SciCombinator

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Concept: Jervis Bay Territory

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Inhalation of asbestos fibres is the predominant cause of malignant mesothelioma. Domestic exposure to asbestos is a major community concern in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) because of loose-fill asbestos home insulation. Little is known about how trends in mesothelioma rates in the ACT compare with those elsewhere. The objective of this study was to describe trends in mesothelioma rates in the ACT and compare them with those for the rest of Australia.

Concepts: Cancer, Australia, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Asbestos and the law, Jervis Bay Territory

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Salmonella is a key cause of foodborne gastroenteritis in Australia and case numbers are increasing. We used negative binomial regression to analyze national surveillance data for 2000-2013, for Salmonella Typhimurium and non-Typhimurium Salmonella serovars. We estimated incidence rate ratios adjusted for sex and age to show trends over time. Almost all states and territories had significantly increasing trends of reported infection for S. Typhimurium, with states and territories reporting annual increases as high as 12% (95% confidence interval 10-14%) for S. Typhimurium in the Australian Capital Territory and 6% (95% CI 5-7%) for non-Typhimurium Salmonella in Victoria. S. Typhimurium notification rates were higher than non-Typhimurium Salmonella rates in most age groups in the south eastern states of Australia, while non-Typhimurium rates were higher in most age groups elsewhere. The S. Typhimurium notification rate peaked at 12-23 months of age and the non-Typhimurium Salmonella notification rate peaked at 0-11 months of age. The age-specific pattern of S. Typhimurium cases suggests a foodborne origin, while the age and geographic pattern for non-Typhimurium may indicate that other transmission routes play a key role for these serovars.

Concepts: Salmonella enterica, Salmonella, New South Wales, States and territories of Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory

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Care coordination has been identified as a person-centred response to the difficulty in meeting the needs of people with severe and persistent mental illness and complex needs. This study evaluated the processes and outcomes of the Partners in Recovery initiative in the Australian Capital Territory, a program established to improve coordination of health and social care for this population.

Concepts: Health care, Sociology, Mental disorder, Australia, Constitution of Australia, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory

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Describe the epidemiology of non-typhoid Salmonella (NTS) infection in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), including factors associated with hospitalisation.

Concepts: Australia, Salmonella, Adelaide, Constitution of Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory

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Following the recent widespread reform of mental-health legislation in Australia, psychiatric advance directives (PADs) have now been incorporated in four jurisdictions. We contextualise the potential role for PADs within the Australian legal framework and note their varying introduction across jurisdictions, with a focus on progressive legislation in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Concepts: Australia, Solomon Islands, Adelaide, Constitution of Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory

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Notwithstanding improvements in door-to-balloon time, adverse event rates after primary PCI have remained steady. We analysed the effect of symptom-to-balloon (STB) time, a reflection of total ischaemic time, on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and explored predictors of prolonged STB time.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Cardiology, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Blood vessel, Australia, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory

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To explore patterns of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).To ascertain the effect of the neighbourhood built environmental features and especially walkability on health outcomes, specifically for hospital admissions from NCDs.

Concepts: Medicine, Epidemiology, Australia, Adelaide, Political economy, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory

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Whole body therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy was introduced into clinical practice in New South Wales (NSW) and Australian Capital Territory in 2007. State-wide policy adopting the eligibility criteria and practice based on trial-designs was published in 2009.

Concepts: Australia, New South Wales, States and territories of Australia, Queensland, Tasmania, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory, Norfolk Island

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Despite a decline in GP home visits in Australia, these services remain an important aspect of healthcare access and delivery for the aged population. Home visits can both provide better care and decrease use of ambulance and emergency department (ED) services. The net costs of providing GP visits are complex, depending on the relative costs of home visits and ED attendances, the number of ED attendances saved by GP visits, and the number of services provided per day by a visiting GP. The Australian Capital Territory government created the General Practice Aged Day Service (GPADS) program in March 2011. Using data and information from this program as a basis, we examine the financial aspects of a daytime home-visit program in the Australian context. Whether or not a program is financially viable depends on a range of parameters; if all factors are aligned a program can generate net savings. While there is no information available on the net health benefits of home visits relative to ED attendance, these differences need not be large for the program to be cost-effective.

Concepts: Health care, Health economics, Health insurance, Population, Australia, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory