Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Laser hair removal


Abstract Background: Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a very common disorder; yet, very few treatment options are available. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of KP. Materials and methods: Eighteen patients with untreated KP on the upper outer arms were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. One arm was treated with long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser at 30 msec pulse width and fluence of 34 J/cm(2), while the contralateral arm served as control. Patients received three consecutive treatments at 4-week intervals. Three blinded dermatologists assessed digital photographs using a quartile grading system to separately rate global improvement, erythema and the number of keratotic papules. Results: Seventeen patients completed the study. There were statistically significant improvements in global assessment, erythema and the number of keratotic papules at 4 weeks after the last treatment (p < 0.05). All patients also stated that their lesions improved and were satisfied with the laser treatment. Conclusion: Long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser has been shown to improve KP in Thai patients compared with control after three treatment sessions.

Concepts: Better, Clinical trial, Improve, Randomized controlled trial, Laser, Clinical research, Keratosis pilaris, Laser hair removal


BACKGROUND: Unwanted hair growth is a common aesthetic problem. Laser hair removal has emerged as a leading treatment option for long-term depilation. OBJECTIVES: To extensively review the literature on laser hair removal pertaining to its theoretical basis, current laser and light-based devices, and their complications. Special treatment recommendations for darker skin types were considered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search related to the long-pulse alexandrite (755 nm), long-pulse diode (810 nm), long-pulse neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG; 1,064 nm), and intense pulsed light (IPL) system, as well as newer home-use devices, was conducted. RESULTS: The literature supports the use of the alexandrite, diode, Nd:YAG and IPL devices for long-term hair removal. Because of its longer wavelength, the Nd:YAG is the best laser system to use for pigmented skin. Further research is needed regarding the safety and efficacy of home-use devices. CONCLUSION: Current in-office laser hair removal devices effectively provide a durable solution for unwanted hair removal.

Concepts: Light, Hirsutism, Yttrium aluminium garnet, Intense pulsed light, Hair removal, Laser hair removal, Depilation, Electrology


ABSTRACT Inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus (ILVEN) is a benign cutaneous hamartoma, and more precisely an uncommon variant of the verrucous epidermal nevus. In our case report we describe an ILVEN female patient, resistant to previous treatments but responsive to a combined laser therapy, 10,600-nm CO2 laser and Fractional CO2 laser, with good and longstanding results. A complete resolution of the lesion was observed at the 9-month follow-up. The application of lasers has been reported in literature over recent years for resolving ILVEN lesions. Based on our clinical experience, 10,600-nm CO2 pulsed laser therapy seems to be the best treatment and Fractional CO2 laser treatment can be regarded as a very promising technique to combine with CO2 laser for reducing pigment modifications and endowing a more youthful appearance to the treated areas.

Concepts: Laser, Carbon dioxide laser, Infrared, Population inversion, Bell Labs, Lasers, Raygun, Laser hair removal


Fox-Fordyce disease is an uncommon inflammatory disease of the apocrine sweat glands. Two recent reports indicated laser hair removal as a novel cause of axillary Fox-Fordyce disease. We report the first case of Fox-Fordyce disease developing in women after completing treatment with a depilatory hair laser appearing in the axillae, umbilicus, and pubis. We describe a case of Fox-Fordyce disease that developed in a 27-year-old woman 3 months after she had completed two LightSheer Diode laser treatments of her axilla, periumbilical region, and bikini area. Clinical and histopathological changes are as well detailed. Laser therapy induces damage to follicular infundibulum, resulting in altered maturation of keratinocytes which led to keratin plugging causing the common pathologic features in Fox-Fordyce disease. Differences in the physiologic features of the anatomic sites, in the susceptibility to laser-induced injury among these areas, or additional factors may contribute to Fox-Fordyce disease.

Concepts: Medicine, Laser, Laser medicine, Sweat gland, Axilla, Hair removal, Laser hair removal, Electrology


BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TA) has recently gained in popularity in the treatment of pigmentary disorders. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of oral TA combined with low-fluence 1064-nm quality-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (QSNY) laser for the treatment of melasma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients with melasma were enrolled in the study and subsequently divided into two groups: a combination group and a laser treatment group. All patients were treated with two sessions of low-fluence QSNY laser, and patients in the combination group took 8 weeks of oral TA. Two blinded dermatologists evaluated patients using the Modified Melasma Area and Severity Index (mMASI) and a clinical improvement scale. RESULTS: Mean mMASI score 4 weeks after the second treatment decreased significantly in both groups from base line. Based on overall clinical improvement, a greater number of patients scored as grade 3 and more in the combination group; no patients were scored as grade 4 in the laser-alone group. CONCLUSIONS: Oral TA may prove a safe and efficient treatment option for melasma in combination with low-fluence QSNY laser therapy.

