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Concept: Kingdom of Hungary


Behcet’s disease is a multisystem autoimmune disease with variable clinial manifestations. The diagnosis may pose a difficult challenge for the clinician, who has to be familiar with the wide spectrum and combination of the symptoms of Behcet’s disease. It is considered a rare disease in Hungary, and there are only few reports on Behcet’s disease in the Hungarian literature. However, the past history of Hungary, the worldwide growing incidence of the disease, and the authors' experience raise the possibility that the occurrence of the disease is higher than previously thought. In this review the authors present and discuss literature data on the pathogenesis and pathomechanism, as well as their own experience concerning the symptomatology of Behcet’s disease in order to promote diagnosis and offer adequate therapy for the patients. The authors presume that the importance of the disease is underestimated in Hungary due to a considerable number of unrecognized cases and they propose to establish a national registry for Behcets disease. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 93-101.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Medical terms, Autoimmune diseases, Prevalence, Hungary, Behçet's disease, Hungarian language, Kingdom of Hungary


Debate persists regarding the biological makeup of European Ottoman communities settled during the expansion of the Ottoman Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries, and the roles of conversion and migration in shaping demography and population history. The aim of this study was to perform an assessment of the biological affinities of three European Ottoman series based on craniometric data.

Concepts: Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire, World War I, Transylvania, Russian Empire, Byzantine Empire, Vienna, Kingdom of Hungary


On August 10, 2015, Hungary lost one of its distinguished scientists: Dr. Andrew Czeizel - medical geneticist, teratologist, epidemiologist and one of the world experts in human congenital anomalies - passed away in Budapest after a valiant battle with myeloid leukemia (diagnosed in May 2013). He remained active nearly to the end of his life.

Concepts: Evolution, Developmental biology, English-language films, Europe, Hungary, American record labels, Kingdom of Hungary, Košice


Since the 1930s, the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at Semmelweis University (DPPSU) in Budapest has played a leading role in convulsive therapy in Hungary. The aim of this study was to describe the pattern of ECT use at the DPPSU over an 11-year period.

Concepts: Seizure, Psychosis, Psychiatry, Electroconvulsive therapy, Hungary, Kingdom of Hungary, Budapest, Hungarian people