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Concept: J. R. R. Tolkien


Vitamin D has been proposed to have beneficial effects in a wide range of contexts. We investigate the hypothesis that vitamin D deficiency, caused by both aversion to sunlight and unwholesome diet, could also be a significant contributor to the triumph of good over evil in fantasy literature.

Concepts: Vitamin D, Vitamins, Literature, Fantasy, Fantasy literature, The Hobbit, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings film trilogy


The results of the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) 2 trial that have now been published in the Journal represent another important piece of evidence by which to guide the contemporary management of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis.(1) Who were the patients in this trial, and what does it teach us about their treatment? The Oxford English Dictionary defines the word “intermediate” as “holding the middle place … between two extremes.” The reader may assume that the patients in this trial form the middle ground in the risk spectrum between patients at low and high risk. The authors . . .

Concepts: English language, Oxford English Dictionary, Dictionary, J. R. R. Tolkien, Oxford Dictionary of English, New Oxford American Dictionary, Concise Oxford English Dictionary, English culture