SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Mihintale

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Little is known about how real-time online rating platforms such as Yelp may complement the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, which is the US standard for evaluating patients' experiences after hospitalization. We compared the content of Yelp narrative reviews of hospitals to the topics in the HCAHPS survey, called domains in HCAHPS terminology. While the domains included in Yelp reviews covered the majority of HCAHPS domains, Yelp reviews covered an additional twelve domains not found in HCAHPS. The majority of Yelp topics that most strongly correlate with positive or negative reviews are not measured or reported by HCAHPS. The large collection of patient- and caregiver-centered experiences found on Yelp can be analyzed with natural language processing methods, identifying for policy makers the measures of hospital quality that matter most to patients and caregivers. The Yelp measures and analysis can also provide actionable feedback for hospitals.

Concepts: Health care provider, Health insurance, Patient, Hospital, Evaluation, Physician, Psychiatric hospital, Mihintale

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There is a paucity of robust epidemiological data on snakebite, and data available from hospitals and localized or time-limited surveys have major limitations. No study has investigated the incidence of snakebite across a whole country. We undertook a community-based national survey and model based geostatistics to determine incidence, envenoming, mortality and geographical pattern of snakebite in Sri Lanka.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Geographic information system, Map, Sri Lanka, Mihintale, Cartography, Sri, Geospatial

1

Under the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) model, hospitals are held accountable for nearly all Medicare payments that occur during the initial hospitalization until 90 days after hospital discharge (ie, the episode of care). It is not known whether unrelated expenditures resulting from this “broad” definition of an episode of care will affect participating hospitals' average episode-of-care payments.

Concepts: Health insurance, Hospital, Psychiatric hospital, Emergency department, Hospital accreditation, Hospitals, Mihintale

1

Rabies is a global problem which occurs in more than 150 countries and territories including Sri Lanka, where human deaths from rabies are in decline whilst resources incurred for prevention of rabies are in sharp incline over the years. In this backdrop, we aim to audit the post-exposure treatment (PET) in rabies and the pattern of animal bites in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka.

Concepts: Flea, Tertiary referral hospital, Sri Lanka, Veterinary medicine, Bite, Post-exposure prophylaxis, Mihintale, Sri

0

Sri Lanka records substantial numbers of snakebite annually. Primary rural hospitals are important contributors to health care. Health care planning requires a more detailed understanding of snakebite within this part of the health system. This study reports the management and epidemiology of all hospitalised snakebite in the Kurunegala district in Sri Lanka.

Concepts: Health economics, Health insurance, Epidemiology, Clinical trial, Hospital, Sri Lanka, Mihintale, North Western Province, Sri Lanka

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This study revisits the clinico-epidemiology and serological patterns of rickettsioses in the central region of Sri Lanka and highlights the need of advanced diagnostics for precise identification of species responsible for rickettsioses.

Concepts: Virus, Sri Lanka, Buddhism, Tamil language, Mihintale, Sri Lankan Civil War

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Long-term acute care hospitals (LTACs) are health care facilities capable of admitting complex patients with high acuity that are unable to return home after hospitalization in acute care. Its defining characteristic is to accommodate patients for a length of stay greater than 25 days, however, little is known about its role of preventing hospital readmissions. Created in the 1980s, these facilities were designed to help acute care facilities improve their resource management, expenditures, and quality of care. Although these units were initially created for chronic ventilator weaning, their scope of practice has broadened. This article analyzes studies and suggests role of LTACs in reducing hospital readmissions.

Concepts: Health care, Health insurance, Patient, Hospital, Physician, Psychiatric hospital, Hospitals, Mihintale

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Challenges with limited single rooms and isolation facilities in hospitals have created an opportunity for temporary, portable isolation technology. This article describes the process used to evaluate the prototype of a new isolation room (RediRoom; CareStrategic Ltd, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia) that can be installed in existing hospital ward areas. Our aim is to assess the functionality of this new room, and in so doing, to evaluate the methods used.

Concepts: Hospital, Australia, Psychiatric hospital, Emergency department, Hospitals, Mihintale, Brisbane

0

Treatment costs are found to vary substantially and systematically within DRGs. Several factors have been shown to contribute to the variation in costs within DRGs. We argue that readmissions might also explain part of the observed variation in costs. A substantial number of all readmissions occur to a different hospital. The change in hospital indicates that a progression of the illness has occurred since the initial hospitalisation. As a result, different-hospital readmissions might be more costly compared to same-hospital admissions. The aim of this paper is twofold. Firstly, to analyse differences in costs between different-hospital readmissions and same-hospital readmissions within the same DRG. Secondly, to investigate whether the effect of different-hospital readmission on costs vary depending of provider type (general versus teaching hospital). We use a rich Danish patient-level administrative data set covering inpatient stays in the period 2008-2010. We exploit the fact that some patients are readmitted within the same DRG and that some of these readmissions occur at different hospitals in a propensity score difference-in-difference design. The estimates are based on a restricted sample of n = 328 patients. Our results show that the costs of different-hospital readmissions are significantly higher relative to the costs of same-hospital readmission (approx. €777). Furthermore, the cost difference is found to be almost twice the size for patients readmitted to a teaching hospital (approx. €1016) (P < 0.10) compared to patients readmitted to a different general hospital (approx. €511) (P < 0.10). The results suggest that hospitals in general face a potential risk by treating different-hospital readmissions, and that the financial consequences are highest among teaching hospitals. If teaching hospitals are not compensated for the additional costs of treating different-hospital readmission patients, they might be unfairly funded under a DRG-based payment scheme.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Physician, Difference, Psychiatric hospital, House, Teaching hospital, Mihintale

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This study is to evaluate the impact of cooperation between acute care hospital and rehabilitation hospital on physical function, exercise tolerance, activities of daily living (ADL), health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), and psychological function in heart disease patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. Among patients undergoing concurrent medical treatment and cardiac rehabilitation starting early in acute care hospitalization, we selected 30 patients who required continued cardiac rehabilitation in rehabilitation hospitals as subjects. At the time of admission and discharge from the rehabilitation hospital, we measured and compared physical function [grip strength, knee extension strength, and the short physical performance battery (SPPB)], ADL ability using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), exercise tolerance [six-minute walking distance (6MD)], and psychological functions such as the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). The average age of the subjects was 76.8 years and 60% were women. In 70% of cases, musculoskeletal causes were the reasons for continued cardiac rehabilitation in a rehabilitation hospital. In evaluations before and after hospitalization, significant improvements were observed in knee extension strength and the results of the SPPB (p < 0.01), FIM, and 6MD (p < 0.01). In SF-36, significant improvements were observed in physical function, role functioning, vitality, and emotional functioning (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). With intensive cardiac rehabilitation in rehabilitation hospitals, physical function, ADL, exercise tolerance, and HR-QOL improved significantly. As the severity and prevalence of heart disease are expected to increase in association with multiple disabilities and aging, the importance of cooperation between acute care hospitals and rehabilitation hospitals will increase; therefore, cardiac rehabilitation should be the basis for such cooperation.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Cardiology, Heart, Surgery, Physician, Psychiatric hospital, Mihintale