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Concept: National University of Singapore

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Faculty development (FD) is essential to prepare faculty members to become effective teachers to meet the challenges in medical education. Despite the growth of FD programmes, most evaluations were often conducted using short questionnaires to assess participants' satisfaction immediately after they attended a programme. Consequently, there were calls for more rigorous evaluations based on observed changes in participants' behaviours. Hence, this study aims to explore how the FD workshops run by the Centre for Medical Education, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore have impacted behavioural changes in the educators.

Concepts: Psychology, Medicine, Education, Physician, Medical school, Program, The Program, National University of Singapore

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Integrity and willingness to contribute to society are desired traits of medical students beyond academic excellence. We investigated the personality traits of medical students at the National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore, as they were about to become doctors. Personality traits were compared with a peer population of local university students.

Concepts: Psychology, Personality psychology, University, Academia, Big Five personality traits, Student, Trait theory, National University of Singapore

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Rapid development and advancement of bioresearch at a university’s laboratories can have both positive and negative implications for public health and the environment. Many research activities in which biological materials have been created, modified, stored, and manipulated require safety procedures to keep the negative effects on humans and the environment as low as possible. The Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental (OHS&E) Department of the University of Indonesia (UI) is trying to increase the awareness and responsibility of its university members and laboratory staffs who work with biohazard materials by creating a biorisk checklist. The checklist was developed based on WHO guidelines and the National University of Singapore (NUS) Laboratory Manual, which contains 311 questions about the management, administration, and handling of various hazards, recombinant experiments, and animal and plant experiments. A gap analysis was run against the checklist in 14 laboratories at the University of Indonesia Salemba campus, which daily works with highly infectious pathogens and high-risk agents. Overall result showed that none of these laboratories had met all of the checklist items, and there were only 2 laboratories that had implemented more than half of the items. This checklist was proven to be a simple tool for assessing laboratories that handle and store biohazard materials, and it could be used as a monitoring tool for biorisk programs as well. It also could be further developed as a laboratory software application to increase its effectiveness and its accuracy.

Concepts: Biology, Natural environment, University, Experiment, Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning, University of Indonesia

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Increasing financial challenges have resulted in great debt among medical graduates worldwide. In Singapore, more scholarships and bursaries have been disbursed in recent years to support students who are financially challenged. We aimed to study the financial status among medical students in the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (NUS Medicine), and the financial support available to them.

Concepts: Medicine, Physician, University, Pediatrics, Medical school, Finance, Corporate finance, National University of Singapore

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This study investigated the incidence and risk to staff groups for sustaining needlestick injuries (NSIs) in the National University Hospital (NUH), Singapore. A retrospective cohort review of incident NSI cases was undertaken to determine the injury rate, causation, and epidemiological profile of such injuries. Analysis of the risk of sustaining recurrent NSI by occupation and location was done using the Cox proportional hazards model. There were 244 NSI cases in 5957 employees in NUH in 2014, giving an incidence rate of 4·1/100 healthcare workers (HCWs) per year. The incidence rate was highest for doctors at 21·3, and 2·7 for nurses; 40·6% of injuries occurred in wards, and 32·8% in operating theatres. There were 27 cases of repeated NSI cases. The estimated cost due to NSIs in NUH ranged from US$ 109 800 to US$ 563 152 in 2014. We conclude that creating a workplace environment where top priority is given to prevention of NSIs in HCWs, is essential to address the high incidence of reported NSIs. The data collected will be of value to inform the design of prevention programmes to reduce further the risk of NSIs in HCWs.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Proportional hazards models, Hospital, Incidence, David Cox, Teaching hospital, Scrubs, National University of Singapore

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For more than four decades, the US Institute of Medicine (IOM) has operated as an independent nonprofit organization with a mission of providing guiding documents on matters of health and biomedical research, many of which are commissioned by the government. The IOM-part of the 151-year-old National Academy of Sciences-issues reports on a wide range of topics, from salt consumption to clinical trial data sharing, and convenes workshops at its headquarters in Washington, DC.The institute counts almost 2,000 experts among its members, including Victor Dzau. On 1 July, Dzau will replace health policy expert Harvey Fineberg as president of the IOM for a six-year term. A cardiologist and researcher by training, Dzau currently serves as chancellor for health affairs at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. During his time at Duke, he has broadened the reach of the institution by helping to launch the Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, the Duke Global Health Institute and the International Partnership for Innovative Healthcare Delivery. Roxanne Khamsi spoke with Dzau about his vision for the IOM. The conversation has been edited for clarity.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Healthcare, Health, Clinical trial, North Carolina, Duke University, National University of Singapore