Concepts: Medicine, Aluminium, Dye laser, Erbium, Yttrium aluminium garnet, Garnet, Laser hair removal


Ocular tissues are known to be sensitive to damage from exposure to laser emissions. This study reports the case of a female patient with acute unilateral anterior uveitis caused by alexandrite laser-assisted hair removal of the eyebrows. We report a 38-year-old female who presented with unilateral eye pain, redness, and photophobia after receiving alexandrite (755 nm) laser epilation of both eyebrows. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes. Right eye examination was normal. Left eye examination showed conjunctival injection and 2+/3+ cells in the anterior chamber. Intraocular pressure and fundus examination were normal. Topical steroids and cycloplegic drops were prescribed for 3 weeks. At the end of the 3-week follow-up, best corrected visual acuity was 20/20, and intraocular pressure and fundus examination were normal in both eyes. The left eye was white, and the anterior chamber was clear. The patient continues to be monitored. In conclusion, without adequate protective eyewear, laser hair removal of the eyebrows with alexandrite laser can lead to ocular damage.

Concepts: Laser, Eye, Visual acuity, Ophthalmology, Waxing, Hair removal, Laser hair removal, Electrology


Recently, the first diode laser with a wavelength of 755 nm for in-motion hair removal came on the market. The objective of this study was to check its efficacy, safety, and practicality under different options for its use.

Concepts: Laser, Laser diode, Laser pointer, Clinical psychology, Laser hair removal


Laser therapy has become a routine procedure in dermatological practice and is frequently also used for pigmented lesions. Few reports exist of melanomas diagnosed in lesions previously treated by laser therapy. Between 2007 and 2014, we identified 11 patients who presented to our department with a melanoma diagnosed in a region previously treated by laser therapy. The course of events until the diagnosis of melanoma was assessed as well as patient outcome including treatment for disease progression. No histological assessment had been performed prior to laser therapy in nine of 11 (82%) cases. Benign melanocytic lesions had been diagnosed by biopsy prior to laser therapy in the other two cases. Time from laser therapy to diagnosis of melanoma ranged from less than 1 to 10 years. Stage of disease at diagnosis varied from stage IA to IIIC. Four patients progressed to stage IV disease, of whom at least one died of melanoma. We conclude that laser treatment of pigmented lesions can complicate the diagnosis of melanoma and lead to diagnosis delay with potentially fatal consequences. Considering this risk, we believe laser therapy for pigmented lesions should either be avoided entirely or at a minimum performed only after prior histological assessment.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Medical terms, Hospital, Dye laser, Acral lentiginous melanoma, Laser hair removal


Angiolytic laser removal of early glottic cancer with ultra-narrow margins was reported in a pilot study 5 years ago as an innovative surgical treatment strategy to better preserve vocal function. Subsequently, in a cohort of > 90 patients, enhanced voice outcomes were achieved and there was diminished need for post-treatment phonosurgical reconstruction. However, the initial pilot study examining oncologic efficacy had a limited number of patients and most did not have 3-year follow-up. Consequently, further analysis of the oncologic efficacy is valuable.

Concepts: Ultraviolet, Surgery, Laser, Human voice, Phonation, Laser hair removal


Alopecia is a common disorder affecting over half of the world’s population. Within this condition, androgenic alopecia (AA) is the most common type, affecting 50% of males over 40 and 75% of females over 65. Anecdotal paradoxical hypertrichosis noted during laser epilation has generated interest in the possibility of using laser to stimulate hair growth. In this study, we aimed to critically appraise the application of low-level laser therapy for the treatment of AA in adults. A systematic review was performed on studies identified on Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane database, and Double-blinded randomized controlled trials were selected and analyzed quantitatively (meta-analysis) and qualitatively (quality of evidence, risk of bias). Low-level laser therapy appears to be a promising noninvasive treatment for AA in adults that is safe for self-administration in the home setting. Although shown to effectively stimulate hair growth when compared to sham devices, these results must be interpreted with caution. Further studies with larger samples, longer follow-up, and independent funding sources are necessary to determine the clinical effectiveness of this novel therapy.

Concepts: Medicine, Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Randomized controlled trial, Laser medicine, Androgenic alopecia, Hair removal, Laser hair removal