SciCombinator

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Concept: Japanese war crimes

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During 2013, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome was diagnosed in 35 persons in South Korea. Environmental temperature probably affected the monthly and regional distribution of case-patients within the country. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the isolates from Korea were closely related to isolates from China and Japan.

Concepts: Developed country, Japan, East Asia, South Korea, Korea, World War II, East China Sea, Japanese war crimes

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“Comfort women” refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. “Comfort women” endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed. This article reviews all the studies that have investigated the psychiatric or psychosocial sequelae of the survivors of the Japanese military sexual slavery. Most importantly, a recent study which conducted a psychiatric evaluation on the former “comfort women” currently alive in South Korea is introduced. The participants' unmarried rate was relatively high and their total fertility rate was relatively low. Majority of the participants reported having no education and being the low economic status. They showed high current and lifetime prevalence of posttraumatic disorder, major depressive disorder, somatic symptom disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and alcohol use disorder. Participants showed high suicidality and majority of the participants still reported being ashamed of being former “comfort women” after all these years. This article high-lights the fact that the trauma has affected the mental health and social functioning of former “comfort women” throughout their lives, and even to the present day.

Concepts: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Bipolar disorder, Anxiety disorder, Fear, Korea, World War II, Japanese war crimes

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To identify the NANDA-I-NOC-NIC (NNN) linkages for inpatients of the obstetrics nursing unit using electronic nursing records.

Concepts: Japan, Identification, South Korea, Busan, Japanese war crimes, Shinsegae

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Telemonitoring is used for glucose management and support in many countries. A better understanding of the differences in telemonitoring acceptance based on regional characteristics is needed. Therefore, we compared the acceptance of telemonitoring for glucose management among patients in South Korea and China.

Concepts: Developed country, Japan, East Asia, South Korea, Seoul, Korea, North Korea, Japanese war crimes

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Unit 731, a biological warfare research organisation that operated under the authority of the Imperial Japanese Army in the 1930s and 1940s, conducted brutal experiments on thousands of unconsenting subjects. Because of the US interest in the data from these experiments, the perpetrators were not prosecuted and the atrocities are still relatively undiscussed. What counts as meaningful moral repair in this case-what should perpetrators and collaborator communities do decades later? We argue for three non-ideal but realistic forms of moral repair: (1) a national policy in Japan against human experimentation without appropriate informed and voluntary consent; (2) the establishment of a memorial to the victims of Unit 731; and (3) US disclosure about its use of Unit 731 data and an apology for failing to hold the perpetrators accountable.

Concepts: Biological warfare, World War II, Chemical warfare, Empire of Japan, Second Sino-Japanese War, Unit 731, Japanese war crimes, Imperial Japanese Army

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The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and this trend is no exception for South Korea. A multidisciplinary approach is needed for the prevention and management of childhood obesity. To do so, among many other strategies, managing the family unit can be a very effective strategy.

Concepts: Nutrition, Obesity, Japan, Body shape, Bariatrics, Planning, Plan, Japanese war crimes

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Caconemobius are distributed on widely separated islands in the Pacific area. Wings are absent in these species. They live among the rocks along the seashore, including the Hawaii, Japan and Korea. This genus is presently represented by 14 species worldwide. We found the first species of Caconemobius from China on the coast of Guangzhou. One new species, Caconemobius dibrachiatus Ma and Zhang, sp. nov., is described and illustrated. 

Concepts: People's Republic of China, Japan, Pacific Ocean, Korea, Republic of China, Hong Kong, East China Sea, Japanese war crimes

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We report a retrospectively identified fatal case of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in South Korea from 2012. SFTS virus was isolated from the stored blood of the patient. Phylogenetic analysis revealed this isolate was closely related to SFTS virus strains from China and Japan.

Concepts: Developed country, Japan, East Asia, South Korea, Korea, World War II, East China Sea, Japanese war crimes