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Concept: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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Creation and use of the scientific names of animals are ruled by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Until recently, publication of new names in a work produced with ink on paper was required for their availability. A long awaited amendment to the Code issued in September 2012 by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature now allows publication of new names in online-only works, provided that the latter are registered with ZooBank, the Official Register of Animal Names. With this amendment, the rules of zoological nomenclature have been aligned with the opportunities (and needs) of our digital era. However, possible causes for nomenclatural instability remain. These could be completely removed if the Code-compliant publication of new names will be identified with their online registration, under suitable technological and formal (legal) conditions. Future developments of the ZooBank may provide the tool required to make this definitive leap ahead in zoological nomenclature.

Concepts: Animal, Taxonomy, Noun, Binomial nomenclature, Name, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Nomenclature, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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At the Nomenclature Section of the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia (IBC), the botanical community voted to allow electronic publication of nomenclatural acts for algae, fungi and plants, and to abolish the rule requiring Latin descriptions or diagnoses for new taxa. Since the 1st January 2012, botanists have been able to publish new names in electronic journals and may use Latin or English as the language of description or diagnosis.

Concepts: Photosynthesis, Species, Plant, Fungus, Noun, Nomenclature, PhyloCode, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

0

The original version of this Article contained an error in the first sentence of the Acknowledgements section, which incorrectly referred to the Estonian Research Council grant identifier as “PUTJD618”. The correct version replaces the grant identifier with “PUTJD619”. This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

Concepts: Nitrogen, Version, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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In the version of this article initially published online, an incorrect accession code PDB 6FN9 was introduced in Methods, in the ‘Model building’ section, line 2. This has been corrected to PDB 6F9N. The error has been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of this article.

Concepts: Gene expression, Species, Polyadenylation, Cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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As an addendum to the earlier proposal to include the rank of phylum in the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (Oren et al., Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015;65:4284-4287) we propose the suffix -ota to denote phyla, replacing the somewhat awkward -aeota. We therefore present a new draft modified version of Rule 8 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes and a corrected list of names of phyla to be considered for validation after approval of the proposal to include the rank of phylum in the Code.

Concepts: Phylum, Proposal, Proposals, Proposal of marriage, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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In the version of this article initially published online, an incorrect accession code, EMD-5NW4, was introduced on page 1 of the article PDF, in section ‘BICD2N mediates the association of two dynein dimers with a single dynactin’. This has been corrected to PDB 5NW4. The error has been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of this article.

Concepts: The Association, Tomography, Version, The A-Team, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, HTML

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The author would like to correct the error in the “Abstract” section of original publication as given below.

Concepts: Object, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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I here present a survey of generic names with standing in the prokaryotic nomenclature that have homonyms with standing under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and/or the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. I especially discuss such names added after Principle 2 of the Bacteriological Code/Prokaryotic Code was changed in 1999 to make the prokaryote nomenclature not independent of botanical and zoological nomenclature. Cases include the genera Micromonas, Quadrococcus, Yania, Sinococcus, and Meganema. The generic name Meganema was not previously recognized as a homonym of two genera with standing in the zoological nomenclature. Therefore, I here propose renaming Meganema and Meganema perideroedes as Neomegalonema gen. nov. and Neomegalonema perideroedes comb. nov., respectively.

Concepts: DNA, Archaea, Biology, Organism, Eukaryote, Species, Plant, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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In my revision of the genus Pselaphomorphus Motschulsky, 1855 (Vásquez-Vélez 2016) the depository of the holotype of P. cayennensis Vásquez-Vélez, 2016 was not listed. As a result, the requirements of Article 16.4.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999) have not been met, making the name unavailable. This note aims at correcting the earlier mistake: the holotype of P. cayennensis is deposited at the Museum of natural history (Muséum d'histoire naturelle), Geneva, Switzerland.

Concepts: Nature, Entomology, Zoology, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Natural history, Zoological nomenclature, Museum, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

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Rule 47a of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes contains wording that is misleading. The examples given also give the wrong impression with regards the role of genus names in determining the priority of names at a higher taxonomic rank.

Concepts: Species, Taxonomy, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Nomenclature, International Code of Botanical Nomenclature