SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Mihintale

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Little is known about how real-time online rating platforms such as Yelp may complement the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, which is the US standard for evaluating patients' experiences after hospitalization. We compared the content of Yelp narrative reviews of hospitals to the topics in the HCAHPS survey, called domains in HCAHPS terminology. While the domains included in Yelp reviews covered the majority of HCAHPS domains, Yelp reviews covered an additional twelve domains not found in HCAHPS. The majority of Yelp topics that most strongly correlate with positive or negative reviews are not measured or reported by HCAHPS. The large collection of patient- and caregiver-centered experiences found on Yelp can be analyzed with natural language processing methods, identifying for policy makers the measures of hospital quality that matter most to patients and caregivers. The Yelp measures and analysis can also provide actionable feedback for hospitals.

Concepts: Health care provider, Health insurance, Patient, Hospital, Evaluation, Physician, Psychiatric hospital, Mihintale

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There is a paucity of robust epidemiological data on snakebite, and data available from hospitals and localized or time-limited surveys have major limitations. No study has investigated the incidence of snakebite across a whole country. We undertook a community-based national survey and model based geostatistics to determine incidence, envenoming, mortality and geographical pattern of snakebite in Sri Lanka.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Geographic information system, Map, Sri Lanka, Mihintale, Cartography, Sri, Geospatial

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BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are potentially more vulnerable to prolonged hospital stay as they frequently require additional resources to facilitate their discharge. In an acute hospital setting, we aimed to quantify and compare length of stay (LOS) for all patients over and under the age of 65, and identify the number and cause of days lost under the care of a single surgical unit. METHODS: Over a 4 month period from January to April 2010, data on the management and source of potential delay was collected daily on consecutive patients admitted and discharged under the care of one consultant surgeon at a district general hospital. Statistical analysis was then performed with particular focus on actual delays affecting elderly patients. RESULTS: A total of 99 complete inpatients episodes were recorded. There were 30 elective and 69 acute admissions. 10 (33%) elective vs. 42 (61%) acute patients encountered delays, losing 39 and 232 days respectively (chi2 [1, N = 99] = 6.36, p = .012). 23 of a total 39 elderly patients admitted acutely required specialist care of the elderly opinion and placement in community hospitals resulting in delays of 188 days. vs. 36 days for the 16 discharged home and 8 days for 30 patients under 65 (chi2 (2, N = 69) = 26.54, p = <.001). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients experiencing acute surgical admission and discharge to community hospitals had prolonged LOS due to significant delays associated with care of the elderly provision. The financial considerations behind bed capacity in primary and secondary care and the provision of care of elderly services need to be balanced against unnecessary occupancy of acute hospital beds with its associated health and economic implications.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Surgeon, Psychiatric hospital, Hospitals, Mihintale

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Incidence of child sexual abuse is increasing worldwide. There is little data on child sexual abuse in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka.

Concepts: Child abuse, Sri Lanka, Sexual abuse, Mihintale, Western Province, Sri Lanka, Northern Province, Sri Lanka, Provinces of Sri Lanka, North Western Province, Sri Lanka

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Rabies is a global problem which occurs in more than 150 countries and territories including Sri Lanka, where human deaths from rabies are in decline whilst resources incurred for prevention of rabies are in sharp incline over the years. In this backdrop, we aim to audit the post-exposure treatment (PET) in rabies and the pattern of animal bites in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka.

Concepts: Flea, Tertiary referral hospital, Sri Lanka, Veterinary medicine, Bite, Post-exposure prophylaxis, Mihintale, Sri

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Nutritional decline during and after acute hospitalisation is common amongst older people. This quality improvement initiative aimed to introduce a dietitian-led discharge planning and follow-up program (Hospital to Home Outreach for Malnourished Elders, HHOME) at two hospitals within usual resources to improve nutritional and functional recovery.

Concepts: Better, Improve, Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Psychiatric hospital, Hospitals, Mihintale

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Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with Medicaid, Medicare, or no insurance show poor outcomes in comparison with privately insured patients. It was hypothesized that nonprivate insurance coverage biases the selection of the treatment site to favor hospitals that are not associated with optimum treatment outcomes. This study assessed the relation between the insurance type of HNC patients and the hospital type for inpatient care.

Concepts: Health insurance, Patient, Hospital, Physician, Insurance, Psychiatric hospital, Hospital accreditation, Mihintale

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Early hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge are common and costly. This research describes predictors of all-cause, 30-day hospital readmissions among persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), a group known to experience high rates of hospitalization.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Mental disorder, Developmental disability, Disability, Mental illness, Psychiatric hospital, Mihintale

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The rising prevalence of dementia is impacting on acute hospitals and placing increased expectations on health and social care professionals to improve the support and services they are delivering. It has been recommended that good practice in dementia care relies on adopting a palliative approach to care and meeting people’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs. Increased dementia training for staff that includes initiatives that promote dignity; enhancing communication skills and recognizing that a person with dementia may be approaching the end of their lives are needed. Our study aim was to explore whether Namaste Care is an acceptable and effective service for people with advanced dementia being cared for on an acute hospital ward.

Concepts: Health insurance, Hospital, Sociology, Neurology, Hospice, Psychiatric hospital, Hospitals, Mihintale