SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Hair transplantation

181

Body hair shafts from the beard, trunk, and extremities can be used to treat baldness when patients have inadequate amounts of scalp donor hair, but reports in the literature concerning use of body hair to treat baldness are confined to case reports.

Concepts: Human body, Hair, Hair transplantation, Scalp, Facial hair, Follicular unit transplantation, Follicular Unit Extraction, Beard

0

We describe a simple and efficient method to isolate eccrine sweat glands from the human scalp. This method is inspired by the hair graft harvesting method used in hair transplantation. Based on the recently described anatomical relationship between the scalp hair follicle and the eccrine gland, we have found that scalp follicular unit grafts are an excellent eccrine gland isolation source, especially for the coiled component. In order to make the gland visible for stereoscopic microdissection, the follicular units need to be previously stained with a vital dye like Methylene Blue or Neutral Red. The simplicity and efficiency of this isolation method should encourage further research into human eccrine sweat gland function which has always been hindered by the difficulty of gland isolation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Concepts: English-language films, All rights reserved, Exocrine gland, Glands, Copyright, Hair transplantation, Exocrine system, Sweat gland

0

Current treatments for alopecia with autograft hair transplantation face limitations that may preclude complete hair restoration and leave patients with donor site scars. Scaffold assisted artificial hair implantation as demonstrated in a rat model may provide an adjunct for hair restoration without donor site morbidity.

Concepts: Plastic surgery, Logic, Hair transplantation, Follicular unit transplantation

0

Hair transplant surgery creates consistently natural appearing transplanted hair for men. It is increasingly popular procedure to restore natural growing hair for men with hair loss.

Concepts: Surgery, Organ transplant, Plastic surgery, Hair transplantation

0

Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is a hair transplantation technique that uses small punches (0.8-1 mm in diameter) to extract the follicular units (FUs). Though initially the technique was not widely accepted because of the difficulty of extracting intact follicular units with such small punches, it has since gained in popularity due mainly to rising patient demand, the availability of better instrumentation and greater surgical skill acquired from experience. It is now a recognised alternative to follicular unit transplantation (FUT), a technique based on harvesting the FUs from a strip of tissue. Among the advantages of FUE are less post-procedural discomfort in the donor zone and the barely visible scarring from the punches. However, FUE is a more laborious, time-consuming procedure that involves a long learning curve for the surgeon.

Concepts: Learning, Hair transplantation, Follicular unit transplantation, Follicular Unit Extraction

0

To compare the efficacy of follicular hair transplantation and mini punch graft in the treatment of stable vitiligo.

Concepts: Hair transplantation

0

A 28-year-old man presented with a 10-day history of scalp nodules. He had undergone hair transplantation 2 months previously. Incision and drainage of one of the nodules yielded gelatinous material, which was sent for microscopy and culture, including low-temperature culture. After 2 weeks of incubation, culture of the nodule yielded acid- and alcohol-fast bacilli, which were identified as Mycobacterium abscessus, a rapidly growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium, which has been reported to cause cutaneous, soft tissue and respiratory infections following trauma, surgery or injection with nonsterile needles. A high index of suspicion is therefore needed in patients who present with cutaneous infections after cosmetic dermatological procedures, including hair transplantation.

Concepts: Disease, Infectious disease, Hospital, Infection, Organ transplant, Soft tissue, Hair transplantation, Scalp

0

Serious complications arising from surgical hair restoration are relatively uncommon following well-performed and well-planned surgery by skillful surgical techniques, good communication, and postoperative follow-up. Surgical complications often categorized as those which occur in the donor site and the recipient site. In this paper among recipient area complication we focused on recipient area necrosis that arises when an increased number of recipient grafts are utilized and de-vascularization of the scalp occurs as a result of the large wound area due to the dense packing splitting of recipient skin. Recently, Feily et al. explained an interesting method to prevent development of recipient area necrosis following a hair transplant procedure. Herein we reported three cases of dense hair transplantation using the Feilys method that after slitting they troubled by unusual long lasting dark areas on the scalp and they need more than 24 hr’s patience for prevention of scalp necrosis.

Concepts: Surgery, English-language films, Organ transplant, Plastic surgery, Prevention, Hair transplantation, Scalp, Follicular unit transplantation

0

Erlotinib is among the oral EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors used to treat non-small cell lung cancer. The common side effects of erlotinib include acne form rash and diarrhea. Eyelash trichomegaly and alterations of scalp hair are rarely observed symptoms. In the present study, we report changes in eyelash trichomegaly and scalp hair in six cases of pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients that had been administered erlotinib. The symptoms of eyelash trichomegaly include curly, irregular, excessively long and brittle eyelashes, and alterations of scalp hair include curly or straight, brittle, fine or rigid, reduced growth rate and volume. Since these side effects does not substantially impact patient quality of life, no treatments were administered. These changes in eyelashes and scalp hair gradually disappeared after withdrawal of erlotinib.

Concepts: Cancer, Lung cancer, Non-small cell lung carcinoma, Cancer staging, Medical terms, Pneumonia, Carcinoma, Hair transplantation

0

Fine hairs of the head and nape areas have been used as donor sources in eyelash transplantation but are straight, coarse, and grow rapidly, requiring frequent eyelash maintenance. This is the first reported case of eyelash transplantation by follicular unit extraction using leg hair as a donor source; findings were compared with that of another patient who underwent a similar procedure with donor hairs from the nape area. Although both patients reported marked improvement in fullness of eyelashes within 3 months postsurgery, the transplanted leg hair eyelashes required less frequent trimming (every 5-6 weeks) compared with nape hair eyelashes (every 2-3 weeks). Additionally, in leg hair eyelashes, the need for perming to sustain a natural looking eyelash curl was eliminated. Eyelash transplantation using leg donor hair in hirsute women may result in good cosmetic outcomes and require less maintenance compared with nape donor hair.

Concepts: Patient, Hirsutism, Hair, Hair transplantation, Mascara, Facial hair