SciCombinator

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Concept: Meckel's diverticulum

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Although duodenal diverticula are common, periampullary duodenal diverticula are rare. Periampullary duodenal diverticula are usually asymptomatic and may be difficult to diagnose and treat. However, they may present with massive bleeding, requiring prompt diagnosis.

Concepts: Medical terms, Diagnosis, Greek loanwords, Hemostasis, Bleeding, Diverticulum, Meckel's diverticulum

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Meckel’s diverticulum is usually asymptomatic and found in almost 2% of the population. Haemorrhage from a Meckel’s diverticulum is common in children but rare in adults. Here we report a case of 20 years old male with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. Meckel’s diverticulum was diagnosed due to abnormal vascularity on mesenteric angiography and embolization was performed. Diagnosis was correlated with other radiological imaging and later elective resection was performed. This case is reported to emphasize the potential role of mesenteric angiography in the detection and management of bleeding Meckel’s diverticulum and correlation with other radiological imaging.

Concepts: Medical terms, Surgery, Medical imaging, Digestive system, Gastroenterology, Radiology, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Meckel's diverticulum

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Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital malformations of gastrointestinal tract in children. However, the nonspecific clinical manifestations of MD often cause a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge to pediatric surgeon. This study aimed to review our experience in managing this disease while evaluating the management strategies.

Concepts: Medicine, Digestive system, Congenital disorder, Congenital disorders, Congenital, Meckel's diverticulum

0

Gastric diverticula consist a rare form of diverticula of the gastrointestinal tract. They can be described as an “out-pouching” protrusion from the gastric wall. They are usually found in patients aged between 20 and 60 years old.

Concepts: Medical terms, Surgery, Digestive system, Inguinal hernia, Hernia, Abdomen, Digestion, Meckel's diverticulum

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 A 43-year old male patient was admitted because of diffuse abdominal discomfort for two days, which had started in the upper abdomen; medical history, no previous surgical interventions at the abdomen.

Concepts: Medicine, Digestive system, Abdominal pain, Large intestine, Gastroenterology, Small intestine, Abdomen, Meckel's diverticulum

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A gastric diverticulum is a rare form of diverticular disease due to outpouching of the gastric wall. It is equally presented within both sexes and commonly occurs in fifth and sixth decades of life. Patients mostly asymptomatic but may present with mild gastric symptoms. Surgical treatment is largely dependent on the patient’s symptoms, and a laparoscopic approach is usually recommended for surgery.

Concepts: Medical terms, Surgery, Meckel's diverticulum

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It is unclear whether simple diverticulectomy, rather than segmental bowel resection (SBR), is adequate treatment for gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) secondary to Meckel diverticulum (MD). There is concern that ulcers in the adjacent bowel may continue to bleed if only the diverticulum is removed. This study seeks to determine if diverticulectomy is satisfactory treatment for bleeding MD.

Concepts: Digestive system, Gastroenterology, Bleeding, Diverticulum, Gastrointestinal bleeding, Meckel's diverticulum

0

Giant Meckel’s diverticula are a relatively rare form of Meckel’s, and henceforth their natural history is not clearly defined. They’re currently thought of as an infrequent form of ileal dysgenesis. Noted complications include perforation, torsion and bowel obstruction. A much rarer presentation is Giant Meckel’s diverticulitis.

Concepts: Group, Nature, Perforation, Rare, History of science, Natural science, Meckel's diverticulum, Natural history

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Meckel’s diverticulum is present in 2% of the general population and its inverted presentation is rare. The most frequent complications are gastrointestinal hemorrhage, obstruction, intussusception and perforation. In general, these complications occur in the first two decades of life, and mostly before the fourth decade. We present a case of inverted MD that started as a digestive hemorrhage of obscure origin in a 77-year-old man who was diagnosed by endoscopic capsule.

Concepts: Medical terms, Colonoscopy, Gastroenterology, Endoscopy, Meckel's diverticulum

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Meckel diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract and the most common cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Although it usually follows the rule of 2’s, exceptions to this rule are reported in the literature. Often asymptomatic, MD is commonly an incidental finding during surgical interventions. When symptomatic, the most common presentation of this condition is painless rectal bleeding. A myriad of other nonspecific symptoms are however possible, especially in adults, thus making this diagnosis difficult. Meckel diverticulum has been reported to mimic other abdominal pathologies like appendicitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and pancreatitis to name a few.We report a patient with acute abdomen in whom the more common causes of acute abdomen were ruled out and a diagnosis of MD was established on exploratory laparoscopy, only after he developed perforation. This report emphasizes the need for maintaining a high index of suspicion towards a possibility of a complicated MD in patients presenting with an acute abdomen, once other causes of acute abdomen are ruled out.

Concepts: Inflammation, Medical terms, Digestive system, Abdominal pain, Colonoscopy, Gastroenterology, Abdomen, Meckel's diverticulum