Concept: Hartmann's operation
: A laparoscopic approach has been proposed to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with the Hartmann procedure for the emergency treatment of diverticulitis.
- Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
- Published almost 6 years ago
The rate of stoma reversal after Hartmann procedure is low, principally because of the technically demanding nature of the reversal procedure and preexisting comorbid disease frequently present in this patient group. Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann procedure is an attractive alternative that can reduce perioperative morbidity but the feasibility of completing the procedure laparoscopically is often limited by extensive adhesion formation present after the initial open operation. We describe a technique for laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann procedure where the stoma is mobilized externally and a pneumoperitoneum established through this preexisting defect. Results for the first 7 cases show a median operative duration of 132 minutes and length of hospital stay of 6 days with no conversions. Insertion of the operating ports under direct vision and a more limited dissection to facilitate the anastomosis represents an alternative operative strategy that can be performed successfully, even in patients with comorbid disease.
About 25% of patients with acute diverticulitis require emergency intervention. Currently, most patients with diverticular peritonitis undergo a Hartmann’s procedure. Our objective was to assess whether primary anastomosis (PA) with a diverting stoma allows lower mortality than Hartmann’s procedure (HP) inpatients with diverticular peritonitis.
Traditionally, perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis was treated with resection and colostomy (Hartmann’s procedure), with inherent complications and risk of a permanent stoma. The DILALA (DIverticulitis - LAparoscopic LAvage versus resection (Hartmann’s procedure) for acute diverticulitis with peritonitis) and other randomized trials found laparoscopic lavage to be a feasible and safe alternative. The medium-term follow-up results of DILALA are reported here.
Hartmann’s procedure for perforated diverticulitis can be characterised by high morbidity and mortality rates. While the scientific community focuses on laparoscopic lavage as an alternative for laparotomy, the option of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy seems overlooked. We compared morbidity and hospital stay following acute laparoscopic sigmoidectomy (LS) and open sigmoidectomy (OS) for perforated diverticulitis.
The Spanish Association of Coloproctology (AECP) and the Coloproctology Section of the Spanish Association of Surgeons (AEC), propose this consensus document about complicated diverticular disease that could be used for decision-making. Outpatient management, Hartmann’s procedure, laparoscopic peritoneal lavage, and the role of a laparoscopic approach in colonic resection are exposed.
- Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
- Published 9 months ago
Background Hartmann’s procedure is a commonly performed operation for complicated left colon diverticulitis or malignancy. The timing for reversal of Hartmann’s is not well defined as it is technically challenging and carries a high complication rate. Methods This study is a retrospective audit of all patients who underwent Hartmann’s procedure between 2008 and 2014. Reversal of Hartmann’s rate, timing, American Society of Anesthesiologists grade, length of stay and complications (Clavien-Dindo) including 30-day mortality were recorded. Results Hartmann’s procedure (n = 228) indications were complicated diverticular disease 44% (n = 100), malignancy 32% (n = 74) and other causes 24%, (n = 56). Reversal of Hartmann’s rate was 47% (n = 108). Median age of patients was 58 years (range 21-84 years), American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 2 (range 1-4), length of stay was eight days (range 2-42 days). Median time to reversal of Hartmann’s was 11 months (range 4-96 months). The overall complication rate from reversal of Hartmann’s was 21%; 3.7% had a major complication of IIIa or above including three anastomotic leaks and one deep wound dehiscence. Failure of reversal and permanent stoma was less than 1% (n = 2). Thirty-day mortality following Hartmann’s procedure was 7% (n = 15). Where Hartmann’s procedure wass not reversed, for 30% (n = 31) this was the patient’s choice and 70% (n = 74) were either high risk or unfit. Conclusions Hartmann’s procedure is reversed less frequently than thought and consented for. Only 46% of Hartmann’s procedures were stoma free at the end of the audit period. The anastomotic complication rate of 1% is also low for reversal of Hartmann’s procedure in this study.
Hartmann’s procedure (HP) is common. However restoration of intestinal continuity is not so frequent. The aim of this study was to determine predictive factors which might influence outcomes following reversal of Hartmann’s procedure.
Complicated diverticulitis is associated with a postoperative mortality rate of 20%. We hypothesized that age ≥80 was an independent risk factor for mortality after Hartmann’s procedure for diverticular disease when controlling for baseline comorbidities.
Hartmann’s procedure is commonly practiced in emergent cases with the restoration of bowel continuity planned at a second stage. This study assessed the rate of restorations following Hartmann’s procedure and evaluated factors affecting decision-making.