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Concept: John Charnley

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Background and purpose - Several studies have reported on the influence of various factors on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after total hip arthroplasty (THA), but very few have focused on the experience of the surgeon. We investigated any association between surgeons' experience and PROs 1 year after primary THA. Patients and methods - Patient characteristics and surgical data at 10 hospitals in western Sweden were linked with PROs (EQ-5D-3L, Satisfaction Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Pain VAS). These data were retrieved from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR). The surgeon’s level of experience was divided into 4 subgroups related to experience: < 8 years, 8-15 years, and >15 years of clinical practice after specialist certificate. If no specialist certificate was obtained the surgery was classified as a trainee surgery. Surgeons with >15 years' experience as an orthopedic specialist were used as reference group in the analyses. Results - 8,158 primary THAs due to osteoarthritis were identified. We identified the surgeons' level of experience in 8,116 THAs. Data from SHAR on pre- and postoperative PROs and satisfaction at 1 year were available for 6,713 THAs. We observed a statistically significant difference among the 4 groups of surgeons regarding mean patient age, ASA classification, Charnley classification, diagnosis, and fixation technique. At 1-year follow-up, there were no statistically significant differences in Pain VAS, EQ-5D index, or EQ VAS among the subgroups of orthopedic specialists. Patients operated on by orthopedic trainees reported less satisfaction with the result of the surgery compared with the reference group. Interpretation - These findings indicate that patients can expect similar health improvements, pain reduction, and satisfaction 1 year after a primary THA operation irrespective of years in practice after specialty certification as an orthopedic surgeon.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Statistical significance, Physician, Hip replacement, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley

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Rates of total hip arthroplasty (THA) are projected to increase in the coming decades. Multiple studies have focused on identifying risk factors for adverse events after joint arthroplasty, and recent attention has been directed toward cancer. Very limited data have been published examining the effects of history of malignancy on outcomes after THA. With a concomitant increase in breast cancer diagnosis and treatments in recent years, it is expected that orthopedic surgeons will likely see more breast cancer survivors in clinic. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a personal history of breast cancer on 90-day outcomes after THA.

Concepts: Cancer, Breast cancer, Metastasis, Hip replacement, Hip, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley

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Venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis is recommended for all patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. The selection of an appropriate prophylaxis regimen represents a balance between efficacy and safety. To help orthopaedic surgeons select an appropriate VTE prophylaxis regimen for their patients, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American College of Chest Physicians have developed guidelines. These guidelines do not recommend an optimal regimen, however. Rather, an individualized prophylaxis regimen that balances efficacy and safety is recommended for each patient, based on various risk factors. Because of a paucity of data and a lack of adequately powered head-to-head trials, implementing these guidelines can be challenging for the orthopaedic surgeon. Knowledge of the prophylaxis options and the VTE risk factors is paramount for developing an effective VTE prophylaxis algorithm for the surgeon’s practice.

Concepts: Hospital, Physician, Hip replacement, Hip, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, Knee replacement, John Charnley

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The purpose of the present study was (i) to review the long-term outcome of cemented Charnley total hip replacements (THRs) performed by 1 surgeon (GH), 20 to 42 years ago, in patients ≥60 years, using both the Kaplan-Meier (KM) and the cumulative incidence (CI) methods, and (ii) to compare the estimations of the 2 statistical methods.

Concepts: Time, Epidemiology, Hip replacement, Hip, Pelvis, Orthopedic surgery, Estimation, John Charnley

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Patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) would be a worthy population for anti-staphylococcal vaccines. The objective is to assess sample size for significant vaccine efficacy (VE) in a randomized clinical trial (RCT).

Concepts: Epidemiology, Clinical trial, Randomized controlled trial, Pharmaceutical industry, Hip replacement, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley

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Lower-limb discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty is the third-most common reason for patient dissatisfaction in orthopaedic surgery. Therefore, accurate planning and evaluation methods are mandatory. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the EOS™ system by establishing and comparing the reproducibility of lower-limb automatic and manual 3D measurements. We hypothesized that the reproducibility of the lower-limb measurements is similar regardless of the method used and with an agreement higher than 0.95 for the length parameters.

Concepts: Scientific method, Evaluation, Psychometrics, Hip replacement, Hip, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley

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Limb length discrepancy is the leading cause of patient dissatisfaction following total hip arthroplasty and the most common reason for litigation in the field of orthopaedics. This article provides a systematic, stepwise approach for identifying the aetiology of limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty and provides guidance on the treatment of this complication to optimize postoperative clinical and functional outcomes. This review discusses postoperative history taking, clinical examination, radiographic assessment, conservative treatment, and surgical intervention for the management of patients with established limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty. A comprehensive understanding of the multifactorial nature and methods of managing postoperative limb length discrepancy is essential for optimizing patient satisfaction, clinical outcomes and long-term function following total hip arthroplasty.

Concepts: Hip replacement, Hip, Pelvis, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley

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Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most common procedures in orthopaedic surgery. We hypothesized that local infiltration of analgesia and continuous wound infusion of anaesthetics in the first 72 h after surgery could provide more effective postoperative analgesia with better rehabilitation.

Concepts: Randomized controlled trial, Anesthesia, Local anesthesia, Hip replacement, Hip, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley

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Patient-reported outcome measures are a critical tool in evaluating the efficacy of orthopedic procedures. The intention of this study was to evaluate reliability, validity, responsiveness and minimally important change of the German version of the Hip dysfunction and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS). The German HOOS was investigated in 251 consecutive patients before and 6 months after total hip arthroplasty. All patients completed HOOS, Oxford-Hip Score, Short-Form (SF-36) and numeric scales for pain and disability. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, floor and ceiling effects, construct validity and minimal important change were analyzed. The German HOOS demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability with intraclass correlation coefficient values > 0.7. Cronbach´s alpha values demonstrated strong internal consistency. As hypothesized, HOOS subscales strongly correlated with corresponding OHS and SF-36 domains. All subscales showed excellent (effect size/standardized response means > 0.8) responsiveness between preoperative assessment and postoperative follow-up. The HOOS and all subdomains showed higher changes than the minimal detectable change which indicates true changes. The German version of the HOOS demonstrated good psychometric properties. It proved to be valid, reliable and responsive to the changes instrument for use in patients with hip osteoarthritis undergoing total hip replacement.

Concepts: Psychometrics, Hip replacement, Hip, Pelvis, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, Reliability, John Charnley

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Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been one of the most successful orthopedic procedures over the past 30 years. Nowadays, the techniques of exposure for THA have undergone great changes, allowing surgeons to perform THA through mini-incisions. Recently, a novel minimally invasive surgical technique of the supercapsular percutaneously assisted total hip arthroplasty was reported in 2011. The purpose of this study was to compare the SuperPath approach with the conventional posterior approach, in terms early outcomes and radiologic results.

Concepts: Randomized controlled trial, Surgery, Minimally invasive, Hip replacement, Hip, Orthopedic surgery, Joint replacement, John Charnley