Concept: Internal thoracic artery
Surgical correction of pectus excavatum (PE) has shifted to the modern minimally invasive Nuss procedure, which proved to be safe and effective. In order to restore the dented deformity, custom-curved metal bars provide continuous retrosternal pressure but cross the habitat of the internal mammary arteries (IMAs) directly affecting their patency. In this initial report, we sought to assess the patency of the IMAs in the first 6 patients who underwent Nuss bar removal in our department.
A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that myocardial revascularisation using bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) improves long-term survival compared with single/left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting. To date, limited analyses have been made regarding other short-term and long-term outcomes in BIMA strategy.
Despite claims of feasibility, to date no study has examined the effect of systematic bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) use in a large cohort of real-world unselected patients. The CATHolic University EXtensive BIMA Grafting Study (CATHEXIS) registry was designed to assess the feasibility and safety of systematic BIMA grafting.
Bare-metal stents (BMS) and paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) are frequently used in medicine for the treatment of coronary heart disease, with millions of patients treated worldwide. The protein-protein interactions (PPI) were adopted to construct the networks. The M-module algorithm was used to identify multiple differential modules. Gene Ontology enrichment and pathway enrichment analysis were performed to analyze characteristics of modules. With the PPI and microarray data, two differential co-expressed networks were constructed, module 1 indicating PES and module 2 indicating BMS, with the same genes but different edges. At a module connectivity dynamic score P-value cut-off of <0.05, module 1 was identified with 142 nodes and 460 edges and in the module 2, 73 nodes and 222 edges were identified. Significant biological processes and pathways were found different in the two modules. Through the two differential modules, we revealed the potential molecular changes induced by PES and BMS providing new insights into the underlying mechanisms in human left internal mammary arteries after inserted with a stent.
Variation in the origin of the internal thoracic arteries has been previously described and reported in the literature; however, there has been no report of an anomalous termination of the right internal thoracic artery into the pulmonary vein persisting and presenting in adult life. We report the case of the right internal thoracic artery originating from the first part of subclavian artery but terminating into the right superior pulmonary vein that presented during the third decade of life.
Scoring system to guide decision making for the use of bilateral internal mammary arteries: The BIMA score
- International journal of surgery (London, England)
- Published over 1 year ago
Currently, surgeons are unable to estimate whether the survival benefit from bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting outweighs the increased deep sternal infection (DSWI) risk in the individual cases. As a consequence BIMA grafting is still largely underutilized. We aimed to develop and validate a scoring system to predict the individual risk for DSWI and 10 year survival probability to guide surgeons in decision making process for the use of BIMA over single internal mammary artery (SIMA).
A 54-year-old Chinese woman presented with a 10-year history of repeated paroxysmal palpitations. She was diagnosed with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia by 12-lead electrocardiogram and was advised to undergo catheter-based radiofrequency ablation. During the procedure, a rare complication occurred that was diagnosed as a right internal mammary artery penetrating injury. After appropriate emergency treatment with arterial embolization and membrane-covered stent implantation, the patient was out of immediate danger of haemorrhaging. Follow-up computed tomography angiography of the subclavian artery at 3 months after she was discharged from hospital revealed stent-graft patency with no evidence of in-stent thrombosis or stent stenosis. No problems were observed at the 6-month follow-up visit.
Demonstrate the role of endovascular management in the treatment of internal mammary artery (IMA) injuries using transcatheter embolization reviewing our 7-year experience.
Free flaps have become a reliable practice for breast reconstruction. However, the venous congestion is still the most frequent reason of flap failure. It is due to bad quality of the internal mammary veins, a preferential superficial venous outflow of the flap or due to venous thrombosis. The transposition of the cephalic vein could useful in some cases. We describe the surgical technique and suggest an intraoperative algorithm. Seventeen patients (15 DIEP and 2 PAP) were included. Twenty nine point four percent had an unusable internal mammary vein, 23.5% a preferential superficial venous outflow and 47.1% a venous thrombosis. The length of the cephalic vein dissected varied from 15 to 25cm. The mean time of dissection was 39min. There was no flap failure after cephalic vein transposition. The sequelae were one or two scars on the arm without any functional morbidity. The transposition of the cephalic vein is a reliable, less morbid alternative in case of bad quality internal mammary vein with a good quality internal mammary artery, in case of an additional venous outflow necessity or in case of venous thrombosis.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation-related bleeding, especially internal mammary artery injuries, can become life-threatening complications after initiating venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation owing to the frequent involvement of concomitant anticoagulant treatment, antiplatelet treatment, targeted temperature management, and bleeding coagulopathy. We report the cases of five patients who experienced this complication and discuss their management.