SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Humid subtropical climate

386

Prescription opioid-related overdose deaths increased sharply during 1999-2010 in the United States in parallel with increased opioid prescribing. CDC assessed changes in national-level and county-level opioid prescribing during 2006-2015.

Concepts: United States, Vital signs, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Medical prescription, Humid subtropical climate

337

Combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly increased survival among HIV-positive adults in the United States (U.S.) and Canada, but gains in life expectancy for this region have not been well characterized. We aim to estimate temporal changes in life expectancy among HIV-positive adults on ART from 2000-2007 in the U.S. and Canada.

Concepts: Antiretroviral drug, HIV, AIDS, United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Canada, Humid subtropical climate

311

Preterm birth (PTB) rates (11.4% in 2013) in the United States (US) remain high and are a substantial cause of morbidity. Studies of prenatal exposure have associated particulate matter <2.5microns in diameter (PM2.5) and other ambient air pollutants with adverse birth outcomes, yet, to our knowledge, burden and costs of PM 2.5-attributable PTB have not been estimated in the US.

Concepts: Childbirth, United States, Particulate, Smog, Air pollution, Volcano, Dust, Humid subtropical climate

176

We describe the thirteenth reported case of human infection with Gongylonema spp. in the United States and the first to be confirmed as Gongylonema pulchrum. The parasite described was isolated from the oral cavity of a resident of Williamsburg, Virginia. The identity of the parasite was verified through morphologic and genetic approaches, and provided the first genetic confirmation of a Gongylonema sp. in humans.

Concepts: United States, U.S. state, Race, Latin, Humid subtropical climate, Kentucky, Thomas Jefferson, Gongylonema pulchrum

162

The goal of this research was to identify the fraction of deaths attributable to diabetes in the United States.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, American football, Humid subtropical climate, Ice hockey

134

To examine levels of, correlates of, and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among U.S. females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Humid subtropical climate, Henry David Thoreau, Marilyn Monroe, Ralph Waldo Emerson

128

The decline in U.S. adolescent fertility has accelerated since 2007. Modeling fertility change using behavioral data can inform adolescent pregnancy prevention efforts.

Concepts: Pregnancy, European Union, United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Fertility, Abortion, Humid subtropical climate

105

Marijuana use is increasingly prevalent in the United States. Effects of marijuana use on sexual function are unclear, with contradictory reports of enhancement and detriment existing.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Human sexual behavior, Radio, Humid subtropical climate

104

Direct-to-consumer marketing of unapproved stem cell interventions is a well-known phenomenon in countries with lax medical regulations. However, an examination of Internet-based marketing claims revealed widespread promotion of such interventions by businesses based in the United States. Such commercial activity suggests that regulatory agencies must better oversee this marketplace.

Concepts: Cell division, Stem cell, United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Marketing, Business, Humid subtropical climate

101

Violent death is a serious problem in the US. Previous research showing US rates of violent death compared with other high-income countries used data that are more than a decade old.

Concepts: United States, U.S. state, Olympic Games, Canada, Mexico, Humid subtropical climate, Winter Olympic Games, Passenger vehicles in the United States