SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: General surgery

252

Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscles (DRAM) is characterised by thinning and widening of the linea alba, combined with laxity of the ventral abdominal musculature. This causes the midline to “bulge” when intra-abdominal pressure is increased. Plastic surgery treatment for DRAM has been thoroughly evaluated, though general surgical treatments and the efficacy of physiotherapy remain elusive. The aim of this systematic literature review is to evaluate both general surgical and physiotherapeutic treatment options for restoring DRAM in terms of postoperative complications, patient satisfaction, and recurrence rates.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Plastic surgery, Surgeon, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Rectus abdominis muscle

158

-This project by the International Consortium of Vascular Registries, a collaboration of 11 vascular surgical quality registries, was designed to evaluate international variation in the contemporary management of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with relation to recommended treatment guidelines from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the European Society for Vascular Surgery.

Concepts: Medicine, Aortic aneurysm, Aneurysm, Aortic dissection, Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva, General surgery, Vascular surgery

152

The purpose of this study was to develop a porcine training model for laparoscopic choledochojejunostomy (CJ) that can act as a bridge between simulation models and actual surgery for novice surgeons. The feasibility of this model was evaluated.

Concepts: Surgery, General surgery

36

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relative contraindication for facial plastic surgery, but formal screening is not common in practice. The prevalence of BDD in patients seeking facial plastic surgery is not well documented.

Concepts: Medical terms, Hospital, Surgery, Physician, General surgery, Blepharoplasty

28

Appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency worldwide. Differences between high- and low-income settings in the availability of laparoscopic appendectomy, alternative management choices, and outcomes are poorly described. The aim was to identify variation in surgical management and outcomes of appendicitis within low-, middle-, and high-Human Development Index (HDI) countries worldwide.

Concepts: Africa, Surgery, World Bank, General surgery, Laparoscopic surgery, Laparoscopy, ARIA Charts, Economic development

28

The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes and histological findings in prompt and delayed appendectomy for acute appendicitis.

Concepts: Medicine, General surgery, Appendicitis, Vermiform appendix, Appendicectomy

28

Best practices promulgated by the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma suggest that delay in surgery for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) should not exceed 5 days. This study aimed to probe the relationship between operative delay and adverse outcomes, defined as occurrence of a complication, requirement for bowel resection, prolonged postoperative stay, or death in ASBO using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

Concepts: Crohn's disease, Constipation, Hernia, Bowel obstruction, General surgery, Best practice, Nationwide Building Society

28

BACKGROUND: The sheer number of accepted inferior turbinoplasty techniques emphasizes the fact that there is no general agreement on which approach yields optimal results, nor are there data available that describes prevalent techniques in turbinate surgery among plastic surgeons. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify practice patterns among plastic surgeons who perform inferior turbinoplasty during rhinoplasty. METHODS: Members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons were invited to participate in an anonymous, Internet-based survey containing questions related to personal preferences and outcomes in inferior turbinate surgery. RESULTS: A total of 534 members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons participated in the survey. Most (71.7%) trained in an independent plastic surgery program with prerequisite training in general surgery. More than half (50.6%) had more than 20 years of operative experience; only 15.2% reported performing greater than 40 rhinoplasties per year. The 5 most preferred inferior turbinate reduction techniques were outfracture of the turbinates (49.1%), partial turbinectomy (33.3%), submucous reduction via electrocautery (25.3%), submucous resection (23.6%), and electrocautery (22.5%). Fewer than 10% of the respondents reported the use of newer techniques such as radiofrequency thermal ablation (5.6%), use of the microdebrider (2.2%), laser cautery (1.1%), or cryosurgery (0.6%). Mucosal crusting and desiccation were the most frequently reported complications. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this survey provide insights into the current preferences in inferior turbinate reduction surgery. Plastic surgeons are performing more conventional methods of turbinate reduction rather than taking advantage of the many of the more novel technology-driven methods.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Plastic surgery, Surgeon, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Rhinoplasty, Cauterization

28

The treatment of facial palsy is a complex and challenging area of plastic surgery. Two distinct anatomical regions and functions are the focus of interest when managing facial palsy: (1) reanimation of the eyelids and (2) reconstruction of the smile. This review will focus on the treatment of ocular manifestations of facial palsy. The principles of eyelid rehabilitation will be presented along with a discussion of surgical and nonsurgical treatment options.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Plastic surgery, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Microsurgery, Blepharoplasty, Bell's palsy

27

To provide the best marketing strategy for a private clinic, knowledge of patients' preferences is essential. In marketing, conjoint analysis has been frequently used to calculate which attributes of a product are most valuable to consumers.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Plastic surgery, Marketing, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Microsurgery, Business