence base concerning the effects of neonicotinoid insecticides on insect pollinators in a format (a ‘restatement’) intended to be accessible to informed but not expert policymakers and stakeholders. Important new studies have been published since our recent review of this field (Godfray et al. 2014 Proc. R. Soc. B 281, 20140558. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0558)) and the subject continues to be an area of very active research and high policy relevance.
The association between olmesartan and an enteropathy histologically indistinguishable from untreated celiac disease has recently been described. However, pathogenetic mechanisms leading to villous atrophy, prevalence, natural history and genetic background of this condition have not yet been defined.
Spinal tuberculosis, natural history of disease, classifications and principles of management with historical perspective
- European journal of orthopaedic surgery & traumatology : orthopedie traumatologie
- Published almost 4 years ago
To describe the natural history spinal tuberculosis, classifications and principles of management based upon the grading of the neurological deficit.
- Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
- Published over 4 years ago
Gallbladder sludge is a common diagnosis on routine abdominal sonography, yet its clinical importance is uncertain, especially in outpatients. To determine its natural history and potential future complications in this setting, we reviewed the imaging and clinical histories of nonhospitalized patients with a diagnosis of sludge on sonography.
To review the intellectual history of concussion from the mid-19th century to the opening decade of the 21st century.
The natural history, management, and outcome of takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy are incompletely understood.
Science has always been a competitive undertaking. Despite recognition of the benefits of cooperation and team science, reduced availability of funding and jobs has made science more competitive than ever. Here we consider the benefits of competition in providing incentives to scientists and the adverse effects of competition on resource sharing, research integrity and creativity. The history of science shows that transformative discoveries often occur in the absence of competition, which only emerges once fields are established and goals are defined. Measures to encourage collaboration and ameliorate competition in the scientific enterprise are discussed.
To evaluate intervention rates, progression and cancer-specific survival outcomes of patients with complex renal cysts in a single center experience.
Progression from anorectal abscess to fistula is poorly described and it remains unclear which patients develop a fistula following an abscess. The aim was to assess the burden of anorectal abscess and to identify risk factors for subsequent fistula formation.