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Concept: Marilyn Monroe


To examine levels of, correlates of, and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among U.S. females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Humid subtropical climate, Henry David Thoreau, Marilyn Monroe, Ralph Waldo Emerson


Loneliness is a common source of distress, suffering, and impaired quality of life in older persons. We examined the relationship between loneliness, functional decline, and death in adults older than 60 years in the United States.

Concepts: Life, United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, English language, War of 1812, Marilyn Monroe, French and Indian War


To examine changes over 40 years (1970-2010) in life expectancy, life expectancy with disability, and disability-free life expectancy for American men and women of all ages.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Humid subtropical climate, Frank Lloyd Wright, Women's rights, Marilyn Monroe



The 35th president of the United States, John F. Kennedy (JFK), experienced chronic back pain beginning in his early 20s. He underwent a total of 4 back operations, including a discectomy, an instrumentation and fusion, and 2 relatively minor surgeries that failed to significantly improve his pain. The authors examined the nature and etiology of JFK’s back pain and performed a detailed investigation into the former president’s numerous medical evaluations and treatment modalities. This information may lead to a better understanding of the profound effects that JFK’s chronic back pain and its treatment had on his life and presidency, and even his death.

Concepts: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Democratic Party, Marilyn Monroe, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Irish American, Martin Luther King, Jr., John F. Kennedy assassination


To determine how cognitively healthy and cognitively impaired life expectancy have changed from 2000 to 2010 among American men and women 65 years of age and over.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Olympic Games, Humid subtropical climate, Winter Olympic Games, Frank Lloyd Wright, Marilyn Monroe


The authors explored the relationship between income inequality and self-reported oral health and oral health-related quality of life.

Concepts: Life, United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Economic inequality, Barack Obama, Massachusetts, Marilyn Monroe


Background: Linguistic inquiry and word count (LIWC), a computerized method for text analysis, is often used to examine suicide writings in order to characterize the quantitative linguistic features of suicidal texts. Aims: To analyze texts compiled in Marilyn Monroe’s Fragments using LIWC, in order to explore the use of different linguistic categories in her narrative over the years. Method: Selected texts were grouped into four periods of similar word count and processed with LIWC. Spearman’s rank correlation was used to assess changes in language use across the documents over time. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to compare means between periods and for each of the 80 LIWC output scores. Results: Significant differences (p < .05) were found in 11 categories, the most relevant being a progressive decrease in the use of negative emotion words, a reduction in the use of long words in the third period, and an increase in the proportion of personal pronouns used as Monroe approached the time of her death. Conclusions: The consistently elevated usage of first-person personal singular pronouns and the consistently diminished usage of first-person personal plural pronouns are in line with previous studies linking this pattern with a low level of social integration, which has been related to suicide according to different theories.

Concepts: Statistical tests, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, Non-parametric statistics, Correlation and dependence, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, Rank correlation, Grammatical person, Marilyn Monroe


Research on coresidence between parents and their adult children in the United States has challenged the myth that elders are the primary beneficiaries, instead showing that intergenerationally extended households generally benefit the younger generation more than their parents. Nevertheless, the economic fortunes of those at the older and younger ends of the adult life course have shifted in the second half of the twentieth century, with increasing financial well-being among older adults and greater financial strain among younger adults. This article uses U.S. census and American Community Survey (ACS) data to examine the extent to which changes in generational financial well-being over the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have been reflected in the likelihood of coresidence and financial dependency in parent-adult child U.S. households between 1960 and 2010. We find that younger adults have become more financially dependent on their parents and that while older adults have become more financially independent of their adult children, they nevertheless coreside with their needy adult children. We also find that the effect of economic considerations in decisions about coresidence became increasingly salient for younger adults, but decreasingly so for older adults.

Concepts: United States, Economics, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Cold War, Humid subtropical climate, Marilyn Monroe, Primary election


To describe the distribution of perfusion index (PI) in asymptomatic newborns at 24 hours of life when screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) using an automated data selection method.

Concepts: Scientific method, Observational study, United States, Cultural studies, Marilyn Monroe